Questions tagged [classical-latin]

Questions concerning Latin of the classical era, approximately 75 BCE to 300 CE

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7 votes
2 answers
704 views

Coronat Virtus In Corde Mea / Virtue Reigns In My Heart?

Could this correctly translate to "Virtue Reigns In My Heart"? I prefer to use "coronat" instead of "regnat" but would it still be correct? I believe that "coronat ...
5 votes
1 answer
95 views

Classical Translation for "aura, vibrations, feeling"

I have struggled in finding an adequate translation for the above mentioned words, that designate the subtle ambiance that something is thought to emit or convey. Like "she gives me negative ...
8 votes
1 answer
328 views

How to express "a little bit of" a mass noun outside of the nominative or accusative case

How do you say "a little (small amount) of" a mass noun when the noun phrase is not in the nominative or accusative case or is the object of a preposition? Normally a partitive genitive is ...
1 vote
0 answers
67 views

What is the preferred beginners book on beginning to learn latin? [duplicate]

This is for someone who wants to begin studying but has little to no knowledge of the language. Should I stick to a classic Latin primer or something more modern? Thank you.
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-2 votes
1 answer
82 views

How grammatical mistake transmitted in manuscripts

In my previse posts, I asked the question on interpolation of the word "non" in sentences, community from both Reddit and stack provide a very detailed and good answer, but while reading all ...
3 votes
1 answer
348 views

Is Classical Latin “proelium” (battle) in any way related to English “broil” (quarrel)?

I’m starting a Classical Latin course and I noticed that proelium, meaning battle, sounds very much like English broil/embroil, and could plausibly have some etymological relationship. Is it just a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
34 views

Pliny named the plant in his book History of Nature

The following is a paragraph(critical point) from Pliny's History of Nature : The identification of plants mentioned in the Natural History is a difficult matter. ... trained botanist hesitates at ...
3 votes
1 answer
134 views

What is the function of "ingenti" in Apocolocyntosis 12, 3?

What is the function of "ingenti" in Apocolocyntosis 12, 3? Claudius, ut vidit funus suum, intellexit se mortuum esse, Ingenti enim megaloi xorikoi nenia cantabatur (anapaestis). My ...
3 votes
1 answer
304 views

What would the ancient Greeks have called Herakles' bow and poisoned arrows? What would the Romans have called them?

Herakles received a bow from Apollon before his labors started. After his second labor, the slaying of the Lernaean Hydra, he dipped his arrows in it's blood making them instantly lethal. What would ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
59 views

Remember your future in Latin? [closed]

what's the correct way of saying Remember your future in Latin?
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5 votes
1 answer
489 views

Why does the author use "illuminated" for "ignibus"?

The following poem is from De Rerum nature Book 5:715-725 : labitur omnimodis occursans officiensque, nec potis est cerni, quia cassum lumine fertur. versarique potest, globus ut, si forte, pilai ...
1 vote
2 answers
89 views

How would you say "What do you reach with hate and staying angry" in old latin writing?

I would like to translate correctly the sentence "what do you reach with hate and staying angry". I would like this in old latin writing if possible.
2 votes
1 answer
56 views

How would you say “return to the stars” in Latin?

How would you say “return to the stars” in Latin in the form of a command for instance. Does not need to be an aggressive version of the commas, simply a pleading.
9 votes
1 answer
974 views

Why 'Vir' is the only word of 2nd declension with -ir ending?

I'd like a detailed explanation of the word 'Vir' denclesion. Vir is the only word of the second denclension with 'ir' ending. What is the reason for this phenomenon? Anyone knows a research about it ...
3 votes
2 answers
650 views

Knowledge of Moonlight among Latin writer

Is there any Roman or Latin writer person before 2nd-century AD who wrote moon does not have its own light but got it from Sun like the moon is a mirror which reflects sunlight, I know about Cicero ( ...
1 vote
1 answer
111 views

Interpolation of words by scholars leads to changes in the meaning

The following sentence is from "De architecture" a 1 BCE book(English translation) Uti autem Aristarchus Samius mathematicus vigore magno rationes varietatis disciplinis de eadem <re> ...
3 votes
0 answers
49 views

Reading of "licet" in the following sentence

The following sentence is from a 5th-century book [12] Rursus terra accepto solis lumine clarescit tantummodo, non relucet, luna speculi instar lumen quo illustratur emittit, quia illa aeris et aquae,...
1 vote
0 answers
118 views

Did Classical Latin sound like singing at times like Italian does?

Plesae note that this question is different from a previous question of mine! Songs being sung in Classical Latin literature Did Classical Latin sound like singing at times and if so did Classical ...
10 votes
4 answers
857 views

What would the term for pomegranate orchard be in latin or ancient greek?

I am doing research into Greek and Roman mythology, specifically the underworld. There is supposedly a pomegranate orchard next to the palace of Hades, and I am looking for the ancient terms for it. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
172 views

“Aquathlon” in Classical Latin

An aquathlon is a multisport race consisting of continuous run and swim elements. Competitors complete a swim immediately followed by a run over various distances. How would this race be named in ...
  • 398
3 votes
3 answers
188 views

How would Roman name an Übermensch?

I was thinking of "homo superus/superior" but I don’t know which one is better. I’m referring to the concept introduced by Nietzsche.
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5 votes
1 answer
263 views

On the analysis of "mihi" in "Praesidium mihi in perpetuum comparatum est" (Cic. Cat. 3.12.27)

I was wondering about the correct analysis of the dative mihi in the sentence Magnum enim est in bonis praesidium quod mihi in perpetuum comparatum est, which is included in the text below from Cic. ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
81 views

Which letters of celebrētur are trilled in this Bervoets recording

Which letters of celebrētur are trilled in this recording? https://www.stilus.nl/ce-geluid/PlinMinEp-VI-16.htm? Bervoets doesn't just trills both R's but the letters near the two R's too! I've noticed ...
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does this Latin phrase, from an ancient astrology wheel say?

"Hemphta - Numen Triforme" the greek portion reads "παντόλιoφoν" I think it says something like the "holy trinity" or "godhead trinity" but thats just based on ...
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6 votes
1 answer
134 views

Use of "if" in a translation of Pliny the Elder's Natural History

Following John Bostock's 1855 translation of Pliny the Elder: The Natural History, II 44–45: I know not whether she ought not to be considered as our instructress in everything that can be known ...
4 votes
1 answer
217 views

Is 'arcanus scintilla vitae' gramatically correct?

I'm trying to figure out how to put together "the mysterious spark of life" in Latin, though the cases are a tad confusing. Doing some searching and translating has led me to those 3 words, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
276 views

Hi omnes lingua: Why lingua is put in singular?

The 2th sentence in De Bello Gallico Liber I. Hi omnes lingua, institutis, legibus inter se differunt. The word lingua is put Ablative Singular. Why? I am not a native speaker of Indo-European ...
2 votes
2 answers
169 views

Satyricon 136.7-8

..... post lectum occisum anserem mitto vulnusque cruris haud altum aceto diluo. Is "vulnus" a 4th declension plural accusative noun? If so, why is it modified by "altum", which is ...
3 votes
1 answer
173 views

Did individuus refer to individual persons in Ancient Rome?

Did individuus refer to individual persons in Ancient Rome?
2 votes
1 answer
84 views

Does -que get appended to adjectives?

For example in the following sentence should the adjective 'magnus' also take 'que' to agree with the noun 'puer'? Puella puerque magnus.
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3 votes
1 answer
88 views

I'm looking for a stable English to Latin translation for the below quote

I did some research about the Greek Gods associated with language and communication and found that the best approximation is the Greek God: Hermes. I'm writing a research paper about communications, ...
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8 votes
4 answers
4k views

Is "Ave Dominus Nox" the correct translation for "Hail to the Lord of Night"?

In the Warhammer 40K universe, the Night Lords (scary stealthy dudes) use the battle cry "Ave Dominus Nox." This isn't meant to be in Latin, but in High Gothic, a made-up language for the ...
3 votes
0 answers
78 views

What is the modern day pronunciation of v in Latin as in van or as a w? And is the c soft as in cellar or hard as in cat?

What is the modern day pronunciation of v in Latin (as in van) or as a w sound? And is the c soft as in cellar or hard as in cat?
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0 votes
1 answer
45 views

In Satyricon 135.4

"detrahentem", though a present partiple and therefore active, (it seems to me) is used passively (like the past participle "detractum". .... Something like "She stuck the ...
4 votes
2 answers
227 views

Determine length of vowel

How to determine the length of a vowel without dictionary or any stripes above letters? Thanks.
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0 votes
0 answers
45 views

What is the name of this website

About a year ago I saw a list on some wiki site that listed all of the websites that are doing a computer analysis of Latin. I've done a lot of googling but cannot find the site. I don't think it ...
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4 votes
1 answer
86 views

doodle (verb & noun) scribble absent-mindedly/ a rough drawing made absent-mindedly

What might the Latin be for this word. I first thought that the Plautine has litteras gallina scripsit might be modified but eventually went for ‘inter otia aninmi formas scribere’ and ‘formae inter ...
1 vote
0 answers
34 views

Ex + sisto preposition choice

Why is it exsisto instead of subsisto? Between the verbs sisto and ἵστημι there seems to be an almost perfect correspondence in meaning but the prepositions switch from exsisto to ὑφίστημι (which ...
8 votes
1 answer
100 views

How do we get around the fact that 'extera' appears rarely as masculine

In the OLD it says that 'exter' is rare as a nom sing masc adjective but in the LASLA database it does not appear at all as a masc positive adjective in any case. As a superlative the masculine '...
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6 votes
1 answer
478 views

Can magna be a noun or an adverb?

In this passage from Ars Poetica we find: Ī́ncēptī́s grăuĭbū́s plērū́mque‿ēt mā́gnă prŏfḗssis Pū́rpŭrĕū́s, lātḗ quī splḗndĕăt, ū́nŭs ĕt ā́lter Ā́dsŭĭtū́r pānnū́s I can't figure out if 'magna' is an ...
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5 votes
2 answers
245 views

What word does 'iucunda' modify in this sentence from Cicero?

I am reading a letter fom Cicero to his friend Atticus and can't quite pinpoint exactly how the word iucunda functions thereof: "Nam mihi omnia, quae iūcunda ex hūmānitāte alterius et mōribus ...
7 votes
1 answer
436 views

Origin and actual quote of the proverb "Caesar's wife must be above suspicion"

While searching for the Latin quote of the proverb "Caesar's wife must be above suspicion", I was a bit surprised because the form that I know of that proverb was "It's not enough for ...
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3 votes
2 answers
76 views

‘like hell!’ as a strong negative

I try to conduct all my conversations in Latin with my close friends and am trying to find a good Latin equivalent for ‘like hell!’ as a strong negative. Would minime gentium be a good response’ when ...
5 votes
1 answer
83 views

Translation of a exhortatory phrase of encouragement to remain cheerful in difficult circumstances

The trans phrase I am looking for a colloquial translation of is ‘keep your chin up!’I received a birthday card from an in-law with the phrase sursum mentum—-I have been waiting a long time for a knee ...
3 votes
1 answer
53 views

ille sequatur Opis

In the following passage from Tibullus 1.4.68 Ā́t quī nṓn āudī́t Mūsā́s, quī uḗndĭt ămṓrem, Ī́dǣǣ́ cūrrū́s ī́llĕ sĕquā́tŭr Ŏpís From the context we know that Tibullus is outlining consequences for ...
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4 votes
0 answers
115 views

Has the word 'focus' ever meant 'fire' in Latin literature?

I ask this because in virtually all the Romance languages, the respective descendants simply mean fire, yet when I come across the term in classical literature specifically, it usually meant 'hearth'. ...
6 votes
1 answer
86 views

Recommended editions the Aeneid and the Gallic Wars (for AP Latin)

I am looking for recommended editions of the Aeneid and the Gallic Wars, suitable for (highly motivated) high school students. (I will be working on the AP Latin curriculum with my sons, but I'm not ...
6 votes
1 answer
131 views

Corrections/review of a verse translation

I'm translating a Tennyson verse (Sir Galahad) and had it went over by a couple of folks with some corrections. I would like you guys to give it a final pass if you would be so kind. I searched and ...
5 votes
1 answer
217 views

Was Classical Latin spoken fast like in the Romance languages or slow like in English?

Was Classical Latin spoken fast like in the Romance languages or slow like in English? In all the Nuntii Latini episodes, Classical Latin is spoken fast like in the Romance languages, https://areena....
6 votes
1 answer
107 views

Why is ū long in "Vitruvius"?

Lewis & Short and Gaffiot's dictionaries both mark long ū in the name Vitrūvius. How do we know this, and do we know the reason for it? In my experience, most words with the sequence -uvi- + vowel ...
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