28 votes
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Do *Mundi* and *Mundum* mean different things?

These are the exact same word, and yes both mean "world" but no you cannot substitute them for each other. Latin is a fully inflexional language, which means that the words have endings which change ...
cmw's user avatar
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19 votes
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Latin plural of Curriculum Vitae?

It's the former, curricula vitae. As the article linked in Wikipedia points out, vitarum would indicate that there are multiple lives mentioned per each curriculum. However, vitae as a genitive is ...
cmw's user avatar
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17 votes
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What is the correct way to say "Noctis Avem"?

If you want to say "night bird" with the words "night" (nox) and "bird" (avis), you should say "bird of the night", avis noctis. When you decline this expression, noctis (of the night) remains in the ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
16 votes

What is the logic behind the order of the cases

The Greek - and hence Roman - tradition is to list cases in the order: NOM - GEN etc. Dionysius Thrax (170-90 BCE) is considered to be the first extant record of this system - see a screenshot from ...
Alex B.'s user avatar
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15 votes
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Is the Phrase "Sola Dea Fatum Novit" Proper Latin?

Yes, the grammar of this sentence is perfectly fine. It's a very simple sentence composed of subject, object and verb. Sentence Outline Subject: Sola dea - The subject needs to be nominative here. ...
ACR's user avatar
  • 411
15 votes
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Does Latin have a mechanism to disambiguate possessive pronouns of the same gender referring to distinct persons?

Two key mechanisms of disambiguation come to mind: Using hic (latter) and ille (former) is one way. Simple example: "A and B meet. The former eats, the latter drinks." — A et B conveniunt. Ille ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
15 votes
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Is it acceptable/regular to use diacritics (macron) in written texts?

Latin doesn't have a single standardized orthography. The spelling "perfectio" is a fine way to write the Latin word for "perfection". In fact, a number of people would prefer "perfectio" over "...
Asteroides's user avatar
15 votes
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Could we say "dies mirabilis" as we say "annus mirabilis"?

Yes, dies mirabilis is perfectly valid! You can use the adjective mirabilis with any noun. You have to use the correct form, but that is fortunately easy. In masculine and feminine it's mirabilis, in ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
15 votes
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How to say "To serve, not to be served" in Latin?

Welcome to the site! Non ministrari, sed ministrare (VG Mt 20,28) Is a well-attested phrase with that exact meaning. It literally means not to be served but to serve. The context is Jesus in the ...
Rafael's user avatar
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15 votes
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Why is this a correct sentence: "Iūlius nōn sōlus, sed cum magnā familiā habitat"?

Although it's possible that the verb est has been omitted here, as Adam says, I find it more likely that the sentence really is equivalent to Iūlius nōn sōlus habitat, sed cum Aemiliā et cum magnā ...
cnread's user avatar
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14 votes
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Is "esse est percipi" grammatical, even with infinitives?

The expression esse est percipi is grammatical. Notice that the gerund does not have a nominative form at all. If you want the corresponding nominative (or accusative when there is no preposition), ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
14 votes

Do *Mundi* and *Mundum* mean different things?

The Latin word used for "world" here is mundus. This word has several forms (singular/plural): nominative: mundus/mundi accusative: mundum/mundos genitive: mundi/mundorum dative: mundo/mundis ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
14 votes
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How do I specify how many "litterae" or "castra" there are?

You should use a distributive. Cicero, ad Atticum, 5. 3: ibi mihi tuae litterae binae redditae sunt tertio abs te die This works for all such plural nouns, but you should take care over the case ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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14 votes
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Why *In medias res* and not *In media res*?

You are confusing two words: The noun medium means "center". The adjective medius means "central". In this idiom one goes into "central things". The word res is feminine (the singular nominative and ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
13 votes
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What is the difference between -us and -io?

Unfortunately, it seems that people have tried for centuries to answer this question, with limited success or at least limited consistency. For example: In his 1841 Dictionary of Latin Synonymes, ...
Joel Derfner's user avatar
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13 votes
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What cases were used in compounds?

Though bare-stem compounding is the usual method in Indo-European, compounds with an inflected first member are actually not uncommon in many IE languages. It seems that all cases could be used. For ...
TKR's user avatar
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13 votes
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Shouldn't "decursus" be accusative in Psalm 1:3?

The noun decursus belongs to the fourth declension, not the second. You know this because, if you look it up in a dictionary, the two forms that are given (the 'principal parts') will be dēcursus, -ūs,...
cnread's user avatar
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13 votes

Is the phrase professor emerita grammatically correct?

In theory, the feminine of professor would be profestrix. However, this is a rather awkward formation, and isn't attested classically—the use of -trix on a dental-stem noun is incredibly rare in any ...
Draconis's user avatar
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13 votes

Why is Thesaurus Musicarum Latinarum in the feminine?

Simply, it's because musica is a feminine noun. As to why it might be plural, which is a separate question really, it seems here to mean something more akin to "musical arts." This isn't ...
cmw's user avatar
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13 votes

Caesar's use of 'ad equum'

I assume you mean this quote: Quod cum fieret, non inridicule quidam ex militibus X. legionis dixit: plus quam pollicitus esset Caesarem facere; pollicitum se in cohortis praetoriae loco X. legionem ...
cmw's user avatar
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13 votes

Why the use of "eum" instead of "eius" in

Here's the context: Ancilla ānulum gemmātum in digitō dominae pōnit. In quō digitō? In digitō quārtō, nam ānulus ad eum digitum convenit. My translation: The servant girl places the jewelled ring ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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12 votes

How to emphasize adjectives?

Using nimis (or related words) before an adjective strengthens it, but in a specific direction: nimis frigidus is "too cold", not "very cold". You can also reach a similar tone ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
12 votes
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Dropping "to be" and other verbs in Latin?

It definitely isn't rare, and it definitely isn't found only in poetry. Any good Latin grammar will address this topic. In Gildersleeve and Lodge, Latin grammar, the index entry for esse includes a ...
cnread's user avatar
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12 votes
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Why is 'cum' followed by the dative in this sentence?

It's actually the ablative, not the dative. It's an i-stem, and Latin allows some i-stems to have an ablative singular in ī. I've copied the relevant section from Allen and Greenough below: The ...
cmw's user avatar
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12 votes
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Why the use of "eum" instead of "eius" in

Both eum and eius would be grammatically correct, but they mean different things. Eum (from is, ea, id) when modifying a noun is a demonstrative pronoun. The ring fits that finger as opposed to a ...
Kingshorsey's user avatar
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12 votes
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Why "fiat lux" and not "sit lux"?

Perhaps the following comparison makes this understandable: sit lux ≈ may light exist fiat lux ≈ may light come into existence The English translation "let there be light" is gives a ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
11 votes
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"Ignis solis propinqui"

It's agreeing with sōlis, gen. sg. m.
TKR's user avatar
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11 votes

Is the Phrase "Sola Dea Fatum Novit" Proper Latin?

Sola dea is the subject, and the subject must be nominative. Fatum is in the accusative, and not the nominative, and must be, since sola dea is in the nominative. It's the direct object, and the ...
cmw's user avatar
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11 votes
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When do I use the gerundive vs. participle forms of a verb in Latin?

I think that your question will become a lot clearer when you realize that the gerundive is a participle: specifically, it is the future passive participle. This is thus not a question of choosing ...
brianpck's user avatar
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