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Accusative equals nominative for neuter words – how universal is this and why?

I believe there are no exceptions to this rule. That's what I have always read, and I have never encountered any, neither in Greek nor in Latin, nor even in German. There is an hypothesis about the ...
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16 votes
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Is any animal neuter in Latin?

Ostreum, -i n (seashell, oyster) gave the ancients trouble. There is also a feminine form ostrea, -ae f, and the neutral form was disparaged on the grounds that there were no neutral animal names in ...
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15 votes
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Where do the plurals of locus come from?

As usual, to answer this question we need to step into our comparative linguistics-fueled time machine and go back to Proto-Indo-European times, so we can see what function the ending -a, which we ...
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14 votes

Accusative equals nominative for neuter words – how universal is this and why?

To answer your second question, this rule is completely exceptionless, not only in Latin but in all Indo-European languages (that is, those that have a neuter gender at all). neuter gender always ...
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13 votes
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Why is *dōna* the plural acc. Instead of *donos* like the rest of the 2nd declensions?

Dōnum is neuter; amīcus, fīlius, and ager are masculine. Neuter nouns are always the same in both the nominative and accusative case, in both singular and plural. See this question for more about how ...
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11 votes
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Are there any other neuter words of the second declension that end on -us than "virus"?

Tuomo Pekkanen's Ars Grammatica (a Latin grammar in Finnish) says that the second declension has three neuters ending in -us: vīrus, vulgus and pelagus. They are only used in the singular, and ...
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Is any animal neuter in Latin?

In general, words referring to animate beings were not neuter in Latin. This goes for both words referring to types of humans and words referring to types of animals. (A small number of exceptions ...
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11 votes
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Does Latin have any neuter words for humans?

It depends on how much emphasis you put on "unambiguously refers to an individual human being". I don't know of any examples that are just like παιδίον or Mädchen. Several Latin grammars ...
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9 votes
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Was "Pascha" ever used as a neuter first-declension noun?

Actually Du Cange (Glossarium mediae et infimae latinitatis) records a lot of examples of the neuter form Pascha, -ae, which he seems to prefer. "Orat. et prec. de Pascha annotino" "...
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9 votes

Is it possible to predict the gender of nouns?

I'm not sure this covers all relevant ideas, so any addition/clarification is appreciated. Four ideas that can help you: Regarding logics as to certain types of nouns being predictably neuter by ...
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9 votes

Forms of 2nd Declension Neuter Nouns ending in -ium

Here’s a summary of what most authoritative Latin grammars say on the genitive singular ending of –io stems (Weiss 2009/2011: 222-223; Leumann 1977: 424-425; Sihler ). For the sake of simplicity and ...
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Forms of 2nd Declension Neuter Nouns ending in -ium

Edgar H. Sturtevant's dissertation "Contraction in the case forms of the Latin io- and ia stems, and of deus, is, and idem" (1902) seems to have some relevant info, although I don't know if ...
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Why is -d used instead of -m for most neuter pronouns

There isn't really an answer to the "why" question beyond the fact that in Proto-Indo-European, some of the case endings for pronouns were different from those for nouns, for unknown reasons. Among ...
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8 votes

Why is *dōna* the plural acc. Instead of *donos* like the rest of the 2nd declensions?

This is because of the gender of the noun. Donum is neuter, wheras filius, amicus, etc, are masculine. The plural accusative for 2nd declension neuter nouns is -a.
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7 votes

Why is *dōna* the plural acc. Instead of *donos* like the rest of the 2nd declensions?

donum is neuter, and hence its ending in both the nominative and accusative plural is -a.
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When were neuter nouns used in the vocative?

Defining the vocative: something like "a form used for address" I didn't give a definition of "vocative" in my original question, but it seems like it might be worthwhile, since there are a few ...
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7 votes

Was "Pascha" ever used as a neuter first-declension noun?

Never realized that, but you have an example (nominative-only, though) in ecclesiastical Latin in the hymn Lauda Sion: In hac mensa novi Regis Novum Pascha novae legis Phase vetus terminat ...
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7 votes

Relative Clause of Purpose with Quo

Celerius is the comparative adverb of celer,-is,-e and modifies the subjunctive verb adveniatis.
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Accusative equals nominative for neuter words – how universal is this and why?

For the sake of completeness, it seems worth noting that there's one odd exception. The gerund is a noun derived from a verb, representing an action (for example, volāndum "flying"). For the most ...
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7 votes

Is it possible to predict the gender of nouns?

I was reading a new corpus study on gender assignment the other day - Hoffmann 2016 Gender in Latin and in language typology (in Latinitas Rationes, ed. P. Poccetti). Based on two corpus studies, ...
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6 votes
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Forms of 2nd Declension Neuter Nouns ending in -ium

A full table of "standard" (post-Augustan) -ius/-ium endings would be: M SG M PL N SG N PL NOM -ius -iī -ium -ia GEN -iī -iōrum -iī -iōrum DAT -iō -iīs -iō -...
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5 votes

Is any animal neuter in Latin?

The only exceptions to the rule "all animals must have gendered names" I can think of come with heavy qualifiers. Cete means whales, and it is neuter, but its singular is cetus, which is masculine. ...
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Do any non-second-declension neuter nouns end in m?

Bethlehem, n., indecl. Though a borrowing, clearly does not belong to the second declension. Note that there is also the alternative Bethlehemum, -i, which does belong to the 2nd. I suspect there are ...
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5 votes

Do any non-second-declension neuter nouns end in m?

The etymological explanation (which of course only takes the question a stage further back) is that in PIE, thematic inanimate nouns had the nom./acc. sg. ending *-om, while athematic inanimate nouns ...
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4 votes

Do any non-second-declension neuter nouns end in m?

I hadn't noticed this when I posted the question, but it turned out that the Wiktionary list that I mentioned in the original question contained at least one genuine word of interest. The word jūgerum/...
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4 votes

Accusative equals nominative for neuter words – how universal is this and why?

Feels a little cheap as an answer here, but the auto-generated Related Links suggests to me the excellent Was “Pascha” ever used as a neuter first-declension noun? which provides a possible example of ...
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Do first-declension neuter nouns or adjectives have plural forms?

I just found that Nouvelle méthode pour apprendre facilement la langue latine, by Claude Lancelot (? et al?), which I quoted in my previous question about Pascha, includes this word in a list of &...
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3 votes

How did vulgus get its ending?

There surely is an etymological reason, but unfortunately we don’t know it. Or there is no consensus about it. All grammars mention the three second-declension neuters in -us, pelagus, virus and ...
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3 votes

When were neuter nouns used in the vocative?

Neuter plural in "o tempora, o mores" (Cicero, as classical as you can get).
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3 votes
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How to search for neuters ending in -tus?

I extracted the dictionary file from Whitaker's Words (which admittedly has its flaws) while working on my (beta) Latin-English Dictionary. Though I still haven't developed many advanced search tools,...
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