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Why do so many names end with -us?

In Latin, -us marks the name as being (likely to be) masculine and the subject of a sentence. When Latin names are used in English, the second part is treated as irrelevant, but the association with ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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8 votes
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Adjectives in dictionaries

When you see an English word in the dictionary, you can make a good guess as to how its other forms will look: the plural of spoon is almost certainly spoons, the dictionary doesn't have to list this ...
Draconis's user avatar
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5 votes

Why do so many names end with -us?

In the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) reconstructed language *-os used to be the first case ending for many masculine nouns (o stem nouns). In Greek you can witness this directly still today. In Germanic ...
Vladimir F Героям слава's user avatar
4 votes

Adjectives in dictionaries

Depending upon which type of adjective there will be different endings. For example, from Smith's smaller Latin dictionary. For your specific question the -us, -a, -um endings for 1st and 2nd ...
fantome's user avatar
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3 votes
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Translating plant names used attributively

Using the genitive singular of mālum seems to be common and perhaps the safest choice. I don't think it necessarily means "the juice/flower of one apple"; I think it can be interpreted as &...
Asteroides's user avatar
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3 votes

Was suffix -alis derived from alis or alius? Or are they unrelated?

As far as I know, they're unrelated. De Vaan derives alius from PIE *h₂el- "other" (compare Greek allos, Latin alter), which makes perfect sense. He doesn't list -ālis since it's not a ...
Draconis's user avatar
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2 votes

Was suffix -alis derived from alis or alius? Or are they unrelated?

Wiktionary offers: From Proto-Indo-European *-li-, which later dissimilated into an early version of -āris (e.g., mīlitāris). Perhaps connected to *h₂el- (“to grow”) (cf. the sense of indolēs, from ...
Ben Kovitz's user avatar
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