Questions tagged [classical-latin]

Questions concerning Latin of the classical era, approximately 75 BCE to 300 CE

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3
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1answer
148 views

Why do I find it hard not to palatalize the /g/ in digitus?

In latin words such as digitus, I found it hard to pronounce correctly the consonants /k/ or /g/ followed by /i/. I think that this happens especially if these sounds are in the same syllabe. Is it ...
8
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2answers
315 views

Hearing vs hearing that

The English sentence 'I heard you play the flute' can have three distinct meanings: At some point in the past, you played the flute while I was within earshot. Someone told me that you are able to ...
-2
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1answer
80 views

What's the cool killer app of Latin?

I'm about halfway through an introductory course on Latin, and I'm not particularly enjoying it. The problem I'm having is that it's coming across as a very generic, fussy language that's similar to ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Songs being sung in Classical Latin literature

Listening to Classical Latin literature I have noticed what sounds like songs being sung! For example the Lydia Dic part in Lydia Dic Per Omnes and the probās vocārī, Seu Genitālis part of Phoebe ...
6
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2answers
102 views

For what copulative verbs is the nominative case used in addition to est?

I'm a real beginner, but I was reading that a noun is declined as nominative for the predicative nominative, so: cattus est canis, the cat is a dog both cat and dog would be declined in the nominative ...
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1answer
131 views

Amar vs encantar in Latin

As I've understood it, in Spanish there's a difference between using amar for people and encantar for things. Is there a similar difference in Latin? This page describes the difference: https://...
5
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1answer
254 views

"Litus Saxonicum", or "Litus Saxonicus"

Well I have found the Saxon Shore written, in some sites, as "Litus Saxonicus", It seems OK, but I have found as well Litus Saxonicum. Source: Notitia dignitatum.
2
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0answers
25 views

"Paper shuffler" equivalent in modern or ancient Greek

Not really a Paper Shuffler but I am looking for a word that describes a person who knows all the unnecessary details in a business or activity but doesn't really understand the whole idea or the real ...
2
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0answers
58 views

Latin Perfect Tense and romance languages particularly Portuguese

How did the perfect tense evolve in each romance language? For example is the Preterito Perfeito functionally equivalent to the Latin Perfect Tense? Heri dormivi. Ontem dormi. Ayer dormi. Hier j'ai ...
2
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1answer
73 views

What are the verb conjugation names called in Latin?

What are the terms in Latin for the Latin verb conjugations? I would like to also know the Latin for the mixed conjugation (or if preferred that known as the io sub conjugation) and any term for verbs ...
9
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1answer
332 views

Translation of building inscription regarding architect of Alcantara Bridge

The Alcantara Bridge in the Extremadura region of Spain is one of the oldest structures extant whose architect is known by name. It spans the Tagus River near the modern-day border of Spain and ...
6
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1answer
135 views

What adjectives did the Romans use to describe skin color?

The Romans surely met peoples of different skin color in their interactions between Gauls and Africans and many others. I assume that there were clear color differences back then and that the Romans ...
7
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2answers
555 views

Did the Romans use 'animus' and 'anima' together?

The words animus and anima are pretty close to each other, and their difference has been explored on this site before. In order to understand their nuances in classical Latin I would like to see an ...
6
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1answer
134 views

Which gender for words "Magnificum Consilium"

I would like to name a product in Latin because I find it original and attractive language. I was looking for a translation for the words "great advice" so I found "Magnificus Consilium&...
5
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1answer
139 views

More detailed translation of a passage

In the book «Elementos de Retórica» by the 18th-century Spanish priest and latinist Calixto Hornero, there is the following sentence (link to 1815 edition): Cernere est plurimos, qui sibi parum ...
14
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2answers
2k views

Is this the entire corpus of Latin up to 200 AD?

The Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) Latin Texts site claims to have 'essentially' all of the texts from before 200 AD plus a few others. Is this really all of the text from before 200 AD? I would ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Did Romans have only one suffix -uus?

I stumbled across this comment on using the "v" and "u" in the “linguistics” forum. My question is: what does "The Romans would not have differentiated the symbols" mean?...
0
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1answer
87 views

How do Latins distinguished short or long vowels? [duplicate]

How did Latins distinguish short or long vowels when they read a text? Does exist any rule such as open / closed syllable?
2
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0answers
74 views

On the syntactic distribution of ablative gerund and nominative present participle

I've always taken it for granted that in Classical Latin nominative present participles cannot be replaced by ablative gerunds without a meaning change. For example, in the following case the ...
7
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1answer
131 views

Which preposition should be used with contrario and why?

Is it better to say argumentum a/ab contrario or e/ex contrario? It seems that both are acceptable but in most Romance languages it is a contrario. The movement out/from is not clear/explicit/graphic ...
11
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1answer
607 views

Are prepositions really never used with cities?

We're taught that the names of cities and small islands do not use prepositions for being in, going into, or leaving these places: It's not in Roma but Romae. It's not in Romam but Romam. It's not e/...
2
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0answers
68 views

Modification of Latin adage

Is this a good alternate Latin translation of "Never give up, never surrender?":Numquam desiste, numquam dede!
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1answer
61 views

Grammatical modification of quote attributed to Appius Claudius Crassus Caecus (340-273 B.C)

Is this grammatically correct: "Quisque fortunae suae faber est"?
7
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1answer
63 views

Latin names for groups of animals

How should I go about naming groups of animals in Latin? Should I use a single word like grex in all situations, or should I use varying words depending on something? In English — and I simplify for ...
6
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0answers
30 views

How did people describe flags and banners using Latin?

This is my first time on the forum, so If there's any tips to get my question answered feel free to share. I have been working on a Minecraft resource pack that changes the Latin setting, hopefully ...
1
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1answer
58 views

What is the best word for "constellation"?

In a previous question about a Cicero quote, he uses the word sidera. Lewis & short give the definition of sidus as: a group of stars, constellation, heavenly body Astrum has a similar ...
6
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2answers
408 views

How to scan "nempe tenens, quod amo, gremioque in Iasonis haerens"

Ovid's Metamorphoses 7.66, here I marked my attempt: nempĕ tĕ/nens, quŏd ă/mo, grĕmĭ/oqu(e) in/ Iasŏnĭ/s haerens That makes the 3 first feet dactyls and the fourth one a spondee, but the ...
3
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1answer
116 views

Where can I read the introductions to the Latin Dictionaries

If you want to read Lewis' introduction to his own dictionary it's not easy to find out where this is, same with Gaffiot, same with Labaigue and Georges. (The Oxford Latin Dictionary is not available ...
8
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1answer
263 views

Meaning of the first line of Cicero's De Oratore

The very first line of Cicero's De Oratore reads as follows Cogitanti mihi saepenumero et memoria vetera repetenti perbeati fuisse, Quinte Frater, illi videri solent, qui in optima re publica, cum et ...
3
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1answer
66 views

How to you convert a Latin word, such as voluntas, into a name, specifically a surname?

I've been wondering how to properly convert Latin words into names to signify the importance of certain concepts to a person, and met conflicting information online. My default assumption would be to ...
8
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1answer
342 views

Why does Müller read "accusatius" in Satyrica 119.11?

Petronius' Satyrica 119.11-12, in Konrad Müller's Teubner edition (1995), reads: hinc Numidae †accusatius†, illinc nova vellera Seres, atque Arabum populus sua despoliaverat arva. What reasons could ...
8
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2answers
908 views

Ave for plural addressee?

I have been told that the greeting ave or have is of Punic origin and not an imperative of avere. If so, how do I use this word to greet several people? Is it in the same form, is it pluralized to (h)...
6
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4answers
320 views

What monolingual text editions are available?

I am a beginner and making quite good progress with Ovid. Rete utile est. To start with Ovid I bought the Loeb edition of Metamorphoses, Books 1 to 8. But I anticipate that when I have finished this ...
11
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1answer
333 views

Why is nominative instead of ablative absolute used in 'Ibi egressi Trojani'?

In LLPSI 2 'Roma Æterna', Chapter XLI 'Origines', it is written: Ibi [Siciliâ] egressi Trojani, quibus ab immenso prope errore nihil præter arma et naves supererat, cum prædam ex agris agerent, ...
7
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1answer
321 views

Is the word order of "Iura novit curia" used for emphasis?

Is the change in the word order used for emphasis, and how would we translate "iura novit curia" to English while maintaining the word order? We don't have cases and there is the danger of ...
2
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1answer
85 views

How to say "Things could always be worse"

For an ironic family crest, I would like to incorporate the motto "Things could always be worse" or a similar Latin saying.
4
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1answer
95 views

How this phrase could be written in classical latin?

How would the phrase "Vi veri vniversum vivvs vici" be written in Classical Latin? As far as I know, it is by Christopher Marlowe, originally written as Vi veri vniversum vivus vici, used in ...
4
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2answers
87 views

Does "Ob Eam Causam" introduce an indirect question

I apologize if there's an obvious answer here I'm missing, but I can't figure out why this line from De Bello Gallico 5.33 is subjunctive: "At Cotta, qui cogitasset haec posse in itinere accidere ...
12
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1answer
1k views

How did the Romans congratulate a new father?

One of our users recently became a father and of course congratulations are in order. How did the Romans do that? More specifically, are there any attested congratulations to a new father in the ...
6
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1answer
637 views

What is the percentage of loan words in Classical Latin?

I want to know the percentages of loanwords in Classical Latin (maybe including Old Latin but NOT post-classical Latin), including native terms and words, for example: 90% Native 7% Greek 1% Etruscan ?...
7
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1answer
210 views

Tellus' "briny robes"

I read in Keats' Hyperion: [...] No, by Tellus and her briny robes! (Hyperion, 246) Tellus is a Latin goddess, her Greek counterpart being Gaia. I am looking for the Greek or Latin source of the ...
5
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4answers
567 views

"gerund + genitive" vs "gerund+accusative" ("scribendo epistulas" vs "scribendo epistularum")

So far I was thinking the way of saying "He spends time in writing letters" (example from A&G) might be terit tempus scribendo epistulas or terit tempus scribendis epistulis. But can ...
7
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1answer
415 views

The translation of "What would Caesar do?" in classical Latin

The translation of "What would Caesar do?" in classical Latin. I've researched a lot and I've not found any evidence of what this phrase would be in classical Latin. Any guest? I'm trying to ...
15
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1answer
845 views

Was avē truly pronounced with an "unspelled /h/"?

According to the etymology at Wiktionary, avē derived from a Punic word with an initial /h/, and was pronounced as such in the Classical period even though the word was spelt without. Is this claim, ...
3
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2answers
130 views

'lived in Greece' and 'returning home'

The original question is, 'The other, whose parents lived in Greece, was returning home.' My translation is, 'Alter, cuius parentes habitaverunt Graecum, redibat domum,' and i am not so sure if 'in ...
1
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1answer
143 views

How is "vinum rubrum" right?

Sorry, I am a beginner so I don't really know much. But doesn't the genetive singular of the word red should be rubri?
11
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1answer
951 views

Did the ancients or medievals have a word for the energy stored in plants?

If you spend a little time gardening, you soon become aware that plants store energy in their roots, which they collect from the Sun through their leaves. By the end of Autumn, perennials usually have ...
28
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1answer
7k views

Why did so many Romans name their children after ordinal numbers?

Why were so many praenomina ordinal numbers or apparently derived from ordinal numbers? A few examples: Octavia Minor (Augustus Caesar's older sister) Octavia Major (Augustus Caesar's older half-...
4
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1answer
256 views

What is the the etymology and origin of the word/name Calvus?

Doing research (the question was also asked here as well) I came across the name having a French origin meaning "bald". However, I also came across that the name has a connection to the ...
1
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1answer
71 views

How to say......" Focus and Persevere"..in classic latin

I am creating a motto on an emblem, and I want to use that phrase.....Focus and Perservere.....in Latin as my motto. Hence the need for the phrase in classic Latin.

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