Basically, your second option is correct. There is the Vatican's Lexicon Recentis Latínitátis, referred to in the comment, but its approach to Latin is very idiosyncratic; debates over neologisms often get incredibly acrimonious, if you can believe it, but there are (VERY roughly) two schools: the "Ciceronian," in which making up words for concepts that didn'...
The word to use is probably macellum. Lewis & Short offers:
macellum, i (macellus, i, m., Mart. 10, 96, 9), n. root μαχ-; cf. Gr. μάχομαι, to fight; cf. μάχαιρα, μάχη, and mactāre; prop. butcher's stall, shambles; hence, transf., meat-market, provision-market (where flesh, fish, and vegetables were sold). Lit.: venio ad macellum, rogito pisces, Plaut. ...
There have already been a few answers, but I have always liked the Morgan and Silva Furman University Lexicon, so here are the terms it gives for "cafe":
thermopolium, -i, n.
This corroborates Ben Kovitz's answer, and provides several other options. The last few options were ...
I can think of many ways of going about this, but for such an unapologetically modern idea I think the best approach may be to observe how other related modern languages have solved this problem and extrapolate how a similar transformation might work.
French, though, seems to be a hold-out: I have ...
Languages don't usually have flags
Very few languages have flags per se.
For example, the Finnish flag stands for Finland, a constitutionally bilingual country, not the Finnish language, which is also spoken outside Finland to some extent.
There is no flag for the Finnish language.
Nor for English as far as I know.
Some languages can be easily identified ...
Probably you refer to the event that involved the speakers Mario Capanna and Otto von Habsburg. Capanna was an extreme left-wing Italian member, who made a speech in Latin in the session of November 13th, 1979. It seems that one of the few to understand his speech was the Euro MP Otto von Habsburg, a direct descendant of the Royal House of the Austro-...
I would suggest that if the Romans knew about coffee, it would most likely come via Greek, since coffee originated even further to the East in Ethiopia. The Modern Greek word for "cafe" is καφενείο, so I would suggest remodeling that as a Classical Greek καφενεῖον and then Latinizing that. I think either caphenion or capheneum would be acceptable.
David Morgan's lexicon (warning: big file) suggests citatus, -a, -um for "express" in this context. His suggestions for "express train" are:
tramen* citatum, hamaxostichus* citatus
(The * indicates that it is a modern word found after AD 1400. I won't comment on which is better, since that's not really the OP's question.)
Here are some sample uses:
Fieri solet ut charta mundatoria sit in capulo binis modibus ponenda. In vulgus gratus est modus quo charta procidit summo de volumine. In altero modo retro decidit charta iuxta parietem.
I think that you need to keep it simple, without inventing such a word as orientatio. Would cursus be neater, do you think?
Roman letters often included the name of both sender and recipient in the greeting. Take, for example, Cicero's letters to Atticus.
Scr. Romae m. Quint. a. 689 (65).
CICERO ATTICO salutem
Scr. Asturae it Id. Apr. a. 710 (44).
CICERO ATTICO S. D.
Scr. in Cumano a. d. v K. Mai. a. 710 (44).
After searching for classical words that were used to similar effect, I have two suggestions for the word account: breviarium and summarium.
My preference is for breviarium, which means "a summary, abridgment, abstract, epitome" and which, when combined with rationum, means "statistical view". Here are some example usages:
Commentarios, quos desideras, ...
As I've mentioned elsewhere, I'm not a huge fan of Vicipædia, and this is part of the reason why. Technologia informátiónis is fine as far as a literal translation of the words, but it feels very un-Latinate. I'd go for something like ars computátrális or the simple word computátrália.
Certainly, ius indicates the right to take some sort of action, so I should think that either ius itineris ('right of route') or ius transitus ('right of crossing') would be generally suitable as a traffic instruction (and, being more direct and powerful, preferable to using facultas, another possibility).
For the party conceding right of way, transitum ...
Regarding Linux, there seem to have never existed such OS (but non existence hard to prove). As this is an open-source OS, it is based on collaboration, and as such, translation are made by enthusiasts of a given Language. There have been efforts in the past, like KDE and Gnome, but both seem dead.
The only project I could find to be still "alive", albeit ...
As you say, the concept of digits is only meaningful if you are using Indian/Arabic numbers. These became known in Latin Europe by the 12th century, and with them the use of “digitus” for the numbers from 0 to 9. This usage is not classical, but it is of respectable antiquity.
I am a novice student of Latin. I found the following summary from the Department of the Classics at the University of Illinois in Urbana - Champaign rewarding. I've reproduced it here in part, and highlighted in bold some of the parts that I believe address your request. I note this is not my personal nor anecdotal experience.
Why Study Latin?
OLD defines the noun crepitus as 'A short sharp sound or a succession of such sounds, a creaking, cracking, crashing, clashing, etc.'
This noun and related words are used to cover a fairly wide range of phenomena, such as the rattling of arrows in a quiver, the chattering of teeth, the fall of hail of a roof, the clicking of a bird's bill, the crackling of ...
According to the Morgan and Silva Furman University Lexicon, you have two options for the entry "form (document with blanks to fill in)":
formula -ae f.
Now, schida formularia is specifically marked as a modern word (after 1400 AD), and formula is obviously classical in origin, and there is evidence in Livy that suggests it had a similar ...
I found a 15th century Medieval inscription that abbreviates to the last two numbers of the year (cf. "Summer of '69"):
HIC IACET DOMINUS WILELMUS MEDELEY ABBAS HUIUS MONASTERII XII QUI OBIIT XII DIE MENSIS DECEMBRIS ANNO [DOMINI MILLESIMO QUADRINGENTESIMO] SEPTUAGESIMO TERCIO CUIUS ANIME PROPICIETUR DEUS AMEN.
Here lies the Sir ...
I'd say cōnectere is the verb you're looking for:
I.to tie, bind, fasten, or join together, to connect, entwine, link together (class.; most freq. in part. pass. and the trop. signif.); constr. with cum, inter se, the dat., or absol.
Additionally, to connect with is often a synonym for to network in English.
There's modern usage precedent, too. The ...
This was cited in the answer to a recent question as the de facto standard for Latin technology vocabulary by C. M. Weimer.
Acording to it, the verbs corruo and collabor are enough for a soft crash. L&S cites corruo as to fall, sink to the ground and with an active meaning of someone to ruin sth. Meanwhile, collabor is more explicit in meaning to fall ...
Also die constituto, as in Sallust, Bellum Iugurthinum 13.9:
igitur ubi legati satis confidunt, die constituto senatus utrisque datur.
A quick look in Lewis & Short shows numerous examples of the idiom diem constituere from Caesar, Sallust, Terence, and others.
Pekkanen's dictionary suggests salve advenis/advenitis or bene adveneris/adveneritis, but I found no classical attestations of these.
These are understandable phrases, but I don't know how canonical they are.
I dug around and found some relevant phrases in the literature that you might want to build on:
Plautus, Trinummus, 1097: et salve et salvom te ...
Crepidinem seems most suitable for 3 reasons:
crepidinem is the most visually interesting in English
This assessment is, of course, subjective, but aesthetics are subjective, and a major factor in word choice in translation. (In my case, this term makes me think of delicious words like crepuscular, incites curiosity as to the meaning, and ...
The Oxford English Dictionary indicates that the O in audio, video and radio comes from the O found in Greek compounds, which was used in scientific vocabulary built from Latin and Greek roots: e.g. audiology or radiometer.
Note that the Etymonline entry for audio actually seems to say the same thing:
abstracted from word-forming element audio- (q.v.), ...
As mentioned by kkm, there are multiple levels of senior care in the United States. I actually volunteer often enough at one such facility. At this place there are three tiers of care available.
The people here are almost completely independent, and can do and go practically anywhere. They receive basic medical care through the provision of ...