The Stack Overflow podcast is back! Listen to an interview with our new CEO.

Questions tagged [philosophy-terms]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Opposite for desideratum to mean “something not wished for”

Desideratum means "something that is desired", and quite often is used in philosophy to refer to the subject of a philosophical investigation. (Wiktionary, Merriam-Webster) I want another word, ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the “apparatus fontium”?

I have encountered with apparatus fontium for example in this reference: Gundissalinus, De divisione philosophiae, apparatus fontium ad pp. 36 –7 What is it and what is it's the literal meaning?
5
votes
2answers
84 views

Meaning of “naturam unibilitatis”

In Summa theologiae (ST I q. 29 a. 1 ad 5) one can read: Ad quintum dicendum quod anima est pars humanae speciei, et ideo, licet sit separata, quia tamen retinet naturam unibilitatis, non potest ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Why did the Romans link Autumn with earth and melancholy, Spring with air and sanguine, and Winter with water and phelgm?

I don't understand the Romans' linking of humor, season, and characteristics for Humours 1-3. E.g. for 1: 1.1. Why'd black bile predominate in autumn (which I agree, is cold and dry)? 1.2. Why'd ...
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Philosophically sound English translation of Duns Scotus's “sed forma non cognoscitur nisi ex operationibus”?

In Libri 1, Quaestio XX, sec. 26, of Duns Scotus's In Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis, Duns Scotus gives expression to a common tenet of a doctrine of the Forms when he writes [S]ed forma non ...
6
votes
0answers
515 views

What is the word for “reason” and what resonance does it have in Roman culture?

I find it interesting that the French expression avoir raison shares an etymology with the English words "reason" and "rational". In a post-truth political era, it is refreshing that the French ...
6
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the difference between sum and existo?

What is the difference between "sum" and "existo" verbs? Would "Cogito, ergo sum" be equivalent to "Cogito, ergo existō"?
5
votes
0answers
69 views

How to say “Double negation affirms by accident”?

I want to know how to say, "Double negation affirms by accident" or "Double negation affirms accidentally." Would it be duplex negatio affirmat per accidens? This is in reference to the idea from ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What is “philosophy” in Latin?

The Latin word I would use for to translate "philosophy" is philosophia. But this is a transliteration of a Greek word. Is there an originally Latin word for "philosophy"? The closest word I could ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

How to say, “Many are not one?” Pluribus non paribus unum?

How to say, "Many are not one?" Is it: pluribus non paribus unum?
5
votes
2answers
156 views

How do you translate “the principle of explosion” into Latin?

How to say "the principle of explosion"? Would it be principium crepitum? The principle of explosion usually is understood to mean ex contradictione sequitur quodlibet, yet I'm very curious as to how ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

Caeteris paribus

Caeteris paribus means "all else being equal" yet, terminologically, also stands in for "all else unchanged". I'm interested in knowing actually how to say "all else unchanged" in a way that bears ...
5
votes
2answers
565 views

Ergo, ex nihilo aliquid et ex nihilo nihil fit

I want to say, "Ergo, something comes from nothing and nothing comes from nothing." Is it correct to translate this as: "Ergo, ex nihilo aliquid et ex nihilo nihil fit"? I'm aware that "ex nihilo ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What semantic notions underlie the prefixes 'con-' and 'de-' (+ notare) with the logical concepts of 'con/de-notation'?

Source: Hurley, Patrick J. A Concise Introduction to Logic (2014 12 ed, but ∃ 2017 13 ed). p. 92 Middle.   The previous section of this chapter explored the cognitive meaning of language in ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

What semantic notions underlie ex/in-tēnsiō with the logical meanings of ex/in-tension?

How did 'ex/in-tēnsiō' semantically specialize to mean the logical meanings below? 'ex/in-tēnsiō' obviously share the same root, and differ merely in prefixes. Does the difference in prefix explain ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Eleatic arguments (argumenta Eleatica)?

I want to know how to say "Eleatic arguments" as well as how to say "Eleatistic arguments". Right now, all I can come up with for the former is "argumenta Eleatica", and I have no clue about the ...
7
votes
1answer
345 views

Modus Barbara, Modus Celarent, et Modus Darii: (Modi Barbara, Celarent, et Darii)?

Modus Barbara, Modus Celarent, and Modus Darii are names of valid syllogisms in the medieval taxonomy of valid syllogisms. I'm wondering how to say: "Moduses Barbara, Celarent, and Darii." As far as I'...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Is it correct to say, “Additionem in prima, secunda, et tertia syllogismi”?

Is it correct to say, "Additionem in prima, secunda, et tertia syllogismi"? I'm trying my very best to say, "The addition of the first, second, and third syllogisms."
7
votes
1answer
181 views

'Conclusio sequitur ex premissis' or 'sequitur conclusio ex premissis'?

I'd like to know how best to translate "the conclusion follows from the premises". 'Conclusio sequitur ex premissis', 'sequitur conclusio ex premissis', or something else entirely?
8
votes
1answer
73 views

Recommendations for “easy” philosophical/political Latin?

My Latin is okay reading Cæsar and Livy, and I'm even (mostly) fine reading Cicero's vicious attacks on the enemies of whoever happened to hire him for the occasion. But when I come to philosophy and ...
18
votes
2answers
336 views

Nonne “a fortiori, a priori, a posteriori” solecismi sunt?

Are the terms a fortiori, a priori, and a posteriori bad Latin? If so, how and when did they become established? I understand that the dative case never takes a preposition in Latin—a most welcome ...