Questions tagged [meaning]

For questions regarding the meaning or connotation of a word or phrase.

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5
votes
3answers
499 views

Is "necesse" an adjective or an adverb

Introduction My enquiry arrises from a passage in “Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata: Familia Romana” in its tenth chapter which is entitled “BESTIAE ET HOMINES” on its fifty-ninth line which is as ...
6
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0answers
107 views

Sigillare and sugillare

From signum ("sign") we have a diminutive form sigillum, "little sign", whence in particular: "wax seal made by one's ring print", to close and sign a letter or a box, ...
2
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0answers
58 views

Latin Perfect Tense and romance languages particularly Portuguese

How did the perfect tense evolve in each romance language? For example is the Preterito Perfeito functionally equivalent to the Latin Perfect Tense? Heri dormivi. Ontem dormi. Ayer dormi. Hier j'ai ...
7
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1answer
131 views

Which preposition should be used with contrario and why?

Is it better to say argumentum a/ab contrario or e/ex contrario? It seems that both are acceptable but in most Romance languages it is a contrario. The movement out/from is not clear/explicit/graphic ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

What does "ad minūtim" mean? Does it mean the same as "minūtus"?

I understand that minūtim is a conjugation of minūtus. Is that correct? What does "ad minūtim" mean and what would minūtus mean?
5
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0answers
47 views

Latin "Basic" Colors and Shades

Salvete Omnes, While I am working on a Minecraft resource pack that changes the Latin, which hopefully fixes some rough spots in it, I came back to a problem which strikes me occasionally with colors ...
5
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0answers
62 views

What are the semantic, pragmatic, or other differences between -tio, -tus, -tura, and other action nouns

Salvete Omnes, While answering this question on a motto related to computers, I was going to question the authority of Vicipaedia's use of words derived from programma, particularly action nouns from ...
7
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1answer
321 views

Is the word order of "Iura novit curia" used for emphasis?

Is the change in the word order used for emphasis, and how would we translate "iura novit curia" to English while maintaining the word order? We don't have cases and there is the danger of ...
5
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1answer
177 views

What does Valerius Maximus mean in the line “eoque ictu origo et principium fortioris tragoediae extinctum est.”?

Valerius Maximus, in Facta et Dicta Memorabilia, describes the death of Aeschylus (V.Max. 9.12(ext).2): Aeschyli uero poetae excessus quem ad modum non uoluntarius, sic propter nouitatem casus ...
7
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1answer
380 views

"Aurea prima sata est aetas" - is there ambiguity here?

I'm (re)teaching myself Latin (I studied at school decades ago), and I've just picked up a book of excerpts from Ovid. Aurea prima sata est aetas, quae vindice nullo, sponte sua, sine lege fidem ...
7
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1answer
156 views

Why is the subjunctive used in Vergil's Georgics, 3,250?

Vergil's Georgics, book 3, line 250, reads: nonne vides ut tota tremor pertemptet equorum corpora si tantum notas odor attulit auras. Why is the subjunctive mood used here? And what is this ut?
9
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2answers
448 views

Meaning of "τρίχας" in Anacreon's Περι Γέροντος

Here's a poem from Anacreon's Odes: ΠΕΡΙ ΓΕΡΟΝΤΟΣ Φιλῶ γέροντα τερπνόν, Φιλῶ νέον χορευτήν. Γέρων δ᾽ ὅταν χορεύῃ Τρίχας γέρων μὲν ἐστιν, Τὰς δὲ φρένας νεάζει. From what I've found, τρίχας is the ...
6
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2answers
156 views

What does causa procurans mean?

What is the definition of the expression causa procurans, and who may have been the originator of the term? I found this expression used by a number of people, but I haven't been able to find it ...
7
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1answer
1k views

What is "capult"?

There is a Tertullian quote in one of the editions of Gibbon (see the asterisked note here for the original). Nam proximè ad lenonem damnando Christianam, potius quam ad leonem, confessi estis labem ...
3
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2answers
98 views

Does adjunctum mean an essential feature or attribute?

According to William Whitaker's Words it does: adjunctum, adjuncti N N [XXXCO] quality, characteristic, essential feature/attribute; collateral circumstance; However, I'm wondering if it might ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Meaning of "io" in Christmas carol

The carol Adeste Fideles includes the line "Cantet nunc io chorus angelorum". What does "io" mean?
4
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1answer
290 views

translation for Strength, love and courage to Latin

I would like to engrave a piece in Latin for my teenage son with our “family motto.” The motto is strength, love and courage. He is studying Latin and I want to be sure the word choice is accurate. ...
4
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1answer
77 views

How to change the "Ex libris" (from books) used in books to get the meaning "from diaries"?

I do not know any Latin at all. Could you please help me to solve the following problem? I am wondering what would be a correct equivalent for "ex libris" used in books to change the meaning ...
4
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1answer
180 views

What's the meaning of onava?

This question is derived from another one posted in the Spanish Language site. In the original question OP was asking about the meaning of the word onava. We have not been able to find such word in ...
4
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2answers
486 views

Meaning of “Videre Sed Non Videri”

What is the meaning of “Videre Sed Non Videri”? I already search on Google on pages like: mymemory.translated But results are confusing me, and my knowledge on Latin language is zero. Thanks in ...
4
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1answer
83 views

Meaning of "quod" in this context

M. Valerius Martialis: Epigrammata III.44 recites Occurrit tibi nemo quod libenter, quod, quacumque venis, fuga est et ingens circa te, Ligurine, solitudo, quid sit, scire cupis? What is the ...
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2answers
99 views

What would be correct way to say “very fortunate “

Trying to find the correct adjective for “very lucky/very fortunate “ in feminine singular. Valde fortunata or ipsum fortunata?
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1answer
77 views

Does this Latin phrase convey a meaning?

I'd like to utilize Homines Ludente, Homines Impudente as an epigraph. But I'm not sure whether it conveys a meaning. Thanks for your help!
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97 views

What is the meaning of "cin" in the phrases "petras omnes cin cum...."?

So I've been trying to figure out the Latin lyircs in "Hellfire" from the video game Final Fantasy XV. It's really hard to make out what they're saying, and the only part that I've managed ...
6
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0answers
73 views

What was the use and frequency of use of Latin "mactāre"?

In What are the key differences between the main Latin verbs meaning "to kill"? we saw a lot of verbs meaning "to kill" and the differences between them. The fun part of it is that ...
4
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2answers
420 views

What is the latin phrase for knowing a mistake and doing it anyway

I am trying to remember a Latin quote that says something like I know I am wrong but I do it anyway. I remember reading it in a book. It's not much to go on, but if someone knows it, it will be nice ...
7
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2answers
2k views

How can we distinguish "Si vis pacem, para bellum" translations?

On Wikipedia it is said that Si vis pacem, para bellum means "If you want peace, prepare for war". But I think that It also seems like "If you want peace, prepare war". What makes ...
4
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0answers
75 views

Passage from Odington

I am looking at a short passage from Odington's treaty on music, and am unsure about the last bit, particularly the meaning of "abiectus" in this context. I admit to having limited skill reading Latin-...
2
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1answer
139 views

Res vs Obiectus

What is the difference in meaning between Res and Obiectus (is it merely a matter of Language evolution Classical vs Medieval)? As a meaning I am interested in that which (the thing that) is related ...
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3answers
237 views

Can "ad aliquid" mean "the same"?

Grimms' glossed German einschlägig thus: spectans, pertinens ad aliquid, bezüglich I was looking to understand what einschlägig means, which is only used in fixed expressions, and I'm afraid I didn'...
7
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1answer
343 views

Semantic difference of ablative and accusative cases when following "in"

What is the semantic and conceptual difference of ablative and accusative cases when following in? Examples: In dubio pro reo & opinio iuris uniformis et in longo usu Dubio and longo are in ...
10
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1answer
285 views

What does “non oportet” mean?

When verbs that recommend an action to some degree (such as should, must, ought) are negated, there are two possible interpretations: (a) the action is simply not recommended, nor anything else; or (b)...
4
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3answers
386 views

Best Latin translation of an English Phrase "Always Present, Never Seen"

I am designing some potential products for my organization, and I want to include a version that includes a tag line written in Latin of one of the our organizational values. The phrase I'm looking ...
9
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1answer
548 views

Meaning of "Spiritus Libertatis"

Another question from the frequent latin expressions in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose. Here a character is complaining about evil followers from Spiritus Libertatis. I saw that this could ...
11
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8answers
3k views

Can one translate ἀθάνατος as 'living' rather than 'immortal'?

Context There is an old hymn, often referred to as the Trisagion or Thrice-Holy. It goes like this in Greek: Ἅγιος ὁ Θεός, Ἅγιος ἰσχυρός, Ἅγιος ἀθάνατος, ἐλέησον ἡμᾶς. (Transliterated, this reads, &...
16
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1answer
3k views

Meaning of "cum inter nonnullos"

I'm reading The Name of the Rose, by Umberto Eco, which has a lot of Latin phrases and expressions, since the story is set in the 14th century and the protagonist is a franciscan friar. The expression ...
6
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4answers
286 views

How do you say to “bear in mind” or to always “keep in mind” in Latin?

Self explanatory question. Okay so I know the word ‘remember’ in Latin is ‘memento.’ but I heard that there are different variations like meminero or something, but is there a way to say “to keep in ...
3
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1answer
367 views

How do I translate "Eternal light guide me"?

Am a guy, planning to get this tattooed and coming from a Latin-illiterate background (never studied Latin in my life). Context: to remind me of God's guidance throughout my life and to continue to ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Did "sanctifico" ever mean "to make the sign of the cross"?

The Spanish word "santiguar" means "to make the sign of the cross". So for instance, when a Catholic enters a church, s/he "se santigua" (s/he makes the sign of the cross on her/himself). According ...
3
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0answers
169 views

What was the difference in the concept of "colour" in Latin and modern languages?

For this question: Are there Latin words for hair color?, I had to search a little about the concept of "color" in Latin. I also had a debate on another SE, with people who consider that &...
7
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2answers
590 views

What did "quid pro quo" originally mean?

The phrase quid pro quo means "what for what" in Latin, but that makes very little sense to me. Wikipedia hints at the original meaning having to do with substitutions. That makes sense, as pro can ...
6
votes
1answer
211 views

Appropinquare: difference in the meaning according to the case?

Is there a difference in the meaning, between "appropinquare" + dative, and "appropinquare" + ad + accusative? Dictionaries are not very clear about it. https://outils.biblissima.fr/fr/collatinus-...
6
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1answer
823 views

Difference between dexter/sinister and rectus/laevus?

Is there a difference between the pair dexter/sinister (right/left) and rectus/laevus? I was only aware of the pair dexter/sinister until recently, when I learned that chiral molecules in molecular ...
4
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2answers
121 views

Difference between Sententia and Opinio?

Could you give some examples of sentences showing the difference between Opinio and Sentencia? Aren't both good translations for "opinions?" "Through" and "opinion" seems to be translated by both: ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Meanings of cibus, and cibi

The dictionary I use tells me that Cibus, could mean "food", or "meals" or "dishes", and many other related meanings. So, I find logical, that, when you have the plural, it means rather meals/dishes. ...
2
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0answers
36 views

What is the difference between fessus and lassatus in Latin?

Could one of them implies a physical fatigue, and the other one a psychological/emotional one. Or is it a matter of intensity? Please, give me some sentences as examples.
3
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1answer
100 views

Coming from physically or originate from a place? (Ab Gallia venio)

With "Ab Gallia venio. or "De Gallia venio". (Or other sentences of the same kind) Could it mean both, I come from this place, or I am originated from this place (like a nationality, or the origin of ...
4
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0answers
2k views

Meaning of "condition-ut-extremis" in Dune

Excerpt From: Frank Herbert, Dune “The wisdom of seeding the known universe with a prophecy pattern for the protection of B.G. personnel has long been appreciated, but never have we seen a condition-...
10
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3answers
254 views

Is it gibberish, a real ceremony, or a Latin joke?

I have just been watching an old TV series called Porterhouse Blue which is a Tom Sharpe comedy about an ultra-conservative and old fashioned university called Porterhouse. At one point there is a ...
9
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3answers
263 views

Cibus sanus — healthy food?

The Duolingo Latin course uses sanus as "healthy" in connection with meals. A healthy lunch would be prandium sanum according to the course. But I always thought that sanus is only refers to ...