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Questions tagged [philosophy-terms]

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5
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2answers
52 views

Meaning of “naturam unibilitatis”

In Summa theologiae (ST I q. 29 a. 1 ad 5) one can read: Ad quintum dicendum quod anima est pars humanae speciei, et ideo, licet sit separata, quia tamen retinet naturam unibilitatis, non potest ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Why did the Romans link Autumn with earth and melancholy, Spring with air and sanguine, and Winter with water and phelgm?

I don't understand the Romans' linking of humor, season, and characteristics for Humours 1-3. E.g. for 1: 1.1. Why'd black bile predominate in autumn (which I agree, is cold and dry)? 1.2. Why'd ...
4
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0answers
48 views

Philosophically sound English translation of Duns Scotus's “sed forma non cognoscitur nisi ex operationibus”?

In Libri 1, Quaestio XX, sec. 26, of Duns Scotus's In Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis, Duns Scotus gives expression to a common tenet of a doctrine of the Forms when he writes [S]ed forma non ...
6
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0answers
296 views

What is the word for “reason” and what resonance does it have in Roman culture?

I find it interesting that the French expression avoir raison shares an etymology with the English words "reason" and "rational". In a post-truth political era, it is refreshing that the French ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the difference between sum and existo?

What is the difference between "sum" and "existo" verbs? Would "Cogito, ergo sum" be equivalent to "Cogito, ergo existō"?
5
votes
0answers
64 views

How to say “Double negation affirms by accident”?

I want to know how to say, "Double negation affirms by accident" or "Double negation affirms accidentally." Would it be duplex negatio affirmat per accidens? This is in reference to the idea from ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What is “philosophy” in Latin?

The Latin word I would use for to translate "philosophy" is philosophia. But this is a transliteration of a Greek word. Is there an originally Latin word for "philosophy"? The closest word I could ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Post hoc ergo propter hoc vs Cum hoc ergo propter hoc

I am trying to write an essay and would like to use a saying for "Because Event B is during Event A, Event B is related/caused by Event A." I recall hearing both quotes but am having trouble ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

How to say, “Many are not one?” Pluribus non paribus unum?

How to say, "Many are not one?" Is it: pluribus non paribus unum?
6
votes
2answers
127 views

How do you translate “the principle of explosion” into Latin?

How to say "the principle of explosion"? Would it be principium crepitum? The principle of explosion usually is understood to mean ex contradictione sequitur quodlibet, yet I'm very curious as to how ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Caeteris paribus

Caeteris paribus means "all else being equal" yet, terminologically, also stands in for "all else unchanged". I'm interested in knowing actually how to say "all else unchanged" in a way that bears ...
4
votes
1answer
333 views

Ergo, ex nihilo aliquid et ex nihilo nihil fit

I want to say, "Ergo, something comes from nothing and nothing comes from nothing." Is it correct to translate this as: "Ergo, ex nihilo aliquid et ex nihilo nihil fit"? I'm aware that "ex nihilo ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

What semantic notions underlie the prefixes 'con-' and 'de-' (+ notare) with the logical concepts of 'con/de-notation'?

Source: Hurley, Patrick J. A Concise Introduction to Logic (2014 12 ed, but ∃ 2017 13 ed). p. 92 Middle.   The previous section of this chapter explored the cognitive meaning of language in ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What semantic notions underlie the prefixes 'in-' and 'ex-' (+ tēnsiō ) with the logical concepts of 'in/ex-tension'? [closed]

Source: Hurley, Patrick J. A Concise Introduction to Logic (2014 12 ed, but ∃ 2017 13 ed). p. 92 Middle.   The previous section of this chapter explored the cognitive meaning of language in ...
5
votes
1answer
46 views

Eleatic arguments (argumenta Eleatica)?

I want to know how to say "Eleatic arguments" as well as how to say "Eleatistic arguments". Right now, all I can come up with for the former is "argumenta Eleatica", and I have no clue about the ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Out of nothing comes something (Ex quidem nihil fit?)

If "ex nihilo nihil fit" means "out of nothing comes nothing" then how would one say "out of nothing comes something"? The best I can come up with is "ex quidem nihil fit." Is that translation correct?...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

Modus Barbara, Modus Celarent, et Modus Darii: (Modi Barbara, Celarent, et Darii)?

Modus Barbara, Modus Celarent, and Modus Darii are names of valid syllogisms in the medieval taxonomy of valid syllogisms. I'm wondering how to say: "Moduses Barbara, Celarent, and Darii." As far as I'...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Is it correct to say, “Additionem in prima, secunda, et tertia syllogismi”?

Is it correct to say, "Additionem in prima, secunda, et tertia syllogismi"? I'm trying my very best to say, "The addition of the first, second, and third syllogisms."
8
votes
1answer
132 views

'Conclusio sequitur ex premissis' or 'sequitur conclusio ex premissis'?

I'd like to know how best to translate "the conclusion follows from the premises". 'Conclusio sequitur ex premissis', 'sequitur conclusio ex premissis', or something else entirely?
8
votes
1answer
69 views

Recommendations for “easy” philosophical/political Latin?

My Latin is okay reading Cæsar and Livy, and I'm even (mostly) fine reading Cicero's vicious attacks on the enemies of whoever happened to hire him for the occasion. But when I come to philosophy and ...
17
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2answers
269 views

Nonne “a fortiori, a priori, a posteriori” solecismi sunt?

Are the terms a fortiori, a priori, and a posteriori bad Latin? If so, how and when did they become established? I understand that the dative case never takes a preposition in Latin—a most welcome ...