3

How do you translate the following sentence:

What things, then, will you do?

I am particularly doubtful of the translation of "things" here. Would we use res, rei?

1
  • Can you tell us some more context for this question? For example, do you mean a situation like at the end of the movie Rambo 2, or Lyndon Johnson being sworn in as President, or, say, fixing a broken cartwheel? Depending on the situation, a word for "things" may or may not be necessary. – Ben Kovitz Jul 12 '19 at 20:20
1

There is often a temptation to translate word-for-word; as the Romans used fewer words than we do, to express the same meanings, this can be frustrating. Here they might well have said: "quae facies?"; "actiones" would have been understood; "then" unnecessary as, by definition, it is referring to the future, leading to an alternative: "quae facias?" a pres. subj., "what (things) might/ would you do; or, even some imperative force--demanding to know as in "habeas corpus" a pres. subj., not: "you may have a body"; but "you HAVE a body". Jerky & clumsy to us; but, not them.

0

The neuter plural of the Interrogative Pronoun is simplest.

'Then' can be translated in a number of ways:
prorsum means 'then,' 'next,' 'straightaway.'
igitur (usually placed second word) 'then,' 'therefore.'

0

Simply put:

Quas [actionēs] tum (ergo/igitur) faciēs (agēs)?

Tum was the go to word for "then" in out Latin text books at school; facere means to do or make, while agere means do or drive. Actions might be the better word here than things, but I would rather leave it out. In such case use the pronoun, Quae.

4
  • I would honestly leave out things/actions out altogether, though. – Media Matella Lucretia Flores May 10 '19 at 1:00
  • 1
    Just one additional note. Tum fits if "then" is to be taken temporally, but something in the realm of igitur makes sense if "then" is drawing a logical consequence. – Kingshorsey May 10 '19 at 12:23
  • 2
    You would need to modify it to quas actiones, for agreement. But I really don't think tum or actio is appropriate at all. – brianpck May 13 '19 at 13:48
  • 1
    Words in brackets are best left out. Words in parentheses are other words that might better fit. I would still prefer Quae tum faciēs or Quae tum ages – Media Matella Lucretia Flores May 13 '19 at 14:16
0

Rēs gestae, literally "things accomplished", is the term for a record of an emperor's life achievements. Most famously, the funerary inscription of Augustus is called the Rēs Gestae Dīvī Augustī, the "Things-Accomplished of the Divine Augustus".

So if you want to use an explicit noun for "things", I would use the verb gerō, in reference to this:

Quās rēs igitur gerēs?
What things are you going to accomplish, then?

However, I find it more idiomatic to leave out rēs altogether. In that case, I'd use the verb agō, a very general-purpose word for "do":

Quod igitur agēs?
So what are you going to do?

You can also use faciō for "do" if you prefer; the differences aren't huge:

Quod igitur faciēs?
So what are you going to do?

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.