Questions tagged [vocabulary]

This tag is for questions concerning the meaning and usage of individual words or a few words in conjunction with each other.

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3
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4answers
3k views

Does this sentence I constructed with my junior high school latin work? I write online advertising and want to come off as snobby as possible

Essentially, I want to say something like: "If you read this, your will will be mine". (In a teasing way like, Who Reads This Is Stupid). I 'distilled' it as much as possible to "reader beware: your ...
7
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1answer
68 views

Are there minimal pairs between the acute and circumflex accent?

Ancient Greek had two (*) different types of accent on long vowels: the "circumflex" accent indicates high tone on the first mora, and the "acute" accent indicates high tone on the second. (Short ...
4
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2answers
74 views

“Nucis vado”? Going nuts?

Does "Nucis vado" mean going nuts? I go of a nut? Some folks want to use it as a motto and I would like to make sure it is proper. If not, what would "Going Nuts" be, properly translated? Thanks for ...
3
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0answers
39 views

How would you translate γέγονεν in John 1:15?

I'm translating the 15th verse of John 1, and I'm curious to know the nuances of translating the phrase ὁ ὀπίσω μου ἐρχόμενος ἔμπροσθέν μου γέγονεν, and especially the word γέγονεν. Below is the NA28 ...
4
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1answer
77 views

Is there a Greek word meaning to purr?

I've heard that there is no known verb for purring (of a cat) in Greek. Is that true? Any qualified guess as to what verb a Greek might have used?
3
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2answers
71 views

Is ulcantur a subjunctive of ultus?

I have a prayer I say every morning. It includes the word ulcantur. I can't find a translation. I think it is a subjunctive for ultus? O Piisima Virgo Maria, quæ caput serpentis contrivisti, protege ...
1
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1answer
30 views

What are auscultatores?

In honor of the last broadcast of the Nuntiī Latinī: Nuntii Latini Radiophoniae Finnicae Generalis, qui inde ab anno millesimo nongentesimo undenonagesimo (1989) iam triginta annos septimanatim ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Branches of Roman military in Latin

The military force of a country is often divided in branches such as an army, a navy, and an air force. There are many other branches out there, but the point is that I am looking for a division of ...
4
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2answers
88 views

What is a “sockpuppet”?

Inspired by a recent meta question, which I had to write in English for lack of appropriate Latin vocabulary: A "sockpuppet", on the internet, is an alternate identity someone creates for nefarious ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Proper way to say “Traveler's Writ/Licence/Certificate”

I am looking for more or less the 'proper' (or any good approximation) way to translate a "Traveler's Writ," as in a certificate or license given to a traveler that allows him legal access to an area. ...
4
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2answers
79 views

The meaning of 'belgicare' in Notker Balbulus

What is the meaning of the obscure verb belgicare or belgico? Background Notker Balbulus of St. Gall (c. 840 to 912) writes this verb in a letter/epistle to a certain Lantbert, wherein Notker ...
2
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1answer
114 views

Does Latin “pingo” relate to “pix”? [closed]

Does Latin "pingo" to paint relate to "pix" tar by analogy with "pango" to agree and "pax" peace?
3
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1answer
46 views

Can I submit a manuscript with 'submittere'?

As a scientist, I frequently find myself submitting a manuscript to a journal for peer review and hopefully publication. What would be a good Latin verb for this sense of "submit"? It could also be a ...
3
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2answers
320 views

Does “aurea” have the second meaning?

Does "aurea" have the second meaning? http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/morph?l=aurea&la=la#lexicon aurea doesn't mean "the bridle of a horse" in the following context in my opinion: "...
4
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2answers
100 views

Can one create a diminutive of a truncated form of “frater”?

In Spanish we have the word mano for hermano ("brother"), and that form can give the diminutive manito, when the brother is very small (less than one). In Latin, like in Italian, it might be possible ...
7
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1answer
648 views

Translating 'Liber'

I'm new to Latin (in the first semester), and recently found myself tripped up when reading a text from another student in my class, which was: ille liber mihi nunc bonum est Whether it was lack ...
4
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1answer
62 views

What should we call the space beyond the world?

To the Romans, if I understand right, the word caelum "sky" incorporated everything above the earth: the atmosphere, the space beyond it, and even the thrones of the gods. But nowadays we divide ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Why is the phrase “horror vacui” commonly interpreted as “nature abhors a vacuum”?

Why is the Latin phrase: horror vacui commonly interpreted as: nature abhors a vacuum? It may well be Aristotle's intended message, given the context, but it seems like a bit of a jump. Doesn't it? ...
4
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1answer
80 views

What would a Roman call modern necromancy?

Originally, the word necromantīa referred to a sort of divination using ghosts, like what Odysseus did on his journey home: he made an offering and summoned the shade of Tiresias, in order to ask him ...
7
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1answer
135 views

The opposing meanings of the word donec?

I saw that "donec" might mean: "as long as", but it also can mean "till". In a sense those are opposing meanings. let's consider this example: I'm happy as long as there is daylight outside I'm ...
6
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4answers
774 views

A latin word for “area of interest”

Looking for a word that expresses "Area of Interest", "Sphere of Interest" basically a word that expresses everything a person may be interested in. Google translate says "Rem" means interest, but ...
8
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1answer
396 views

What is Plautus’s pun about frustum and frustrum?

The word frustum is often mispronounced as frustrum. Wikipedia states that this mispronunciation goes back a long time and a pun about them is included in the works of Plautus. Can anyone direct me ...
6
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2answers
85 views

How were fractions written and pronounced?

In English, when we want to express parts of wholes and certain numbers of said parts, we use fractions consisting of a denominator indicating how many equal pieces an item has been broken or divided ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Is the Latin word verenda a noun? If so, which lexical root it has?

Is the Latin word verenda a noun? If so, which lexical root does it have? Deu.25:11: "Si habuerint inter se jurgium viri duo, et unus contra alterum rixari coeperit, volensque uxor alterius eruere ...
8
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1answer
288 views

Is crescere the correct word meaning to to grow or cultivate?

I am creating a program that helps people learn a growth mindset and “grow” into what they want to become. Is crescere the correct word meaning to to grow or cultivate?
3
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2answers
83 views

What would be a literal translation of “Satan”?

In Ancient Greek, the Hebrew word שָׂטָן (satan, "adversary") is sometimes translated as διάβολος (diábolos, "betrayer") and sometimes adapted as Σατανᾶς (Satanâs). In Latin, it seems like there ...
15
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6answers
9k views

Is Cola “probably the best-known” Latin word in the world? If not, which might it be?

I found this in an ecological park: Cola is actually a Latin word (a scientific one, referring to the plant), albeit its etymology is African. I am curious about whether it is "probably" the best-...
4
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2answers
346 views

How to find the stem of any word?

I am wondering if the stem of every word has an exact form? For example: For the word genus, how could you determine is it gen or gener? For the word līber, how could you determine is it līber or ...
4
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3answers
85 views

Why there are several words for swimming?

The words nō, natō, adnō are all verbs which means to swim. They have their own conjugation respectively. Maybe there are not only three, but I'm not sure. I wonder why there are several words in ...
2
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3answers
133 views

Does 'ipse' truly mean change?

This quote hails from the liner notes to this CD: John Adams's Violin Concerto performed by Leila Josefowicz, David Robertson of St. Louis Symphony Orchestra. Alice Miller Cotter has a BA in Music (...
7
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6answers
1k views

How to say 'striped' in Latin

I'm looking for a way to describe striped cloth — that is, with regular stripes all over, or like the stripes on the flag of the USA. I'm well aware of the stripe on a toga, angusticlavus, etc. But ...
6
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1answer
109 views

In what sense is a university (universitas) a whole?

The word for a university in many languages (not Finnish though!) comes the Latin word universitas. The word appears to mean roughly "the whole", but one might also analyze it along the lines of "...
3
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4answers
116 views

How do you translate: What things, then, will you do?

How do you translate the following sentence: What things, then, will you do? I am particularly doubtful of the translation of "things" here. Would we use res, rei?
2
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2answers
77 views

How would you say “same thing” in Latin?

How would you say "same thing" in Latin? As in the sentence: If only you were feeling the same thing that I feel for you?
3
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1answer
339 views

What would the Romans have called “sorcery”?

In Christian Latin, the word maleficia is used for "witchcraft" or "sorcery": supernatural powers that don't come from God, and are probably associated with demons. A person who uses these powers is a ...
2
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1answer
54 views

An idiom for working as something

I would like to have a good idiom or two to express working in some position. A structure like this seems to be missing from my vocabulary, or at least I don't feel confident enough that what I might ...
6
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2answers
536 views

What is a romance in Latin?

The word "romance" seems to come from Latin, but no similar Latin word appears to mean anything related. Is there a good Latin word for a romance, a kind of an intimate relationship? I cannot think of ...
3
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1answer
24 views

Usage of Exigo, Exigere

Can the verb "exigo, exigere, exegi, exactum," be used to mean "that man will pull through, despite his many injuries?" Wheelocks' translation allows for the meanings of "drive through, complete, ...
20
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3answers
7k views

“Oh no!” in Latin

Are there idiomatic Latin exclamations similar to the English "oh no!" used when one finds oneself in an unfortunate situation? The only thing that I came up with is that I might want to use vae or o ...
5
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1answer
152 views

Can “nemo” be an adjective?

I subscribe to a "Latin word of the day" email, which sends me a random vocabulary word and an example sentence every day. Last night's email had this: pecco, to sin. Nemo accusator caret culpa; ...
4
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1answer
65 views

Please translate: “Bacon Machine” (Apologies in advance for the somewhat silly question)

For a game I'm working on, I'm looking for a phrase in Latin that describes a robot created for the purpose of making synthetic bacon. After looking at Latin grammar books, my current guess as to a ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Understanding the use of “regnavit”

Regnavit is the third-person singular perfect active indicative of rēgnō (Wiktionary) Now, many times this word translated as if present, regnat, which is puzzling. For example, consider Psalm ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Is “eloquii mystici” a correct translation of “sorcerers/enchanters”?

Is "Omnus nos eloquii mystici" correctly written to say "We are all sorcerers/enchanters"? I know there are different ways to say sorcerer or enchanter, but I really want to use "eloquii mystici". I ...
23
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4answers
11k views

How do I say “Brexit” in Latin?

Londinium, Britannia, 284 AD. The military commander Carausius is leading a movement to take Britannia out of the Imperium Romanum. He thinks there is a conspiracy between locals and foreigners to ...
4
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1answer
69 views

What does the f. adjective “tulda” mean?

In the scientific name Bambusa tulda, I would like to know what tulda (tuldus?) means.
3
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2answers
348 views

What is the Latin word for “will”, as in “willpower”?

The English noun "will" has a few different meanings. One is the choice or intention to do something, as in "willing" and "free will": Latin voluntās. Another meaning, though, is more like "resolve" ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Lost and Confused--Supplemental

I am advised to re-submit this as a separate question (had thought, initially, it was just an aside, barely worthy of mention); anyway, North & Hillard Ex. 195: "All order thus being lost, Nicias ...
3
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2answers
175 views

Uter vs. Uterque

The way I learned 'uter' and 'uterque' was as follows. 'Uter' is like the Greek 'πότερος', meaning (in interrogative uses) 'which, of two?' and (in non-interrogative uses) 'either, of two'. I learned ...
3
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2answers
56 views

Trying to come up with a sort of wordplay phrase that translates to “power takes control”

Trying to come up with a sort of wordplay phrase that translates to “power takes control” but uses a Latin word that can mean both takes as in requires and takes as in takes away from you. This is for ...
2
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1answer
53 views

How do I translate “On the Nature of Renewal” into Latin?

I'm trying to create a title in latin: On the Nature of Renewal where Renewal could be exchanged with Rebirth or Regeneration, and Nature is maybe better as Subject. With this structure, I figured ...