These are the exact same word, and yes both mean "world" but no you cannot substitute them for each other. Latin is a fully inflexional language, which means that the words have endings which change depending on their grammatical use. You can compare mundum and mundi to whom and whose. You wouldn't say, "This is me ball" (well, not in Standard English, at ...
It's the former, curricula vitae. As the article linked in Wikipedia points out, vitarum would indicate that there are multiple lives mentioned per each curriculum. However, vitae as a genitive is describing the type of curriculum, and curriculum itself is the object that needs to be singular or plural.
This isn't so confusing if you plug it back into ...
If you want to say "night bird" with the words "night" (nox) and "bird" (avis), you should say "bird of the night", avis noctis.
When you decline this expression, noctis (of the night) remains in the genitive case whereas avis takes the required case.
A more Latin way would be to use an adjective.
I would go with nocturnus (nightly, nocturnal or nighttime).
Yes, the grammar of this sentence is perfectly fine. It's a very simple sentence composed of subject, object and verb.
Subject: Sola dea - The subject needs to be nominative here. Remember that even though two Latin words may be translated with the same English words (so dea and deam are both translated "goddess"), that does not mean that ...
Latin doesn't have a single standardized orthography. The spelling "perfectio" is a fine way to write the Latin word for "perfection". In fact, a number of people would prefer "perfectio" over "perfectiō".
I would not recommend using a macron in a slogan, especially since you are also spelling the word jacet with the letter J. This isn't incorrect from a ...
Yes, dies mirabilis is perfectly valid!
You can use the adjective mirabilis with any noun.
You have to use the correct form, but that is fortunately easy.
In masculine and feminine it's mirabilis, in neuter it's mirabile.
Some words are plural (e.g. Kalendae, the first day of a month), and those require plural forms mirabiles/mirabilia.
If you find a word ...
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Non ministrari, sed ministrare (VG Mt 20,28)
Is a well-attested phrase with that exact meaning. It literally means not to be served but to serve. The context is Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew saying that He (the Son of man) came not to be served but to serve.
Update: it is (arguably) a common choice for mottos. Besides the American ...
Although it's possible that the verb est has been omitted here, as Adam says, I find it more likely that the sentence really is equivalent to Iūlius nōn sōlus habitat, sed cum Aemiliā et cum magnā familiā in vīllā habitat. Latin regulary uses adjectives in the nominative modifying the subject (and also in the accusative modifying the direct object) where ...
The expression esse est percipi is grammatical.
Notice that the gerund does not have a nominative form at all.
If you want the corresponding nominative (or accusative when there is no preposition), you need to use infinitive.
The grammatical structure is the same as in giraffa est alta ("the giraffe is tall").
You are simply saying that something is ...
You should use a distributive. Cicero, ad Atticum, 5. 3:
ibi mihi tuae litterae binae redditae sunt tertio abs te die
This works for all such plural nouns, but you should take care over the case and gender. As with some larger cardinal numbers, it's a common mistake to forget that.
Unae litterae is not necessarily as wrong as ...
Two key mechanisms of disambiguation come to mind:
Using hic (latter) and ille (former) is one way. Simple example: "A and B meet. The former eats, the latter drinks." — A et B conveniunt. Ille est, hic bibit.
The pronoun se/suus usually refers to the subject of the sentence. Simple example: "B wrote a book. A compares his own book with B's." — ...
The Greek - and hence Roman - tradition is to list cases in the order: NOM - GEN etc. Dionysius Thrax (170-90 BCE) is considered to be the first extant record of this system - see a screenshot from Allen and Brink 1980, p. 65 The old order and the new: A case history (btw I strongly recommend this paper - imho it's the best summary of all relevant research ...
Unfortunately, it seems that people have tried for centuries to answer this question, with limited success or at least limited consistency. For example:
In his 1841 Dictionary of Latin Synonymes, Lewis Ramshorn indicates that fourth-declension words derived from the supine "designate permanent conditions," while third-declention words in -tio and -sio ...
The Latin word used for "world" here is mundus.
This word has several forms (singular/plural):
The five grammatical cases are used in different contexts and they are rarely interchangeable.
"Of the world" requires ...
Though bare-stem compounding is the usual method in Indo-European, compounds with an inflected first member are actually not uncommon in many IE languages. It seems that all cases could be used. For Greek, Smyth (who calls these "flectional compounds") offers the following examples (879):
A compound whose first part is a case form, not a stem, is called a ...
The noun decursus belongs to the fourth declension, not the second. You know this because, if you look it up in a dictionary, the two forms that are given (the 'principal parts') will be dēcursus, -ūs, not dēcursus, -ī. Therefore, in your passage, decursus is, in fact, accusative, but plural (= dēcursūs).
Simply, it's because musica is a feminine noun.
As to why it might be plural, which is a separate question really, it seems here to mean something more akin to "musical arts." This isn't really a Classical development, but was probably what the founders of the TML had in mind when they founded it, especially given it's mission:
The Thesaurus ...
I assume you mean this quote:
Quod cum fieret, non inridicule quidam ex militibus X. legionis dixit: plus quam pollicitus esset Caesarem facere; pollicitum se in cohortis praetoriae loco X. legionem habiturum ad equum rescribere.
And when this was done, one of the soldiers of the tenth legion said, not without a touch of humor, "that Caesar did more ...
Using nimis (or related words) before an adjective strengthens it, but in a specific direction: nimis frigidus is "too cold", not "very cold".
You can also reach a similar tone with comparative: frigidior can mean "too cold".
I suggest four ways to emphasize an adjective in the order of my preference:
You are confusing two words:
The noun medium means "center".
The adjective medius means "central".
In this idiom one goes into "central things".
The word res is feminine (the singular nominative and plural accusative happen to look alike), so the adjective has to be in feminine plural accusative: medias.
If you were to use the noun medium instead, you ...
In theory, the feminine of professor would be profestrix. However, this is a rather awkward formation, and isn't attested classically—the use of -trix on a dental-stem noun is incredibly rare in any period.
So most often, in my experience at least, the word professor is used for both the masculine and the feminine. If the professor is female, the noun is ...
Sola dea is the subject, and the subject must be nominative.
Fatum is in the accusative, and not the nominative, and must be, since sola dea is in the nominative. It's the direct object, and the accusative is the case for direct objects. I think you just had your terminology mixed up.
Finally, novit is perfect, not infinitive, of noscere, which is the ...
It's a cardinal number, not an ordinal number, in the original Hebrew. Look at the other uses of the same Hebrew phrase:
Genesis 1:9 (NIV):
And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so.
Genesis 2:24 (NIV):
That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and ...
It definitely isn't rare, and it definitely isn't found only in poetry. Any good Latin grammar will address this topic.
In Gildersleeve and Lodge, Latin grammar, the index entry for esse includes a subentry for 'omitted.' The main section where this topic is treated is 209. It gives a general rule, examples, and then notes, including a note that addresses ...
This is an example of an indirect question, e.g.
I asked where he was.
I know what he did.
I told you what I would do.
Or, as in this case:
"He didn't know what he was writing."
This construction takes the subjunctive with the usual sequence of tenses.
In this case, since the main verb (nesciebat) is imperfect indicative, and therefore secondary ...
Do not only look for “movement” when you see in used with the accusative. In is very versatile and has a lot of meanings that cannot be easily summed up in a few words. A good dictionary will describe them, such as Lewis & Short. Under “II. With acc.” look past letters A (“In space”) and B (“In time”) for C:
In other relations, in which an aiming at, ...
Yes, the nominative plural of axis is axes.
Mundi 'of the world' is the genitive singular of mundus 'world', and you probably wouldn't pluralize it in most contexts (presumably there's still only one world), but should it become necessary to do so, the genitive plural is mundorum 'of the worlds'.
Axes mundi reads correctly to me, for your purposes.
Cogito ergo sum does not mean "seeing is believing". It in fact means "I think therefore I am." Decartes used it as a statement of epistemology: If he can think, if he can conjure up rational process, it follows that he must exist. It establishes the I.
In Latin, there is no nominative of the gerund. What that means is that you'll never see a gerund as the ...