Questions tagged [ancient-greek]

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5
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1answer
64 views

reference for the greek word παστός as ritual coffin for initiation rites

In this link, it is mentioned in the introduction that one of the meanings of the word ΄παστός' is that of a "coffin for priests used in initiation rites in remembrance of the death of the god ...
7
votes
1answer
125 views

Composition of a word ἡμιόλιος

The Ancient Greek word ἡμιόλιος means literally "one and a half", referring to the ratio 3:2 and the interval of a perfect fifth in music. I wonder how this word is composed of: is it ἡμι- (...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

The pronunciation of Eta (η)

I have visited some sources and I can't finally understand that Eta (η) in Ancient Greek pronounced like 'eɪ' (delay), or like 'eə' (hair). In fact, should we say an 'ɪ' at the end of pronouncing η, ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Ancient Greek Related: How'd I translate this phrase properly

As it goes in Homer's Odyssey, Book 6, 160: οὔτ᾽ ἄνδρ᾽ οὔτε γυναῖκα: σέβας μ᾽ ἔχει εἰσορόωντα. — In Robert Ferguson's translation is: I have never laid eyes on anyone like you — And A.T. Murray: For ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

What are some ancient words that mean forgiveness?

What are some ancient words that mean forgiveness? I’m looking for words that were used before the common era (before 0 CE). I’m looking for words from Latin, Greek, German, and other languages. These ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

reference for the greek verb αγγελιαφορέω

Liddell-Scott Greek-English Lexicon mentions that the verb αγγελιαφορέω (bear messages) is found in "Sch.A.Pr. 969", that is, "Scholia in Aeschylus' Prometheus". So I would like to ...
3
votes
2answers
547 views

Ancient Greek Romans 1:27 - I don't understand this phrase through a straight translation into English

https://studybible.info/interlinear/Romans%201:27 The part I am curious about is the last phrase: "[indecency manufacturing] and [the compensation which was a necessity of their delusion in ...
5
votes
2answers
240 views

αναβαινω aorist active indicative 2nd athematic

Why does αναβαινω takes an aorist active indicative 2nd athematic (-μι) ending (ανεβην) whereas αναβαινω is a thematic (-ω) verb and thus should be spelled ανεβον (aorist active indicative 2nd ...
6
votes
2answers
236 views

πλήθει, dual use of πλῆθος in Philebus

One word seems to me somehow very strange with its dual number. It is in a passage from Plato's Philebus: φωνὴ μὲν ἡμῖν ἐστί που μία διὰ τοῦ στόματος ἰοῦσα, καὶ ἄπειρος αὖ πλήθει, πάντων τε καὶ ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Ancient Greek: how to distinct true and false diphthongs?

Ok, this is not about false diphthong /ou̯/(ου), 'cause it split with long /uː/ (but anybody know a certain time of this spliting? In Wiki this describes simple "at early times") and ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

What are the key classic philosophical/religious texts in Latin? [closed]

These are the top texts in different languages I have gathered: Torah (Hebrew) Tao Te Ching (Chinese) Rig Veda (Sanskrit) Perfection of Wisdom (Tibetan) Quran (Arabic) New Testament (Greek) ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

feminine form of λύκος

λύκος is the Ancient Greek word for 'wolf' in singular masculine form. What is then the feminine form of wolf? I've guessed it as λύκη but what I've found in a dictionary is that it means 'light'. Is ...