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Meaning of "dies illa" from Dies Irae

This means "illa" definitely doesn't refer to "dies". But it does! The word dies can be feminine, and it is here. The feminine gender is rarer but it is the typical choice for a special day like an ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
19 votes

Why is suus in the accusative feminine singular in this sentence?

This is a really common stumbling block for those approaching Latin from the background of a language like English, so it merits a careful step-by-step explanation. I'll break my response into two ...
brianpck's user avatar
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15 votes
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Does Latin have a mechanism to disambiguate possessive pronouns of the same gender referring to distinct persons?

Two key mechanisms of disambiguation come to mind: Using hic (latter) and ille (former) is one way. Simple example: "A and B meet. The former eats, the latter drinks." — A et B conveniunt. Ille ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
13 votes

What is the difference between suus and eius?

All forms of se, including suus, normally refer to the subject of the main clause of the sentence. Eius, however, normally does not refer to this subject, but to someone else. So the two words have ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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13 votes

Meaning of "dies illa" from Dies Irae

It is the feminine nominative and refers to dies. It means “that day.” You do not say why you think you can definitely rule it out, but I guess you think dies is masculine, which is indeed the case. ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
12 votes

Is there a gender-neutral pronoun for people in Latin?

It is important to distinguish between syntactic gender and semantic gender. As we all know, a word like centuria, "group of ca. 100 soldiers", is syntactically feminine, but semantically it is ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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11 votes
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Why "quod" and not "quo" is used here?

A relative pronoun agrees with its antecedent in gender and number. Its case is determined by its role in the relative clause. In this case, quod agrees with ferrum in gender (neuter) and number (...
brianpck's user avatar
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10 votes
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Comparing quicumque, quilibet, quisquis, quivis

quisquis and quicumque are relative pronouns, so they introduce a restricting clause: Quisquis es, noster eris. Whoever you are, you will be one of us. ...scilicet omnibus quicumque terrae ...
Marc's user avatar
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10 votes
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The function of "quo" in "Quō quisque est sollertior, hōc docet īrācundius"

Lewis & Short have hidden this in their entry for qui/quae/quod (and not, as I would have thought, in the dedicated entry for quo) – II,E,2,b: Quo, abl. neutr., with compp. (with or without hoc, ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
9 votes
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Do Possessive Pronouns Always Agree with the Thing Being Possessed?

In my opinion, the most likely translation of the sentece is: Our sea has many docks Mare Nostrum was a common name given by the Romans to the Mediterranean Sea around the I century AD, since the ...
Rafael's user avatar
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9 votes
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Unnecessary genitive being used with 'suum'

You are confusing gĕnu, -ūs ("knee") and gĕnus, -ĕris ("origin, lineage, stock"). The latter is a 3rd declension neuter noun, so the accusative singular is the same as the nominative singular. Hence,...
brianpck's user avatar
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9 votes

Does Latin have a mechanism to disambiguate possessive pronouns of the same gender referring to distinct persons?

Yep, it's called the reflexive adjective, suus, -a, -um. It declines like an adjective and goes with the noun it's modifying. Examples: Marcus reads a book. Marcus librum legit. Marcus reads his [i....
cmw's user avatar
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9 votes
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Difference between αὐτός and οὗτος

Yes, the meaning is different. αὐτός, when used in the nominative, is an emphatic pronoun meaning "he himself". So your second sentence would mean "He himself says...", with some implicit contrast ...
TKR's user avatar
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9 votes
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Usage of quidquid: "dominetur piscibus aquatilibus ... et quidquid in terra movetur"

You can't have a dative be the subject of a clause. quidquid...movetur is a new clause. It's something like "rule over...[everything] whatever moves on the land." You don't need to add ...
cmw's user avatar
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8 votes
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Reference with hic, is and ille

You may be able to find nouna...nounb, isb...sed illea, but that's an unusual pairing, and you'd probably want to read it more literally, i.e. "he did X, but the former/latter did Y." The most common ...
cmw's user avatar
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8 votes

A question regarding the agreement of possessive pronouns

Adjectives always agree with the noun they are modifying in case, gender, and number. Since mea is the nominative feminine singular form of meus, mea, meum ("my" or "mine"), it goes with filia and ...
Sapphira's user avatar
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8 votes
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A question regarding the agreement of possessive pronouns

In Latin, an adjective always agrees with the (pro)noun it modifies in gender, number, and case. Since Latin is inflected, position is not an important deciding factor, though it can be relevant. Let'...
brianpck's user avatar
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8 votes
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Is a relative pronoun commonly used as a third person pronoun? (Metamorphoses I.583-587)

Quam here is being used as a normal relative, and could not be replaced with illam, since the relative clause quam non invenit umquam is the accusative subject of the verb esse in the accusative and ...
TKR's user avatar
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8 votes
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Why is -d used instead of -m for most neuter pronouns

There isn't really an answer to the "why" question beyond the fact that in Proto-Indo-European, some of the case endings for pronouns were different from those for nouns, for unknown reasons. Among ...
TKR's user avatar
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8 votes

What is the difference between "ubi" and "in quo" as relative adverbs?

Well, it is a simple answer to the question itself...ubi is not a relative pronoun, even if it is sometimes used as one. Ergo, it is always safe to simply use in quo, as, when translated idiomatically ...
David's user avatar
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8 votes
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Mors mea or mors meī?

Another use of the genitive that you've left out is subjective genitive, which is what this is. These are discussed in, e.g., Gildersleeve and Lodge, Latin grammar §363. Allen and Greenough, New Latin ...
cnread's user avatar
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8 votes
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Interrogative pronouns about animals (Quis aut quid)

Welcome to the Latin Stack Exchange! If you are asking "who" Cerberus is, then Quis is correct since Cerberus is male. If you want to know "what" Cerberus is, then Quid is correct.
Adam's user avatar
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8 votes
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Why "suam" and not "eius" is used in this sentence?

The idea that suus is used when the possessor is the subject is a simplification for beginners. It can be used in a variety of other contexts, generally with a sense along the lines of "her/his ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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7 votes

Expressing the relationship "his" in latin

The general word for "his" (or "hers", or "its", or "theirs") in Latin is eius. This is the genitive singular of is/ea/id, "he/she/it". Those are three separate words, but conveniently they all share ...
Draconis's user avatar
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7 votes

Where did the missing forms of nemo go?

"Nemine contradicente" is a kind of set expression in Latin. The plural forms are probably missing because it sounds goofy, in any language, to say "I spoke with no ones." Ipse loquor Latine ...
Mentifex's user avatar
7 votes
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What does the -met ending mean in "vosmet" or "temet"

It's for emphasis, and older than the use of ipse as an intensifier. From Allen & Greenough §143.d: Emphatic forms of tu are tute and tutemet (tutimet). The other cases of the personal pronouns,...
cmw's user avatar
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7 votes
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Is 'hoc' ever pronounced short?

Based on metric evidence, it was always pronounced "hocc" with a geminated c, but still spelled hoc. I went through all the 124 appearances of the hoc in Virgil's works. Whenever hoc was followed by ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
7 votes

Confused about the use of "quae" as an interrogative word

Quis is used both as the gender-neutral animate question word (i.e. when used on its own: quis est? "who is that person?"), and as the masculine determiner (i.e. modifying a masculine noun: ...
Unbrutal_Russian's user avatar
7 votes

Interrogative pronouns about animals (Quis aut quid)

Quis and quid are both grammatical here, but mean different things. "Quid" is a pronoun meaning "what", and can be used that way even in a sentence with a masculine, feminine or ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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6 votes
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What does the clause "quae suae salvationis causa exstitit" mean?

The key confusion seems to be with quae. It is here the singular feminine nominative relative pronoun. I think it refers to resurrectio; there is also a reading which relates it to dies (Dominica). ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar

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