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23 votes

"Veni, vidi, vici" but in the plural form

The plural form would be simply: Venimus, vidimus, vicimus. This is the perfect tense, so all verbs have the same endings and the nice parallel remains.
15 votes
Accepted

Where do the plurals of locus come from?

As usual, to answer this question we need to step into our comparative linguistics-fueled time machine and go back to Proto-Indo-European times, so we can see what function the ending -a, which we ...
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14 votes
Accepted

How do I specify how many "litterae" or "castra" there are?

You should use a distributive. Cicero, ad Atticum, 5. 3: ibi mihi tuae litterae binae redditae sunt tertio abs te die This works for all such plural nouns, but you should take care over the case ...
  • 17.7k
12 votes
Accepted

When to use ae vs a for plurals?

In Latin, nouns belong to different groups, which are called declensions. The word insula is of the first declension, whereas the word oppidum is of the second declension. Each declension has its own ...
  • 19.1k
11 votes
Accepted

What is the origin of the 3rd-person plural perfect ending "-ēre"?

(This answer is based on Weiss's Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin, which is usually the place to go for this kind of thing.) The most common Indo-European 3pl active ending is -nt(i), ...
  • 29.3k
11 votes
Accepted

Plural of axis mundi

Yes, the nominative plural of axis is axes. Mundi 'of the world' is the genitive singular of mundus 'world', and you probably wouldn't pluralize it in most contexts (presumably there's still only one ...
  • 6,959
9 votes
Accepted

Alea iacta est, plural version?

The plural would be aleae iactae sunt. Alea / aleae is nominative, because it's the subject of a passive verb-form. Note that, if you used the accusative case for alea, the verb would have to be in ...
  • 17.7k
9 votes
Accepted

What is the plural of virus, vulgus and pelagus?

Acc. pl. pelagē occurs in Lucretius, De Rerum Natura 6.619: at pelage multa et late substrata videmus This is simply the Greek plural: the word is a loan of Greek πέλαγος, whose nom./acc. pl. is ...
  • 29.3k
9 votes

How common is the genitive plural ending -um in the first declension?

Leumann (p. 421) mentions two cases: spoken gen.pl. drachmum and amphorum; in dactylic poetry, four-syllable masculine nouns, besides the regular forms, could also have gen.pl. in -um, mostly ...
  • 11.4k
9 votes
Accepted

The best way to say Sinners

See: Does "Ego Peccator" mean "I'm Sinner"? For the plural, it would be peccatores. Scelesti is more "the wicked," which is not the same as peccatores in Christian ...
  • 42.7k
9 votes
Accepted

Why Does Cicero use the Third-Person Singular Instead of the Plural Form?

Cicero does this more than once. In addition to what you found in De oratore, we have ea ratio atque doctrina (also in De oratore) and ratio et doctrina praescripserit (in De natura deorum) ...
9 votes

plural of nouns, example: malum: mala or malums or both?

I'm afraid the website you're looking at isn't about Latin—these are rules for pluralizing Latin loanwords in English. In English, for example, the plural of "index" can be either the ...
  • 55k
9 votes
Accepted

When should nūllus be singular vs plural?

Uncountable nouns will always take the singular, except when they're being thought of as multiple discrete units. For instance, magna pecunia = a vast sum of money, whereas magnae pecuniae = several ...
  • 5,542
9 votes
Accepted

Confiteor unum baptisma: cur utitur forma plurali?

Jam ideō quod ūnum baptisma positum·st appāret numerum plūrālem nōn esse, sed singulārem generis neutrī. Quārē igitur in -a exit? Scīlicet quia vocābulum Graecum est (βάπτισμα), eijusdem dēclīnātiōnis ...
8 votes

What would the singular of a tribes-people like Caledonii be?

Caledonii would be the tribes inhabiting Caledonia, the land. Think Americans and America. The word seems related to Celt, for what it's worth. Grammatically, the singular would be Caledonius, but ...
  • 42.7k
8 votes
Accepted

Where did pluralis-ut-singularis come from in Latin?

There are three commonly recognized types of nosism, in which the plural first-person pronoun is used rather than the singular: the pluralis societatis ("social plural"), pluralis modestiae ("plural ...
8 votes

What is the plural of "telos" as used in English?

According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the first known usage of telos was in 1904, which is fairly recent, relatively speaking. The word doesn't appear in any old dictionaries before that time. Most ...
8 votes

How to decline a whale?

The attested nom. sing. is either the Latinised cetus m., or the borrowed cetos n. In the plural only the borrowed cete n., nom./acc. is attested, but by analogy one would expect gen. *ceton and dat. *...
  • 16k
7 votes

Where did pluralis-ut-singularis come from in Latin?

In addition to Nathaniel's excellent answer, we offer this quotation from Ennius: Liber VII Ennii de Naevio sententia: scripsere alii rem 231 Versibus quos olim Faunei ...
  • 19.1k
7 votes

Plural in 4th declension

The development of the Latin 4th declension seems to be uncertain in several areas. The PIE ancestors of the G.sg. and the N.pl. of -u stems seem to have been *-ows and *-ewes respectively. The ...
  • 4,578
7 votes

What is the plural of "telos" as used in English?

Telea (τέλεα) is a valid Greek plural (not contracted), and it looks better in English: the -a plural is not unusual for Greek (and Latin) borrowings, and the uncontracted -e- is similar to the ...
  • 1,312
6 votes

Why "per capita"?

Apparently an early usage was in inheritance law, in contrast with "per stirpes". Suppose A has children B and C, and B has child D, while C has children E and F. If A outlives his children but not ...
  • 1,556
6 votes
Accepted

μονάδαι as plural form of μονάς

The classical word for "monad" is μονάς, plural μονάδες. μονάδα, plural -ες, is Modern Greek. μονάδαι looks like a pseudo-classical plural of the MG word. Where did you find it?
  • 16k
6 votes

First Declension Singular, Gen or Dat?

Context will answer that question for you. If you say "lands" by itself in English you will likely think of it first in the nominative. In a sentence, though, you might say of the lands, to ...
  • 7,662
5 votes

Why is plural of “mons pubis” not “montes pubum”

Pubes, genitive pubis means (as the dictionary tells us) "the signs of manhood, i.e. the hair which appears on the body at the age of puberty". It does not mean a single pubic hair, but - like the ...
  • 16k
5 votes
Accepted

Singulae aut unae scopae?

This is a tricky thing to explain, but: Unus is the cardinal 'one', which has plural forms that are used with plural-form nouns such as castra and scopae. In such cases it is proper to write una ...
  • 17.7k
5 votes

What would the singular of a tribes-people like Caledonii be?

For whatever they might be worth, there are two inscriptions from Hadrian’s wall mentioning a centurion by the name of Caledonius Secundus, in both instances in the genitive singular. https://...
  • 16k
5 votes

The best way to say Sinners

C. M. Weimer already treated the grammatical issues. However, in light of the fact that this question is tagged classical-latin, and that the author is specifically not looking for a purely religious ...
5 votes

plural of nouns, example: malum: mala or malums or both?

No, only mala is correct. Malums is not a possible Latin form. What website are you using? It seems not to be particularly reliable.
  • 29.3k
5 votes

First Declension Singular, Gen or Dat?

Welcome to the site! The short answer is that without context, many translations of terrae are possible: e.g., "of land," "to land," "lands," "of the land," &...
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