Questions tagged [vocabulary]

This tag is for questions concerning the meaning and usage of individual words or a few words in conjunction with each other.

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8 votes
1 answer
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How is that there are two different words, comparo, that appear to be identical?

In various dictionaries, like Lewis & Short, there are two completely separate entries for the word comparo, which otherwise appear to be identical in conjugation. How is that these two entries ...
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5 votes
1 answer
95 views

Classical Translation for "aura, vibrations, feeling"

I have struggled in finding an adequate translation for the above mentioned words, that designate the subtle ambiance that something is thought to emit or convey. Like "she gives me negative ...
5 votes
1 answer
90 views

What is the meaning of praeprimis?

I came across the word "praeprimis" when reading some 17th century Latin (Experimenta nova, Otto von Guericke, b. 4 ch. 15 ). To my best guess, it's a combination of "praecipue" ...
5 votes
2 answers
118 views

Translation of "The ant labors for the good of the nest"

I'm looking to translate "The ant labors for the good of the nest", or to rephrase, "The ant works for the benefit of the nest/hive/colony". So far I've come up with: formica ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What does 'spatio pollicarir emotius' mean in Otto von Guericke's Experimenta Nova?

In Otto von Guericke's Experimenta Nova (1672) he says (in reference to experiments showing how a feather floats above and sometimes is reattracted to a globe of sulphur): Filum lineum, si acumini ...
4 votes
0 answers
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Is postid a derived form or an archaic form of post?

I pondered this since reading some Plautus. It seems similar to postea (post ea), just being in singular (so post id?), or perhaps it is the obsolete earlier form of post itself. Just curious if there ...
1 vote
1 answer
40 views

Meanings of 'furo'

I am finding some conflicting information about the word furo. According to Lewis and Short, it only means furo/furere, a defective 3rd conjugation word meaning to be in a rage. In L&S, only furor ...
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1 vote
1 answer
97 views

What would be the name for government for, from, and by

The people Shareholders The king Investors Customers Tax payers Plus explanation. From sources, I've heard that those are Democracy Metochocracy Monarchy Ependocracy Pelatarchy What? I may be wrong....
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5 votes
2 answers
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Is there a Latin word for 225th anniversary?

If bicentennial is the Latin word for the 200th anniversary, what word would one use for the 225th anniversary?
9 votes
1 answer
974 views

Why 'Vir' is the only word of 2nd declension with -ir ending?

I'd like a detailed explanation of the word 'Vir' denclesion. Vir is the only word of the second denclension with 'ir' ending. What is the reason for this phenomenon? Anyone knows a research about it ...
3 votes
1 answer
196 views

Words for "Biased Arguments" in Latin

Is there such an expression in Latin that describes the following situations: Someone using arguments based on fear, patriotism and race/nationalism instead of logic for the purpose of trying to ...
1 vote
1 answer
111 views

Interpolation of words by scholars leads to changes in the meaning

The following sentence is from "De architecture" a 1 BCE book(English translation) Uti autem Aristarchus Samius mathematicus vigore magno rationes varietatis disciplinis de eadem <re> ...
3 votes
0 answers
49 views

Reading of "licet" in the following sentence

The following sentence is from a 5th-century book [12] Rursus terra accepto solis lumine clarescit tantummodo, non relucet, luna speculi instar lumen quo illustratur emittit, quia illa aeris et aquae,...
3 votes
1 answer
59 views

What does "passit" mean?

I encountered the word "passit" in the following statement by Lucretius: Accidere ex una flamma parva incendia passit. I cannot find the word passit in dictionaries. What does it mean?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Translating "I will go all the way" [duplicate]

I need help translating the English sentence "I will go all the way" into Latin. This will be used as a motto. Thanks in advance :)
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2 votes
1 answer
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Relationship between subeo and subeor? or polliceo and polliceor?

The compound word sub+eo seems to appear in two different forms, subeo and subeor. One is a normal indicative form, the other deponent. They appear to mean more or less the same thing. What is the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
110 views

Is "Fantasia" a classical Latin word? What was its original meaning?

I'm indecisive as to what title to chose for a novel I finished writing. I went for a pseudo-Latin title : "Apex Fantasia" as it is a fantasy novel. But I still wonder if I can find ...
4 votes
0 answers
56 views

to make a pass at/ hit on

Has anyone in their reading come across Latin words for to ‘hit on’ in the sense of speaking or behaving in a way that shows they want to have a sexual relationship with you. [informal] ‘She was ...
3 votes
1 answer
99 views

How to say "oath-breaker" in Latin?

How can I translate "oath-breaker" properly into Latin in reference to losing one's faith?
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3 votes
1 answer
73 views

form to learn a new word in

When I learn a new word in Latin, should I learn it in a form: excluding diacritic (pax - peace) or: including diacritic (pāx - peace) ? (question number one) I have never seen the diacritic ...
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1 vote
0 answers
34 views

Ex + sisto preposition choice

Why is it exsisto instead of subsisto? Between the verbs sisto and ἵστημι there seems to be an almost perfect correspondence in meaning but the prepositions switch from exsisto to ὑφίστημι (which ...
8 votes
1 answer
121 views

many, much, a lot of in Latin

Can the Latin word multus be used both for expressing greater amounts of both countable and uncountable nouns? (in English there is many for countable, much for uncountable or the universal a lot of) ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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On words with non-Classical meanings in LLPSI

I found Lingua Latina per se Illustrata(LLPSI) use the word kalendārium for calendar (as in Chap. 13, and the official Latin-English wordbook), but in both dictionaries L&S and OLD there is just ...
6 votes
1 answer
347 views

How would you translate "The Adorned" for use as a collective title?

I took a few years of Latin back in high school, but my understanding of the language never really surpassed novice levels. I've been brainstorming names for a wolf pack in a story of mine; a lot of ...
2 votes
1 answer
114 views

How to express a prayer intention

I'm new-ish to speaking Latin - specifically praying in Latin. When praying with my family, we like to express prayer intentions before beginning (eg. "For so-and-so" or "For charity&...
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4 votes
1 answer
309 views

How does one translate "a fighting thing" and "a running away thing"?

In the same way "a thinking thing" is translated into Latin to res cogitans, how would you translate in Latin "a fighting thing" and "a running away thing"?
0 votes
0 answers
75 views

Is there a Simple Latin?

For english, a simple version of the language, called Simple English has been defined — an english-based controlled language — as an aid to teaching english to non-native speakers. Has it ever been an ...
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3 votes
0 answers
45 views

Are there different words for an excerpt and its location in Latin?

In Latin, locus can be the passage of a text (e.g. Cicero says he is going to translate a passage in one of his speeches and uses locus if I remember correctly) but it can also be the location of the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
666 views

What does the word "adidum" mean?

In a book in Latin, I found the sentence "Adidum vina" — Something (?) the wines. What does "adidum" mean?
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2 votes
0 answers
52 views

How would you translate "Mentalist" into Latin?

How would mentalist be translated into Latin? There is some debate about what constitutes mentalism, but to me I would summarize as the use of psychology, cold reading, skilled intuition, and careful ...
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8 votes
2 answers
533 views

How would you translate "rank" or "level" to Latin?

In English, we can talk about people or things as being at a certain level or rank. For example, in gaming systems, you might have a character or ability that is level 10, or level 20, etc. What would ...
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2 votes
0 answers
37 views

What would be the Latin equivalent of the English noun, "reflex"?

The English word "reflex" comes from the late Latin word reflexus, to bend back, turn away. Is there a Latin noun equivalent to reflex in the modern sense? Classical is preferred, but any ...
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5 votes
1 answer
121 views

hoc pacto a synonym for quo modo?

I am working through the notorious Rosetta Stone Latin and they have the phrase "hoc pacto" seemingly as a synonym for quo modo. So, for example, there are sentences like: Solum hoc pacto ...
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4 votes
1 answer
105 views

Expressions of contempt or credulity in Latin

I am looking for a Latin equivalent of ‘my eye/ my arse’ as an expression of contempt or incredulity in Latin or less emphatic ‘I don’t think! e.g. He’s a model of good behaviour, my eye/ my arse/ I ...
5 votes
2 answers
219 views

First Declension Singular, Gen or Dat?

I'm learning the first declension and I am confused on how the word "terrae" is used as a genitive but can be used as a dative. How do I translate if I am given just the word "terrae?&...
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3 votes
1 answer
237 views

Nomen agentis of 'Quaerere'

Everybody knows words like Terminator, Navigator, Laudator, ... For verbs from the a conjugation is seems pretty simple to build the Nomen Agentis, what about words like 'Quaerere'? I thought about ...
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5 votes
1 answer
101 views

What people are considered to be part of "populus"?

Lewis and Short give the following in the dictionary entry for populus: The people, opp. to the Senate, in the formula senatus populusque Romanus (abbreviated S. P. Q. R.), saep.; cf.: “et patres in ...
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5 votes
1 answer
174 views

How do you say “mask” in Latin?

What would be an appropriate Latin word to refer to the kind of mask you wear to fend of COVID-19? Dictionaries give me “persona” as the appropriate word for mask, but that seems that this would ...
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5 votes
1 answer
91 views

How to say something is on discount

"Discount" in the regular meaning: a product now costs less than it used to (usually deliberately by the seller). I saw facio pretium is a phrase meaning "to set a price". So maybe ...
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1 vote
0 answers
50 views

Sources for listings of alternative forms of common words

Do you know any good sources for listings of alternative forms of common words. For example most websites, books and tables only show "meo" for the Ablative of "meus", but there ...
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9 votes
2 answers
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Are “magna” and “maxima” incorrectly translated in these examples? (Seneca Epistula I)

I am reading the Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium by Seneca, both in the original Latin and in various translations for comparison/understanding (English, French, Italian, German). For the following ...
7 votes
1 answer
110 views

To think of someone

I have been trying to translate this English phrase into Latin properly, and I started to check it in some resources. In this text it goes: "..., cum de tuis cogitas,...". And I have no idea ...
10 votes
2 answers
983 views

Latin to Latin Dictionary

I have a few Latin to English and English to Latin dictionaries, but I was wondering whether there is such a thing as a Latin to Latin dictionary, and, if so, where one might be found. There are, of ...
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8 votes
2 answers
329 views

Translation of Fratres Occasi

Someone in my organization is trying to sell memorial challenge coins with the text "Fratres Occasi", which they claim means "Fallen Brothers". This seems, not right to me. My ...
2 votes
1 answer
88 views

What would be the best word for "destroyer"?

There are a few different words I've found with the meaning of "one who destroys or ruins", though most are fairly rare or only poetical. Is there a more commonly used word that I am missing?...
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4 votes
2 answers
240 views

What is the best way to say "OK" in Latin as an exclamation?

The word "Ok" in English can be used in multiple ways, though one of the most simple is as an exclamation that one was told something. As an example: Iulius: Marcus, I had your toga dry-...
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4 votes
0 answers
36 views

What is the best Latin counterpart for 'reach' or 'contact'?

In English you can use the verbs "reach" or "contact" to mean being in contact with someone without specifying the method. When you don't want to specify whether you are writing a ...
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do say something like "for a good time, call Aemilia" in Latin?

Here in the US, a cliched bit of graffiti you can often find written on the stall of a public bathroom is: For a good time, call Aemilia. The phrase implies that calling Aemilia will result in some ...
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5 votes
1 answer
301 views

What does the word "numquid" literally mean?

I have come across this word a few times in more later Latin texts. Would this word be merely synonymous with 'num' and 'quid' or is there a different shade of meaning that can be explained through a ...
6 votes
1 answer
255 views

"This is the way" from The Mandalorian in Latin

The phrase "this is the way" is used multiple times in the Disney+ series, The Mandalorian. The phrase is used to affirm that taking an action is done because this is the way that the ...
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