17

The verb Catullus uses is odisse, not odire (from which you would get an imperative odi). This verb only has forms in the perfect system but the meaning is that of the present system. That is, what is the present active indicative by meaning is odi, odisti, odit, odimus, odistis, oderunt — perfect active indicative forms. This is one of the defective verbs ...


14

Joonas's answer is entirely correct, but to give a slightly different explanation: Some verbs in Latin are defective. Some of their forms are outright missing, for no obvious reason. For example, the verb ait "say" is always cited in the third person singular present—because most of the other forms we'd cite don't exist! It has no first person ...


10

To my knowledge, the compounds of jaciō are the only words where this complication occurs. And in Imperial Latin, these words frequently scan with a light initial syllable, indicating loss of /j/ and resyllabification of the final consonant of the prefix, such as /a.bi.ki.oː/. Scholars of Latin seem to differ somewhat in how they explain the heavy scansion ...


9

It's a regular neuter accusative singular form, modifying aevum: ...you alone of the Italians ventured to unroll all of time... The ablative singular form would be omnī. 'Alone (out) of all the Italians' would be something like unus ex omnibus Italis or unus omnium Italorum. An ablative singular wouldn't work here (even if the form were ablative ...


5

You are correct that celerrimus can and should be translated as a noun. Allen & Greenough has a section dedicated to Adjectives used substantively. You don't make it explicit in your question, but it is possible that the real source of confusion is that celerrimus has two expected characteristics: It is nominative, although the surrounding structure is ...


3

In English any verb which syntactically takes a subject can be reassumed by “do”. “I hate cod but she doesn’t” is perfectly natural even though no actual doing is involved. Indeed one of the puzzles of modern Latin languages is that they cannot easily resume verbs. Either they just omit the verb altogether (pero ella no?) or they have to change construction....


2

Libelli is in the genitive of quantity, used after a noun of quantity to specify "of what." In addition to strict quantities like libra ("pound"), Latin uses this genitive with indefinite quantities, often "substantivized adjectives or pronouns in accusative or nominative," e.g. quid, multum, plus, nihil, etc. A classic example ...


1

It appears as if celerrimus is adjectival, in apposition to phaselus, but it's often argued that this is a mistake of transcription : that it should in fact have been celerrimum, as the accusative to follow the infinitive fuisse. After neque, a further acc. + inf. follows fuisse in impetum . . . nequisse praeterire. Phaselus was a kind of long bean-pod, and ...


1

To me the most natural positions for caesuras in hendecasyllabic verse are before either of the consequent short syllables: - - - | u | u - u - u - u. This is similar to how caesuras work in hexameter, never coinciding with with the start of a metron. My preference for reading caesuras like this may have well been influenced by reading hexameter. But, more ...


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