23 votes

"Veni, vidi, vici" but in the plural form

The plural form would be simply: Venimus, vidimus, vicimus. This is the perfect tense, so all verbs have the same endings and the nice parallel remains.
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
16 votes
Accepted

Where do the plurals of locus come from?

As usual, to answer this question we need to step into our comparative linguistics-fueled time machine and go back to Proto-Indo-European times, so we can see what function the ending -a, which we ...
TKR's user avatar
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16 votes
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Why Is This Noun in the Singular?

It is because cunae, -arum, f, is the word for a single crib. The singular cuna is never used. This is similar to how castra is a single camp. Such a word is called a plurale tantum (plural: pluralia ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

How do I specify how many "litterae" or "castra" there are?

You should use a distributive. Cicero, ad Atticum, 5. 3: ibi mihi tuae litterae binae redditae sunt tertio abs te die This works for all such plural nouns, but you should take care over the case ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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12 votes
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When to use ae vs a for plurals?

In Latin, nouns belong to different groups, which are called declensions. The word insula is of the first declension, whereas the word oppidum is of the second declension. Each declension has its own ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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11 votes
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What is the origin of the 3rd-person plural perfect ending "-ēre"?

(This answer is based on Weiss's Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin, which is usually the place to go for this kind of thing.) The most common Indo-European 3pl active ending is -nt(i), ...
TKR's user avatar
  • 31.3k
11 votes
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Plural of axis mundi

Yes, the nominative plural of axis is axes. Mundi 'of the world' is the genitive singular of mundus 'world', and you probably wouldn't pluralize it in most contexts (presumably there's still only one ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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10 votes
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Alea iacta est, plural version?

The plural would be aleae iactae sunt. Alea / aleae is nominative, because it's the subject of a passive verb-form. Note that, if you used the accusative case for alea, the verb would have to be in ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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10 votes
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What is the plural of virus, vulgus and pelagus?

Acc. pl. pelagē occurs in Lucretius, De Rerum Natura 6.619: at pelage multa et late substrata videmus This is simply the Greek plural: the word is a loan of Greek πέλαγος, whose nom./acc. pl. is ...
TKR's user avatar
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9 votes

How common is the genitive plural ending -um in the first declension?

Leumann (p. 421) mentions two cases: spoken gen.pl. drachmum and amphorum; in dactylic poetry, four-syllable masculine nouns, besides the regular forms, could also have gen.pl. in -um, mostly ...
Alex B.'s user avatar
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9 votes

What is the plural of "telos" as used in English?

According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the first known usage of telos was in 1904, which is fairly recent, relatively speaking. The word doesn't appear in any old dictionaries before that time. Most ...
Expedito Bipes's user avatar
9 votes
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The best way to say Sinners

See: Does "Ego Peccator" mean "I'm Sinner"? For the plural, it would be peccatores. Scelesti is more "the wicked," which is not the same as peccatores in Christian ...
cmw's user avatar
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9 votes
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Why Does Cicero use the Third-Person Singular Instead of the Plural Form?

Cicero does this more than once. In addition to what you found in De oratore, we have ea ratio atque doctrina (also in De oratore) and ratio et doctrina praescripserit (in De natura deorum) ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
9 votes

plural of nouns, example: malum: mala or malums or both?

I'm afraid the website you're looking at isn't about Latin—these are rules for pluralizing Latin loanwords in English. In English, for example, the plural of "index" can be either the ...
Draconis's user avatar
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9 votes
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When should nūllus be singular vs plural?

Uncountable nouns will always take the singular, except when they're being thought of as multiple discrete units. For instance, magna pecunia = a vast sum of money, whereas magnae pecuniae = several ...
Kingshorsey's user avatar
  • 6,605
9 votes
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Confiteor unum baptisma: cur utitur forma plurali?

Jam ideō quod ūnum baptisma positum·st appāret numerum plūrālem nōn esse, sed singulārem generis neutrī. Quārē igitur in -a exit? Scīlicet quia vocābulum Graecum est (βάπτισμα), eijusdem dēclīnātiōnis ...
Unbrutal_Russian's user avatar
9 votes
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Why is "astra" in plural in this sentence?

Mathematici Graeci saepe lunam astraque intuiti sunt Greek mathematicians often contemplated the moon and stars. It's plural accusative because the speaker thinks the Greeks thought about more than ...
lly's user avatar
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8 votes

Plural in 4th declension

The development of the Latin 4th declension seems to be uncertain in several areas. The PIE ancestors of the G.sg. and the N.pl. of -u stems seem to have been *-ows and *-ewes respectively. The ...
varro's user avatar
  • 4,688
8 votes

What would the singular of a tribes-people like Caledonii be?

Caledonii would be the tribes inhabiting Caledonia, the land. Think Americans and America. The word seems related to Celt, for what it's worth. Grammatically, the singular would be Caledonius, but ...
cmw's user avatar
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8 votes
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Where did pluralis-ut-singularis come from in Latin?

There are three commonly recognized types of nosism, in which the plural first-person pronoun is used rather than the singular: the pluralis societatis ("social plural"), pluralis modestiae ("plural ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
8 votes

What is the plural of "telos" as used in English?

Telea (τέλεα) is a valid Greek plural (not contracted), and it looks better in English: the -a plural is not unusual for Greek (and Latin) borrowings, and the uncontracted -e- is similar to the ...
b a's user avatar
  • 1,332
8 votes

How to decline a whale?

The attested nom. sing. is either the Latinised cetus m., or the borrowed cetos n. In the plural only the borrowed cete n., nom./acc. is attested, but by analogy one would expect gen. *ceton and dat. *...
fdb's user avatar
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8 votes
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Grammatical number agreement in this sentence

In this sentence, "dies mensis primus" is one noun phrase, serving as the sentence's subject ("the first day of the month"), "nominatur" is the verb, and "kalendae&...
Agnes's user avatar
  • 466
7 votes

Where did pluralis-ut-singularis come from in Latin?

In addition to Nathaniel's excellent answer, we offer this quotation from Ennius: Liber VII Ennii de Naevio sententia: scripsere alii rem 231 Versibus quos olim Faunei ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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7 votes
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Is "Mei Uxor animusque" a correct translation of "My wife and soul"?

Usually an adjective (and here meus works like an adjective) takes the form of the closest referent when used attributively. The masculine plural would be used in a sentence like "the wife and soul ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

In “word x is case y”, what dictates the verb’s number?

I didn't find too many examples, but based on what I've seen, I'd expect "pāstōrem et ovem accūsātīvī singulārēs sunt" (or "accūsātīvī sunt singulārēs") to be a possible wording. A ...
Asteroides's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Is there a singular of 'mānēs'?

Judging by the entry in Lewis and Short, the plural is also used to refer to a single entity. Section I.B mentions examples like manes Anchisae/conjugis/Virginiae/Galbae. The same section also ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

μονάδαι as plural form of μονάς

The classical word for "monad" is μονάς, plural μονάδες. μονάδα, plural -ες, is Modern Greek. μονάδαι looks like a pseudo-classical plural of the MG word. Where did you find it?
fdb's user avatar
  • 17.8k
6 votes

Why "per capita"?

Apparently an early usage was in inheritance law, in contrast with "per stirpes". Suppose A has children B and C, and B has child D, while C has children E and F. If A outlives his children but not ...
C Monsour's user avatar
  • 1,646
6 votes

First Declension Singular, Gen or Dat?

Context will answer that question for you. If you say "lands" by itself in English you will likely think of it first in the nominative. In a sentence, though, you might say of the lands, to ...
Adam's user avatar
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