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Questions regarding the pronunciation of Latin words or syllables, or the history of Latin pronunciation.

3
votes
1answer
74 views

How was iī pronounced?

Most of the time, Latin doesn't allow two instances of the same vowel next to each other: forms like *mee (from meus) are replaced with alternatives like mī. However, in I-stem second nouns, the ...
5
votes
0answers
67 views

Is there a difference between prose stress and metric stress?

According to an earlier question, we do not know how stress was realized on classical Latin. It may have been dynamic (stressed syllables are louder), tonal (stress changes pitch), or a combination, ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Is 'hoc' ever pronounced short?

I have learned that the neuter nominative and accusative hoc is actually pronounced as if it were hocc. But was it exclusively hocc? Was it ever pronounced as the hoc that it looks like in the ...
6
votes
3answers
152 views

How many syllables are there in 'mortuus'?

I asked yesterday why the participle mortuus has two us. When Rafael asked whether one of the us were consonantal, I had no other evidence than being taught that they are both vocalic. Arguing by ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Why were the pronunciation of ae and oe special cases in Classical Latin?

In Classical Latin, the diphthongs ae and oe were pronounced as /ai̯/ and /oi̯/, respectively. Why was the letter e in these cases pronounced as /i/ instead of with an /e/ or /ɛ/?
6
votes
0answers
54 views

Accents in compound words and words with enclitics

I've been learning Latin on my own for the last 4 months or so using Wheelock and Moreland & Fleischer. I've not been able to find answers to the following accentuation questions in either of ...
8
votes
1answer
101 views

How is stress realized in Latin phonetically?

I have heard that Latin does not lengthen stressed syllables. If so, are they pronounced louder or with altered articulation, maybe a higher pitch?
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Origin of the reconstructed pronunciation

I know that a common source for the reconstructed pronunciation of latin is Vox Latina by William Sidney Allen, but I've read somewhere that a critical analysis of latin texts and the pronunciation ...
4
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0answers
65 views

GalliJa? Was “i” between consonant and vowel pronounced “ij”?

How was consonant + i + vowel pronounced in Classical Latin - for example, in the words Gallia and diurnus? I googled a bit and found videos sounding for me like [gallija], [gallia] and even [gallja],...
8
votes
1answer
87 views

Latin exclamations ending in “h”

I was writing in Latin recently and was remarking to myself how strange "proh dolor" looks. It seems odd to see a Latin word ending in "h," and a Perseus search for such words reveals (beside Semitic ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Why isn't accentuation recessive in ταμίαι? (Greek)

I have marked in green accentuation below which is not recessive, namely, in ταμίαι, πολῖτα, πολῖται, παρθένος, παρθένε, and παρθένοι. Question: Is there some general principle to explain the lack ...
4
votes
2answers
123 views

Understanding Lewis and Short: Why sūbĭcĭo and not subjĭcĭo?

I just searched for Christmas questions on our site, and ended up reading this question and its answer. There was a mention of the Lewis and Short entry on the verb subicere, and I was puzzled by the ...
5
votes
3answers
185 views

Latin phonetic dictionary

I'm starting to learn Latin on my own and I have trouble with pronouncing words correctly very often. Does anyone know of a Latin dictionary with the IPA transcriptions of Latin words, preferably with ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

Pronunciation when adding -que [duplicate]

Wheelock's Latin says: In a word of two syllables the accent always falls on the first syllable: sér-vō, sáe-pe, ní-hil. In a word of three or more syllables, the accent falls on the next to ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How to know long and short vowels if it is not marked? [duplicate]

Latin has vowels which are long and short. The long ones are marked by a dash on the top of the letter. How do I know how to pronounce the letters if the long and short vowels are not marked in a text?...
7
votes
1answer
59 views

Stressed syllables in certain prefixed verb forms

I've managed to confuse myself about which syllables to stress in prefixed verbs of two syllables, the first one being short (e.g. circumdare or alloquor). Do I stress the penultimate syllable in each ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Is the B voiced in “abs”?

I recently came across the Wiktionary page for abstemius and I was genuinely surprised by the pronunciation guide. It says that in classical Latin the B is the unvoiced /p/ instead of /b/. Is this ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

How does one pronounce 'Servilia'?

I am giving a presentation on women in Rome, and one of my chosen women is named Servilia, the mother of Brutus. I was curious how to pronounce her name, as I know Romans used the letter 'v' to ...
7
votes
0answers
95 views

When did equus regain its first U?

I learned from this question about sequundus > secundus that -quus was in fact pronounced as if it was -cus. However, words like equus were not spelled as ecus, since most oblique cases would still ...
6
votes
2answers
248 views

How was “VV” pronounced?

Most instances of vv in Latin seem to fall into three categories: It's in the combination qvu or ngvu, as in eqvus, pronounced /u/ It's actually vu, a consonant followed by a vowel, as in parvus It's ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

How did the Romans pronounce their language?

Ever since I started learning Latin, I had a question: how did the Romans pronounce Latin? Not the word, but the language in general. To make it easier for you to answer, please compare their ...
6
votes
2answers
444 views

How is “Et” pronounced?

How is "Et" prounouced. As in "Et tu Brute?" I've heard it pronounced "et to brutay?" and "ay to brutay".
6
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0answers
79 views

Reviewing the evidence of the spirantization of β (betacism) in Greek

I originally submitted this question to the Linguistics beta site, and those users recommended that I ask anything related to Greek here. Although I understand that it is impossible to assign a ...
5
votes
3answers
304 views

Resources for pronouncing Latin

What resources are out there for learning to pronounce Latin? Latin was pronounced differently in different places and eras, so resources for any part of the spatiotemporal realm of Latin are welcome. ...
4
votes
2answers
238 views

What would be the etymologically Greek spelling of 'misogynoir'?

I asked this at another language Stack Exchange but was directed to here instead. I wasn't too sure how best to phrase the title of this question, so hope I can better explain it in this body. For ...
6
votes
2answers
659 views

The pronunciation of Greek “γ”

How is the γ in verbs like γιγνώσκω and γίνομαι pronounced in ancient Greek? Is it pronounced like g in get or like g in gem?
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does “ῤάρος” have a smooth breathing?

I recently discovered that LSJ lists exactly two words beginning with ῤ (rho with a smooth breathing mark): ῤάρος and its diminutive ῤάριον. Most beginning Greek students are taught, of course, that ...
11
votes
1answer
122 views

Greek pronunciation, invisible aspirations

Is there any evidence that aspirations that are as a result of composition no longer orthographically marked were still pronounced? Or to the contrary? I mean was προαίρησις pronounced proairesis or ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Can anyone translate speech from a recording?

I have a short audio sample in Latin, but cannot make it out. Can anyone provide a transcription and translation of what it says? Here's a link to the audio file on Google Drive.
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Pronouncing “Superfluus”

From fluere, su(short)perfluere means to overflow. However, I'm not sure how the adjective superflu(first u short)us is pronounced. My guess would be that both final Us are short, but why are they not ...
7
votes
2answers
247 views

Stress and vowel length

When pronouncing a word in classical Latin, should the heavy syllable and all other long vowels be lengthened, or just the heavy syllable? For example: fació, is it pronounced [fa:kio:] or [fa:kio] ? ...
8
votes
2answers
646 views

Is pronouncing 'th' as 's' in 'Boethius' typical in any common Latin pronunciation scheme?

I'm listening to lectures by theologian Douglas Kelly (Medieval Theology, lectures 7 and 8), in which he repeatedly pronounces the name Boethius as: boh-EE-see-us (how it sounds to me) /boʊˈiːsiəs/ (...
11
votes
3answers
229 views

How to transliterate 中文 in Mandarin pronunciation to Latin?

I am working on an art project that I would like to collect the hundreds of different transliterations of 「中文」 zhōng wén in Mandarin Chinese. (Pronunciation available here: https://translate.google....
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Vowel compensation for intervocalic -ss- > -s-

I was recently reminded (by this question) that intervocalic single -s- turned into -r- by rhotacism, and later new instances of intervocalic -s- were produced from -ss-. If the vowel preceding -ss- ...
7
votes
4answers
684 views

Is “s” between two vowels voiced or unvoiced?

I am phrasing the question as an absolute though I am well aware that the answer could be "we don't know" or "depends on your pronunciation." I often hear church choirs pronounce miserere with a ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Different ways to accent active aorist infinitives ending in 'αι' (Greek)

I have noticed that active aorist infinitives ending in 'αι' may be accented in three different ways in Attic Greek, as follows (all from wiktionary.org): As if the final 'αι' were short: ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

How to place a second stress on a long word

In terms of stress, what should I do with a long segment anterior to the stressed syllable of a long word? An example would be: comperiēbātur --where I have emboldened the stressed syllable as I ...
7
votes
0answers
108 views

Which mora of a stressed long vowel or diphthong bears the emphasis?

When a stress falls on a long vowel or a diphthong as in, for example: dīcō (IPA /ˈdiː.koː/) coepiō (IPA: /ˈkoe̯.pi.oː/) should I think that the emphasis: falls on the first mora, falls on the ...
6
votes
1answer
164 views

Why do some words from Latin have an English V and others not?

How did English words like vocal, vision, and victory come to be pronounced with a modern v unlike wine, wall, and worm?
10
votes
1answer
846 views

How to pronounce “mihi” in a Magnificat?

This question came up recently in my choir: how should we pronounce “mihi”? The sentence is from a psalm: Quia fecit mihi magna qui potens est. We’ve encountered it in two Magnificats, the first ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

Pronunciation of “Priapus”

How is the name Priapus pronounced in Classical Latin? I don't know if the primary stress is on the first syllable (Pri) or the penultimate (ap).
22
votes
1answer
2k views

Why “ex nihilo” instead of “e nihilo”?

I was helping a friend earlier with an English-to-Latin translation and we started talking about the prepositions "a(b)" and "e(x)", which lose their consonant if the following word begins with one [...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Rules of syllabification [duplicate]

In Latin Grammar, Robert J. Henle wrote (p. 2), Accent. a. In words of two syllables the accent is on the first. vía; béllum b. In words of more than two syllables, if the second last ...
11
votes
2answers
253 views

Did the Romans confuse a long vowel with two short ones?

Consider the words sūs and sŭŭs. The former has one long u, the latter has two short ones in two syllables. For another similar pair with a different vowel, consider īmus and ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

pronunciation of 'Via Galactea'

How to pronounce 'Via Galactea'? Could you write it in international phonetic alphabet?
7
votes
2answers
741 views

How did the Romans pronounce roman numerals?

As I understand it, their notation (subtractive notation?) is quite hard and tedious to work with even for its natives. In fact, many numbers are themselves math problems. How did they speak of their ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

Where can I hear the original pronunciation of the Latin alphabet?

Is there a difference between the pronunciation of c, k and q in classical Latin? If they are all the same, why have three different letters for the same sound? Also, if x is pronounced just like ks, ...
6
votes
2answers
109 views

Mons Mensae pronunciation

How to pronounce Mons Mensae? Could you write it in international phonetic alphabet? I think that will be [Mʌns Mensæ]... Is that right? P.S. I intended the constellation known as Mons Mensae.
5
votes
2answers
361 views

Did an internal m nasalize the preceding vowel?

We know that the final m was not a full consonant in classical Latin, but denoted nasalization and elongation of the preceding vowel. See this or this old question for more details. Was this effect ...
13
votes
2answers
190 views

How to read mathematics out loud?

Reading symbolic mathematical expressions out loud in any language is mainly folklore: everyone in the field knows how to do it but finding explicit written instructions is surprisingly hard. I have ...