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Questions tagged [philosophy]

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17
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Is Nietzsche's proposed etymology of “bonus” (good) correct?

In the first treatise of On the Genealogy of Morality, §5, Nietzsche proposes the following derivation of bonus (good): I believe I may interpret the Latin bonus as "the warrior": assuing that ...
5
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1answer
77 views

Why did the Romans link Autumn with earth and melancholy, Spring with air and sanguine, and Winter with water and phelgm?

I don't understand the Romans' linking of humor, season, and characteristics for Humours 1-3. E.g. for 1: 1.1. Why'd black bile predominate in autumn (which I agree, is cold and dry)? 1.2. Why'd ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

How would you translate ἡ τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ ἰδέα into Latin?

Question As a sequel to my previous question, how would you translate ἡ τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ ἰδέα ("the idea of the good") into Latin? I'm referring to the concept in Plato's Republic, where in Book VI he ...
4
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0answers
53 views

Philosophically sound English translation of Duns Scotus's “sed forma non cognoscitur nisi ex operationibus”?

In Libri 1, Quaestio XX, sec. 26, of Duns Scotus's In Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis, Duns Scotus gives expression to a common tenet of a doctrine of the Forms when he writes [S]ed forma non ...
6
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2answers
238 views

Is Kant's “De Mundi Sensibilis atque Intelligibilis Forma et Principiis” available online in its Latin original?

Question. Is Kant's "De Mundi Sensibilis atque Intelligibilis Forma et Principiis" available online in its Latin original? Remarks. Rather unbelievably, it seems to me that the answer is currently ...
7
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0answers
44 views

What is the most helpful dictionary for post-medieval works of philosophy and mathematics?

I need Latin for my natural-language artificial intelligence research, and I've been at it for enough years that I can read Latin well, but need extensive practice with composition. Thus I have ...