Latin pronunciation varies between times and locations, and to some extent individuals. If I want learn a new kind of pronunciation, make sure I have properly switched to a new pronunciation, or want to figure out how exactly someone pronounces Latin, a good example sentence would be great. It would also help demonstrate to students and others how Latin is pronounced.
It should be a sentence or or other short passage containing many features that are pronounced differently in different styles. Prose is better than poetry for this purpose to avoid distortion due to scansion. What would be a good sentence?
This would be similar to the phrase "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" that contains all the letters of the alphabet for the sake of comparing fonts. Note that for the purposes of pronunciation having every letter of the alphabet is neither sufficient nor necessary, as the goal is very different.
Here is a list of features that would be nice to have (differences in parentheses):
- It should contain vowels in different quantities. Ideally, all vowels in both quantities would be nice. (Not everyone makes quantity distinction.)
- It should contain ae, possibly also oe. (Some pronounce these as ē, some as diphthongs.)
- It should contain the consonantal v. Perhaps both consonantal and vocalic v and I would be nice? (Some pronounce v as /w/, some as /v/.)
- It should contain ti+vowel and ci+vowel. (Pronunciations differ.)
- It should contain all of these before e or i: c, g, sc, xc. (Similar to the previous one. I am not sure whether it matters whether the e or i is followed by a vowel.)
- It should preferably contain ph, th, and ch. (Some ignore the H, some pronounce these as aspirates, some as fricatives.)
- It should contain words ending in -m. (Some realize it as nasalization, some as a consonant.)
- It should contain words starting with h-. (Some pronounce it, some do not.)
- It should contain gn in both intervocalic and initial positions. (The two pronunciations are sometimes different, so better track both.)
- It should contain ns and nf. (Suggested by Vincenzo Oliva in the comments; I'm not sure what the difference would be.)
- It should contain an intervocalic s. (Voicing varies.)
- It could contain a sonus medius. (See this question. This vowel sound is spelled variously with i or u.)
- It should contain au. (Some pronounce it as ō.)
- It should contain a y. (Pronunciation might or might not coincide with that of i.)
This is not a strict requirement, but supposed to give you an idea of what I am after. I am also open to suggestions regarding the list.
A simple list of words would also be an option, but I feel the pronunciation of individual words is not quite the same as a whole sentence. Finding a short quote from Cicero with all these features is a tall order, so all nice passages you find from literature or write yourselves are appreciated!