Questions tagged [word-request]

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4
votes
2answers
911 views

How do you say “translation” in Koine Greek?

I'm looking for a Koine Greek word that means "translation". When I say "translation", I'm referring to a translation of a text in a foreign language. So the context would be the translation of a ...
4
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1answer
67 views

What should we call the space beyond the world?

To the Romans, if I understand right, the word caelum "sky" incorporated everything above the earth: the atmosphere, the space beyond it, and even the thrones of the gods. But nowadays we divide ...
6
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2answers
87 views

How were fractions written and pronounced?

In English, when we want to express parts of wholes and certain numbers of said parts, we use fractions consisting of a denominator indicating how many equal pieces an item has been broken or divided ...
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6answers
1k views

How to say 'striped' in Latin

I'm looking for a way to describe striped cloth — that is, with regular stripes all over, or like the stripes on the flag of the USA. I'm well aware of the stripe on a toga, angusticlavus, etc. But ...
6
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2answers
554 views

What is a romance in Latin?

The word "romance" seems to come from Latin, but no similar Latin word appears to mean anything related. Is there a good Latin word for a romance, a kind of an intimate relationship? I cannot think of ...
5
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0answers
59 views

Latin name of “Roman Dodecahedron”?

There are some 200 archaeological finds known under the name "Roman dodecahedron". There is no accepted or convincing explanation about their purpose and they have not been identified in any text. ...
2
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2answers
122 views

Did the word “citione” meaning “bump in the head” exist in Latin?

In the Spanish language site someone asked about the etymology of the word chichón (link in Spanish), meaning bump (typically in the head as a result of a hit). The most common theory is that it is ...
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0answers
34 views

Natural or unflavoured products

There are a number of different flavours of, say, yogurts, and one of them is plain, without any added flavours besides what is needed to make the yogurt. In English this flavour seems to be often ...
7
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1answer
367 views

What to call a Christmas present in Latin?

What would be a good way to call Christmas presents on contemporary Latin? Are there attested Latin descriptions of early Christmas where presents are given, or should we perhaps choose something ...
4
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2answers
207 views

What is a forum in Latin?

The word "forum" as used in English and many other modern languages obviously comes from Latin. It means a place where people gather to discuss, like an online forum or a scientific conference, but ...
8
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4answers
625 views

What is a boyfriend or a girlfriend in Latin?

When answering this question, it occurred to me that I don't know what to call a "boyfriend" or a "girlfriend" in Latin. What would be good words? I assume that the same solution will work for both ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Inlustrus: A conundrum

I stumbled upon this exchange so I hope you can help me. I'm writing a book of poetry, and I wanted to title it Starlight, but why use English, am I right? So I made the rookie error with Google ...
2
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2answers
125 views

Is there a verb for people of the same sex marrying in latin?

As far as I know there are two words in Latin that indicate two people marrying nubere This means to veil oneself for marriage. It thus has to be said by a female member and it is implied that this ...
9
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3answers
166 views

Did the Romans 'tip' for good service?

I need to refer in Latin to the modern practice of 'tipping' in return for good service. I am well aware of words and phrases for 'reward', which are essentially correct for my purpose, but I should ...
3
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1answer
35 views

What is the difference between “return” and “yield”?

In the Python programming language, "yield" and "return" are keywords with specific meanings. A function can either yield a result (sending that result back and then continuing to work), or return it ...
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1answer
65 views

What is “transcendence”?

Suppose I wish to talk about transcendence: the state of surpassing normal limits, particularly limits of the human mind and body. The obvious answer is something like transcendentia, from trans + ...
7
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1answer
166 views

What is a “monster” in Latin?

English "monster" comes from Latin monstrum "divine omen, supernatural occurrence", from moneō "warn". Later this shifted to the meaning it has in English, a horrifying or evil creature. But before ...
3
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2answers
757 views

What is “terror” in Latin?

If I have understood correctly, the English word "terror" roughly means various activities invoking fear, such as attacks on civilians, and "terrorism" is the use of terror for political purposes. The ...
3
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3answers
172 views

A word for protector of nature/animals

I am looking for a Latin word that describes a person who: protects (is a guardian) is kind to takes responsibility of is kind of a deity for animals or for nature. Is there a certain word for that?
5
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1answer
88 views

Idiomatic phrasing of “to the [cardinal direction] of [something]”

I am currently writing a small geography of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent (in the year 117 AD, under Emperor Trajan) in an effort to practice my composition skills. So far everything has ...
8
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2answers
54 views

What is a good deed?

Suppose I wanted to talk about good deeds. Generally this means acts done by someone for selfless reasons, solely to benefit others. For a literal translation I could go with bona facta, but the ...
5
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0answers
65 views

Are there well-assimilated Latin words from Semitic languages?

I've generally assumed that Latin words coming from Semitic are usually transformed by Greek: even Elissa is a Greek transcription of the original. But this answer indicates that the well-attested ...
4
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1answer
146 views

Is there an Ancient Greek verb with this very particular (and nsfw) meaning?

I heard it claimed recently that Ancient Greek had a verb similar to irrumāre, but specifically for irrumātiō performed on a corpse. This seems somewhat absurd, and the claim had no source attached, ...
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4answers
2k views

What would “high school” be in Latin?

There was a conversation between Joonas Ilmavirta and I in CONLOQVIVM, during which we attempted to figure out what the appropriate translation for the phrase "high school" (specifically of the ...
3
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3answers
103 views

What is “mechanical”?

If I wanted to describe something as "mechanical", as opposed to electronic or human-run, how would I do this in Classical Latin? As the Romans had no electronics, the main distinction I'm interested ...
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2answers
1k views

What is “legendary” in Latin?

The English word "legendary" obviously comes from Latin, from the gerundive legendus, "that which is to be read". (Less clumsy wording ideas are welcome!) I might base a translation of the noun "...
6
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1answer
81 views

What was the most common and generic word used in classic Latin that meant “to speak” or “to talk”?

Nowadays in Spanish the verb used for "to speak" or "to talk" is hablar, which comes directly from Latin fābŭlor, meaning: 1 to talk familiarly, to chat, to converse 2 to invent a story, to make ...
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2answers
231 views

What is a caregiver in Latin?

Consider a person who is not a medical professional but spends a substantial amount of time taking care of someone close to them suffering from a medical condition such as Alzheimer's disease or ...
4
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0answers
409 views

How to translate “sexy”?

How would one translate “sexy” into Latin? In particular, I’m looking for a word or phrase that has a similar “slangy” feel to the English version. I’ve considered a few possibilities: Catullus 10 ...
5
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5answers
520 views

Touching emotionally

In English or Finnish I can say that I was touched by something or an experience was touching, meaning that I was touched emotionally, not physically. How can I express the same in Latin? Does tangere ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

How would one talk about an “algorithm”?

Suppose I want to discuss an algorithm in Latin: that is, a series of steps to calculate a result from an input, usually involving mathematical formulae. How would I say this? The English word came ...
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2answers
52 views

Latin word for “decided dichotomous possibility”

Suppose you have a fair coin. Then tossing it has two possible outcomes: heads and tails. These are equally likely. One of these possibilities must occur (assuming that the coin doesn't land on its ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Latin word for 'the web' or 'Internet'

How would I refer to 'the web' or 'Internet' in Latin? Many words to describe the internet are just reapplied from other objects (e.g. 'page' from a book or 'site' as in a location). Translating ...
5
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1answer
58 views

How to translate “evaluate”?

In mathematics people say that Evaluate f at x What word in Latin means "evaluate"? The construction ex-valor-are -> evaloro, -are, -avi, -atum seems to be an analogue but I am not sure if this ...
4
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2answers
336 views

“The inside of the building was beautifully decorated (…)” — translation to Latin

Sentence to translate: The inside of the building was beautifully decorated — such striking opposition with the ugly outside appearance. My attempt: Intus aedificii decore ornatus erat &...
5
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1answer
41 views

How to “undelete” in Stack Exchange in Latin?

In the Stack Exchange network questions, answers, and comments can be undeleted. What would be a good Latin verb for "undelete" in this context? To "delete" is naturally delere, but I see no good way ...
3
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2answers
261 views

What is an umbrella in Latin?

I realize that the English word "umbrella" smells like a diminutive of umbra, "shadow". However, all mentions of an "umbrella" from ancient Rome or Greece I have found concern protection from the Sun, ...
3
votes
3answers
90 views

A word for national and other cuisines

I am looking for a word for "cuisine". For example, I don't know how to say the following in Latin: I like Nepalese cuisine, but I haven't found any suitable restaurants here. I don't know which ...
4
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2answers
347 views

Is there a Latin verb for enabling?

This question is based on the same book "Wolmar Schildt — sata uudissanaa" my question yesterday. The second of the two words that caught my attention was the Finnish verb "mahdollistaa", which was ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there a classical Latin verb for furnishing?

I recently read a booklet called "Wolmar Schildt — sata uudissanaa" which is built around a list of a hundred neologisms by Wolmar Schildt (1810–1893), one of the most active promoters of ...
4
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4answers
184 views

How to translate “tenure”?

Tenure is a permanent academic position. The position is very safe, as it is far more complicated to fire a tenured professor than an employee who has a permanent contract. There are variations, and ...
8
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1answer
984 views

Did the Romans have a word for “volcano”? How did they describe Vesuvius?

I'm curious to know whether the Romans had a word for "volcano", and, more specifically, whether they thought of Mount Vesuvius as a volcano.1 After the eruption of AD 79, I'm sure they had some ...
8
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3answers
714 views

What is an eve?

It is New Year's Eve today, and there are other eves throughout the year. What would be a good Latin translation for "eve"1? The English word appears to be etymologically related to "evening" and ...
3
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1answer
71 views

How to translate “pesto”?

What would be a good Latin translation for the sauce pesto? I see a couple of possible routes, but it's not clear to me at all what I should call the sauce in a modern context: It seems to come from ...
4
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3answers
170 views

What is plant-based or vegetarian food?

Is there a Latin adjective which means "vegetarian" or "plant-based" and can be applied to food? In this context, I don't need to make a distinction between vegetarian and vegan, for example; I just ...
4
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1answer
76 views

What is Latin for “relate”?

I mean that sense of relate which we find in: A relates to B as C does to D. or when we speak of A and B's relation, meaning whatever may be said of A and B without further specification. If ...
3
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2answers
80 views

How to translate “fan”?

What would be a good Latin translation for "fan", a fanatic supporter or follower of a sports team, an artist, or some such thing? I realize that the English word is short for "fanatic", which in ...
5
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2answers
159 views

Is there a colorful term for an uninvited guest?

Is there a colorful Latin term for an uninvited guest? Of course I can say something like conviva non invitatus, but I wonder if there is something less boring, akin to the English "gatecrasher" or ...
5
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1answer
156 views

Different levels of friends

Are there Latin words for friends of different depth? A more shallow friend might perhaps be called "mate" or "pal", and a deeper one "friend". Perhaps a shallow friend could also be called "...
6
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1answer
1k views

What is “soaking wet”?

Is there a classical Latin adjective or other similar phrase for "soaking wet"? I expect that I should take an adjective for "wet" and prefix it with per-, but I did not manage to find examples of ...