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Questions tagged [medieval-latin]

Questions regarding the Latin of the Medieval period, approximately 500–1400

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what does “less correctly” mean in the Lewis & Short?

1. L&S: caenum (less correctly coenum) L&S: cena (not coena, caena) It seems “coenum” and “coena” both are medieval spellings which were straight borrowed from Greek. So both of them should ...
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48 views

Was the name “Sasan/Sassan” often spelled with a double S in Latin or Greek?

A question on ELU (“Sassanian” vs. “Sasanian”) brought up the fact that the name of Sāsān has often been spelled in English with a double S in the middle: "Sassan". (The same goes for related words ...
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2answers
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Meaning of “naturam unibilitatis”

In Summa theologiae (ST I q. 29 a. 1 ad 5) one can read: Ad quintum dicendum quod anima est pars humanae speciei, et ideo, licet sit separata, quia tamen retinet naturam unibilitatis, non potest ...
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1answer
51 views

Latin etymology of Spanish “tarde”

In Spanish, the word "tarde" has two different meanings: The part of the day between noon and dusk. Equivalent to the English noun "afternoon". Happening after the due, usual, or proper time. ...
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1answer
800 views

Pun on Leibniz quote

Can anyone help me out with the two Latin sentences in the quote below ? After googling and looking up a dictionary I was only able to come up with something like, "It is unncessary to employ many ...
4
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2answers
488 views

What does “Sion respectat dominus” mean?

I want to ask a question about medieval Latin. Sion respectat dominus. Does this sentence in English mean: "The lord gives some thought to Zion"? Is this translation correct? This title is from ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Translating “jerusalem duplici jugo gravata” into English

What does this mean? jerusalem duplici jugo gravata Ekkehard of Aura was the monk in medieval. He departed to the crusades of 1101. This sentence is from his book Hierosolimita in RHC V, PP. 1-40.
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1answer
102 views

Latin Bibles (other than Vulgata) available as text?

Is it possible to find the text online of any of the Bibles/NT's in the list below? I fetched the "text only" option of Beza's NT from archive.org, but the amount of typos is considerable :( Theodore ...
6
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1answer
45 views

How might I write a latin phrase for swapping bodies?

Putting together a small literary piece where an item is inscribed with a Latin phrase that hints that it can be used to swap bodies (or minds, depending, I suppose, on your perspective) with another ...
6
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4answers
163 views

What's the translation of this Medieval document?

This is a page taken from a medieval breviary from 13th century Italy Found this document at The Antiquarium in Houston. Would like to know what it is describing. Translations as well as paraphrases ...
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meaning of “status” and “condiciones”

I'm reading Olaus Magnus's 1550 Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus, earumque diversis statibus, condicionibus, moribus, ritibus, superstitionibus, disciplinis, exercitiis, regimine, victu, bellis, ...
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Medieval irregularities in the conjugation of salveo?

In the medieval hymn, Dies Irae, there is a stanza: Rex tremendæ majestatis, Qui salvandos salvas gratis, Salva me, fons pietatis. Which I guess is intended to be understood as: King of ...
8
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3answers
125 views

Few are saved, many are damned

In Barbara Tuchman's A Distant Mirror; in chapter 2, in her description of the Medieval church, she uses the phrase 'Salvandorum paucitas, damnandorum multitudo' to describe the general opinion of the ...
7
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1answer
53 views

References of medieval ornithology terms

I was browsing through the Czech-Latin dictionary Glossarius by Magister Bohemarius Bartholomaeus de Solencia dictus Claretus, which also lists an impressive collection of zoology terms, and I found ...
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Deciphering Latin text in an illuminated musical manuscript

I'm trying to decipher this text, or find at least part of a sentence so I can find the complete text online. I believe it's Latin, but stand to be corrected. The primary reason is I wanted to see if ...
4
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1answer
84 views

Meaning and etymology of 'vinnola' or 'vinola' or 'vinnus' (music term)?

I stumbled onto the word 'vinola' or 'vinnola' and the allegedly related 'vinnus' in treatises on medieval chant. I don't see these words in Wiktionary or any online dictionaries. Does anybody know ...
8
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1answer
102 views

Where is the database of “Corpus Latinorum Et Mediaevalium Naturae Scriptorum”, promised 10 years ago

Has anybody found the actual database of "Corpus Latinorum Et Mediaevalium Naturae Scriptorum" instead of just project notes? The descriptions look incredibly promising: CLEMENS, acronym for Corpus ...
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2answers
139 views

Origin and explanation of memoriae

For an assignment, I have been translating several Latin inscription (on tombstones) from 400–600 AD and one phrase that occurs quite often is memoriae (sometimes with an adjective such as ...
3
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1answer
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Does this adverb phrase apply to one or both verbs separated by 'vel'?

The quote below is from the Instituta Patrum de modo psallendi, an anonymous Carolingian or High Medieval (I myself would date it 800s or 900s) document on singing psalms in Gregorian chant. Source ...
2
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1answer
47 views

How can you translate the expression “Kindled embers” to preserve the meaning of smoldering chunks of coal or wood?

I'm in need of translating this expression to Latin for a project of mine. I really tried figuring this out using Google but I came to a short end. Could anyone help me?
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1answer
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How can the use of “-aeus” as an adjective suffix in “Herculaeus” be explained?

Apparently, the English word "Herculean" has an old spelling variant "Herculæan". This seems to correspond to a Latin variant of the adjective "herculeus/Hercŭlĕus" spelled "Herculæus" (example: "...
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Motto of Sir Francis Drake

The motto of Sir Francis Drake is: Sic parvis magna It is usually translated as "Greatness from small beginnings", but what is the literal translation? Would be be something like "Thus from ...
4
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1answer
101 views

16th stanza of Dies irae

The 16th stanza of Dies irae reads: Confutatis maledictis, Flammis acribus addictis, Voca me cum benedictis. Why are the first two lines in 2nd person plural, while the last one is 2nd ...
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Philosophically sound English translation of Duns Scotus's “sed forma non cognoscitur nisi ex operationibus”?

In Libri 1, Quaestio XX, sec. 26, of Duns Scotus's In Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis, Duns Scotus gives expression to a common tenet of a doctrine of the Forms when he writes [S]ed forma non ...
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1answer
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Reading a snippet of 15th century handwriting in Latin

The Lilly library has a Gutenberg bible on display and the page that it is open to varies. This week the page had a marginal comment in it, which is unusual for this particular copy, and I was hoping ...
8
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1answer
153 views

What does 'ANGLORUM REGIS QUI COR LEONIS DICTUS' mean?

In the cathedral of Rouen I visited the grave of Richard I the Lionheart. It has an inscription: ANGLORVM REGIS QVI COR LEONIS DICTVS So what is the best translation? King of England, who ruled ...
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3answers
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“Et in terra pax hominibus bona voluntas” [sic!]

I have a German Christmas song of the 16th century, which is bilingual, German–Latin. The lyrics go as follows (I translated the German parts into English): O how beautiful the group of ...
5
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1answer
113 views

Was “dominus” or similar used with a title?

If a person is addressed formally with a title, it seems to vary from language to language (and to some extent within a single language) whether a word like "Mr" or "Herr" (German) is used. In Finnish ...
6
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1answer
82 views

Contradictory interpretations of a charter by King Robert the Bruce circa 1314 in medieval Latin

The Charter can be found in Registrum Magni Sigilli Regum Scotorum Vol 1, Appendix i, #71. It reads: "Carta Malcolmi Comitis de Levenax. Robertus etc. Cum concessimus Malcolmo comiti de Levenax ...
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Books of reading medieval Latin manuscripts

I would like to learn how to read medieval Latin manuscripts, but they often use abbreviations/shorthand. What are some books that would help me read these manuscripts?
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Who asked whom about the cape of parchment? And who answered?

I quote this cautionary tale about the dangers of studying Scholastic logic in full because it's just too good not to, but my question is only about the part in bold face: Parisius accidit, quod ...
8
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1answer
265 views

Did Boethius write in Classical, Late, or Medieval Latin?

Did Boethius write in Classical, Late, or Medieval Latin? His style does not appear medieval in the Peter of Spain sense of Medieval Latin; however, it does not appear to be classical in the ...
7
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1answer
472 views

Hominem super hominem

I'm really struggling with a passage in a 12th century manuscript extolling the virtues of studying astrology that I'm working on for my thesis. The sentence is: De huius utilitate autem superfluum ...
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2answers
264 views

Does Ordericus/i end with a “us” or “i”?

Why do some Latin names end with both an "us" and an "i"? For example, Ordericus Vitalis, or Orderici Vitalis, Ekkehardus Uraguensis, or Ekkehardi Compare this edition in Latin v. this edition in ...
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What does this manuscript say?

On the Medieval Latin Wikipedia page, this image is present under Influences: Christian Latin. I can make out some of the words, but I'm not particularly good with interpreting scribes' handwriting. I ...
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2answers
157 views

Is filius necessarily a biological descendant?

I saw a Latin inscription in a church in Rome years ago, and there was an interesting feature. It mentioned a pope and his filius. We were a couple of Latinists and we agreed that so it said, but we ...
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580 views

“Nil virtus generosa timet”

The phrase "NIL VIRTUS GENEROSA TIMET", sometimes also found as "Nihil virtus generosa timet", was, supposedly, the divise or motto of Bertrand du Guesclin, French knight during the Hundred Years' War....
5
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1answer
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Does “a priori” have an implied substantive?

Is a priori short for a longer phrase of the form a priori _____? If so, what is the elided substantive? Background, or, How I Got Confused I'm pretty sure that a fortiori is short for a fortiori ...
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684 views

Is pronouncing 'th' as 's' in 'Boethius' typical in any common Latin pronunciation scheme?

I'm listening to lectures by theologian Douglas Kelly (Medieval Theology, lectures 7 and 8), in which he repeatedly pronounces the name Boethius as: boh-EE-see-us (how it sounds to me) /boʊˈiːsiəs/ (...
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What is a Latin version of Inshallah?

Anyone who served in the military in Iraq (and probably anyone who has done business in the Gulf) in the last 15 years is familiar with the term 'Inshallah.' I suppose it means 'God willing,' as in, "...
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Quo viso, ignorantes quid esset, Deo se commitentes, inde ad oppidum

I am trying to translate from Bartolf of Nangis, Gesta Francorum expugnantium Iherusalem. This sentence is below: Quo viso, ignorantes quid esset, Deo se commitentes, inde ad oppidum quod Marescum ...
8
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1answer
246 views

Modus Barbara, Modus Celarent, et Modus Darii: (Modi Barbara, Celarent, et Darii)?

Modus Barbara, Modus Celarent, and Modus Darii are names of valid syllogisms in the medieval taxonomy of valid syllogisms. I'm wondering how to say: "Moduses Barbara, Celarent, and Darii." As far as I'...
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Latin declension of a proper name, especially a city name

How can I figure out the Latin declension of a proper name, especially a city name? For example, consider the city of Marash in Turkey. It appears in various forms in medieval Latin sources: Marasim, ...
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2answers
164 views

Can there be double diminutives in Latin?

I've been reading some Latin of the 17th and 18th centuries and am wondering if it is possible for there to be "double diminutives." As I understand it, the word "cerebellum" (Oxford Latin = "brain") ...
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647 views

Proper parsing of “respondeo dicendum quod”

Anyone who has read the Scholastics, such as St. Thomas Aquinas, are familiar with the basic structure of an articulus: (Here's an example.) Objections ("videtur quod...") Quote from authority ("sed ...
8
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1answer
115 views

Deciphering Latin words from a very old book (printed in 1544)

I'm trying to decipher the text in a paragraph from an old Latin book (De facultatibus partium animalium, Basileae, 1544) and it's very difficult. This is my result of the first line and I would like ...
5
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1answer
170 views

paucis exceptis qui in praesidio civitatis morabantur, caeteros pro libero detractantes arbitrio

This paragraph belongs to William of Tyre.William is an important historian about the Crusades. William's work translated to English magnificently. But I want to examine this sentence: paucis exceptis ...
11
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1answer
117 views

What does “Hæc igitur illico non ingratanter Christianis patuit” mean?

I came across this phrase in Historia Hierosolymitana by Baldricus Dolensis (c. 1050–1130): What does these two sentences mean? I would appreciate any help. Hæc igitur illico non ingratanter ...
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Latin words for “engineer”

While I was reading La révolution industrielle au Moyen Âge (The Medieval Machine: The Industrial Revolution of the Middle Ages) by Jean Gimpel, I’ve read: In the old texts, James of Saint George ...
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1answer
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What does “omnibus dehiscens offendiculum” mean?

I came across this phrase in Historia Hierosolymitana by Baldricus Dolensis (c. 1050–1130): omnibus dehiscens offendiculum. What does this sentence mean? I would appreciate any help. Here is ...