13

Q1: my first question is whether overlining is the same as "stress"? Not really. The overline indicates vowel length—how long you sustain the vowel sound—which is a component of stress in English. But Latin vowel length is a property of each individual vowel, while English stress is a property of the whole word. For example, pila, pilā, pīla, and ...


11

In addition to Draconis' excellent answer, you may also be interested to know that: The overline is called a macron. Macrons were not used by the ancient Romans, and today they are almost only used in dictionaries and teaching materials. The Romans knew which vowels were long and which were short, and us non-Romans have to learn it by heart. Vowel length ...


8

Most textbooks teach and most people study the Classical one, because it is regarded as the "standard" form with a great amount of ancient literatures. Vulgar Latin is the name for the Latin language spoken colloquially in the ancient times, and there are no systematic resources for it. Ecclesiastical Latin is almost the same with the Classical one ...


7

In Latin, sex is the numeral 6, and doesn't appear to have any other meanings other than as a numeral. Sexus does mean gender, but does not mean 6.


6

Very likely there are more recent examples, but since none have been posted so far: Petrarch, the 14th-century Italian scholar, claimed that he once had in his possession Cicero's two-book treatise De Gloria, which is now lost. If so, that work survived at least until the 14th century. Apparently, though, there is some disagreement about whether Petrarch's ...


3

I suspect you're more interested in the punctuation in Classical Latin rather than Ovid's mss per se and their transmission. With Ovid, we don’t have anything extant really until the High Middle Ages anyway, e.g. https://collections.library.yale.edu/catalog/11403193 However, we do have a much earlier manuscript of Virgil’s Aeneas and Georgica (fragmentary, ...


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