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I was recently reading a work where I became (re)acquainted with the fact that the middle finger can be referred to as the digitus impudicus -- the "shameful finger" -- in Latin.

My question is whether we have classical attestations, anecdotal or otherwise, of the middle finger having the same meaning as it does in many cultures today.

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The middle finger is mostly known from Greek comedy, but it is also mentioned in some Latin sources.

Martial's Epigram 28, lines 1–2:

Rideto multum qui te, Sextille, cinaedum
Dixerit et digitum porrigito medium.

"Laugh at the man who calls you a faggot, Sextillus, and extend your middle finger."

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