21 votes

ATM in Vatican City: "Inserito scidulam quaeso ut faciundam cognoscas rationem"

The source of this Latin ATM message, as confirmed is a few profiles (such as this one from the Catholic Herald and this one from The Telegraph) is the lately-deceased Reginald Foster, who was ...
brianpck's user avatar
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19 votes
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What is the significance of the different declensions and conjugations?

It's pretty much arbitrary. There are some standard patterns: first-declension nouns tend to be feminine, second-declension masculine/neuter, third-declension abstract concepts, fourth-declension ...
Draconis's user avatar
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17 votes
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Why "impressa" in Æneid IV.659–60?

Virgil is imitating a Greek construction here, or rather two Greek constructions: the middle voice and the accusative of respect. Greek had a "middle" voice, which in most tenses was formally ...
TKR's user avatar
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17 votes
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What does "enim et" mean?

A quick web search shows that the phrase 'Diabolus enim et alii Daemones' (without the contra) appears to originate from the Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215). The full sentence is Diabolus enim et ...
cnread's user avatar
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16 votes

"Tu quoque, Brutus, mi fili?" Grammar question

I suspect that your friend misremembered the phrase. Concerning the actual phrase that Julius Caesar said, the biographers offer conflicting evidence. Suetonius tells us that Caesar died in silence, ...
brianpck's user avatar
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16 votes
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Why is it "nomen mihi est" for "my name is", but it's "tibi nomen est" for "your name is"?

The Latin Duolingo course is not of particularly high quality. Completing the course will certainly give you some insight to Latin, but every detail of the course must be taken with a grain of salt. ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
15 votes
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Is the Phrase "Sola Dea Fatum Novit" Proper Latin?

Yes, the grammar of this sentence is perfectly fine. It's a very simple sentence composed of subject, object and verb. Sentence Outline Subject: Sola dea - The subject needs to be nominative here. ...
ACR's user avatar
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14 votes
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Why are descriptive subjects in the genitive?

See Allen and Greenough, §343.c: c. An infinitive or a clause, when used as a noun, is often limited by a genitive in the predicate. Neque suī iūdicī [erat] discernere. (B. C. 1.35) Nor was it for ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
13 votes
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Can Latin do Noun-Noun Adjuncts?

Civitatis is actually in the genitive, so it fits the rule you mentioned. The base noun is civitas, which is what civitatis is linked to on Wiktionary.
cmw's user avatar
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12 votes
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Understanding the grammar: «illis Evangelii nuntiandi praebens mandatum»

Christus Apostolos misit ... illis Evangelii nuntiandi praebens mandatum Praebens is a participle modifying Christus: "Christ sent the apostles ... giving...". All the other words you marked depend ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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12 votes
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What's the difference between mutantur and mutamur?

Both are conjugated in the present tense, passive voice, and indicative mood, from the same verb: muto. The difference is that mutamur is conjugated in the 1st person (plural) (“we change”), while ...
Der Übermensch's user avatar
12 votes
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Is there something special about "corpus"?

Here corpora is what's sometimes called a Greek or synecdochical accusative (in Greek the accusative of respect). Stellatus actually goes with the person whose body it is, and the accusative is the ...
cmw's user avatar
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11 votes
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Ars gratia artis

"Art for the Sake of Art" This phrase, quite conveniently, uses the same word order in both English and Latin. Ars, artis (artium) is a third-declension feminine noun. It can mean "art&...
Draconis's user avatar
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11 votes

How to translate the phrase "perfacile factu esse"?

Your translation "he proved to them that completing these efforts was done very easily" is good. To express such things in Latin the supine is a good choice. The supine ablative (like factu) is an ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
11 votes
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How do you parse "futurum est" in Matthew 2:13?

Futurum est is a future active periphrastic form. It is built from futurum, the future active participle of sum (here in the neuter), which by itself means "going to be, about to be". With the ...
TKR's user avatar
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11 votes

Is the Phrase "Sola Dea Fatum Novit" Proper Latin?

Sola dea is the subject, and the subject must be nominative. Fatum is in the accusative, and not the nominative, and must be, since sola dea is in the nominative. It's the direct object, and the ...
cmw's user avatar
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11 votes

"Tu quoque, Brutus, mi fili?" Grammar question

It should indeed be Brute, not Brutus, and the vocative form seems to be far more common if you make an internet search. The person who told that the last words came with Brutus appears to be slightly ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
11 votes
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Why indicative in a indirect question?

This isn't actually an indirect question, but a relative clause: quod dixit "(that) which he said". The two constructions are easy to confuse, especially since English can translate both ...
TKR's user avatar
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11 votes
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"quae haec mihi dōna dedistī"

Quae in that sentence is feminine nominative singular: Now help me, O Venus, who gave me these gifts! The verb is in the second person because it refers to the second person. The syntactic structure ...
Asteroides's user avatar
11 votes
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Why "quod" and not "quo" is used here?

A relative pronoun agrees with its antecedent in gender and number. Its case is determined by its role in the relative clause. In this case, quod agrees with ferrum in gender (neuter) and number (...
brianpck's user avatar
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11 votes
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Grammar of motto "Sancte et Sapiente"

The actual motto of the coat of arms, as indicated on their website and Wikipedia, is "sancte et sapienter" (with an "r" at the end). These are the standard adverbial forms of ...
brianpck's user avatar
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10 votes

Nonne "a fortiori, a priori, a posteriori" solecismi sunt?

In classical Latin, the ablative of comparatives could end on -i, although -e is probably more common. Here are a few quotations that I think must be conceded to contain ablatives: Cornelius Nepos, ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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10 votes
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The three maxims at the Temple of Apollo (Greek)

Ἐγγύα πάρα δ' ἄτη appears to have been a proverb; it is apparently quoted (see fn. 3) in a fragment of Cratinus, an Attic comic playwright (though Cratinus's version seems to have been different, ...
TKR's user avatar
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10 votes
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Translation of "...quae parvas aves capit et est."

Indeed, it means [he] eats; it is a contracted form. It's not very common, nor extremely rare. Lewis & Short even call it "very frequent", which I think is an exaggeration: The contr. forms es, ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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10 votes
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What does "Filiane" mean?

Your analysis is correct: this is fīlia "daughter" + -ne "?". The trick is, -ne can attach to any word, not just verbs. In fact, it usually attaches to either the first word, or the most emphatic ...
Draconis's user avatar
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10 votes
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The function of "quo" in "Quō quisque est sollertior, hōc docet īrācundius"

Lewis & Short have hidden this in their entry for qui/quae/quod (and not, as I would have thought, in the dedicated entry for quo) – II,E,2,b: Quo, abl. neutr., with compp. (with or without hoc, ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
10 votes
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Why or when do we use Genitive to say you're in a place

This isn't a genitive, it's a locative. For certain types of nouns, a bare ablative means "from", a bare accusative means "to", and a bare locative means "at". The ...
Draconis's user avatar
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10 votes

LLPSI: "Mārcus Quīntum ad terram cadere uidet."

This is called an accusative with infinitive construction, or accusativum cum infinitivo in Latin. We actually have them in English as well, though it's unclear how much of that is borrowed from Latin:...
Draconis's user avatar
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10 votes
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Should these "vellus" be "vellerum"?

Vellus is a neuter noun, and neuter nouns have the same form in both the nominative and accusative cases. The proper accusative singular of vellus is vellus. Vellerum, meanwhile, is the genitive ...
cmw's user avatar
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