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30 votes
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Why "ex nihilo" instead of "e nihilo"?

That's actually not a rule. ab and ex can lose their consonant, but in fact it's far more common for them not to. Check out Lewis and Short's entries on them: ex/e ex always before vowels, and ...
cmw's user avatar
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20 votes
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Are the two cums related?

The similarity is a coincidence; these words are unrelated. Etymological dictionaries such as De Vaan's give the following account of the two words: The earlier form of the conjunction cum is quom; ...
TKR's user avatar
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13 votes
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What's the correct way to say, in Latin, "creation within God" & "creation through God"?

Here are the Vulgate versions of the two verses you mention: Colossians 1.16: quoniam in ipso condita sunt universa in cælis, et in terra, visibilia, et invisibilia, sive throni, sive dominationes, ...
TKR's user avatar
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13 votes
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Can you place "et" inside a prepositional phrase?

An alternative way to phrase the question is to ask whether a preposition should be repeated after et. I went through a book for all the examples of et used with prepositions in a way that would allow ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
12 votes
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Translation of “in” as “and”

The passage comes from Cic. Fam. 9.4, namely from a letter to Varro. Apparently others have translated as you would expect: If you have a garden in your library, everything will be complete (...
Rafael's user avatar
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11 votes
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What is the difference between Ob and Propter?

The causal meaning of these two prepositions developed separately, so the history of their usage is a bit complex. But in Classical Latin and after, while some authors used the two interchangeably, ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
11 votes
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Prefix chaining in Latin verbs

For what I know, the double prefixation beginning with per- is the most productive (I quote only a few examples): perincertus [per+ in + certus] (Sall. hist. 4,1,2 [Gell. 18,4,4]: perincertum ...
qwertxyz's user avatar
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11 votes
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"With respect to" in mathematics

There is one word that seems to fit the bill: quoad. Although this word has a temporal ("as long as") and spatial ("as far as") meaning, Lewis and Short also gives the following meaning: B.3: With ...
brianpck's user avatar
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11 votes
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Semantic difference of ablative and accusative cases when following "in"

Do not only look for “movement” when you see in used with the accusative. In is very versatile and has a lot of meanings that cannot be easily summed up in a few words. A good dictionary will describe ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
10 votes
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Are prepositions really never used with cities?

It was recognized even in antiquity to be solecism: [Quintilian 1.5.38] To avoid all suspicion of quibbling, I will say that a solecism may occur in one word, but never in a word in isolation. There ...
cmw's user avatar
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10 votes

What is the latin preposition for "Upon"?

“Call upon” is a phrasal verb, which you cannot translate by translating its constituents. The Latin translation will usually not be the same sort of verb+preposition pair as in English. You can look ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
10 votes
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"redire ad" or "redire in"

There's a difference between the two. Using ad properly would indicate that Medus wished to go up to but not necessarily into his native country. This is why it works with people: you go to people, ...
cmw's user avatar
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10 votes
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Domino notus erat: Agent ablative without a preposition?

Domino is dative, not ablative. English has the same idiom: 'known to the master.'
cnread's user avatar
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9 votes

What's the correct way to say, in Latin, "creation within God" & "creation through God"?

If I may supplement TKR's answer: Colossians 1:16 is decidedly ambiguous. The Greek original has: ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ ἐκτίσθη τὰ πάντα, τὰ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς καὶ τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, τὰ ὁρατὰ καὶ τὰ ἀόρατα, εἴτε ...
fdb's user avatar
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9 votes

Would it be good Classical Latin style to always use the preposition "ab" and never "ā"?

Lewis and Short provide some guidance on the limitations of the pre-consonant use of ab: [ab] has become the principal form and the one most generally used through all periods—and indeed the only ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
9 votes

How do I best translate "A big window into history"?

Whether you say fenestra magna or magna fenestra is up to you – both is absolutely fine in Latin. If you go with fenestra at all, I recommend using the preposition ad, because there is a precedence ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
9 votes
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Is ἐν changing to ἐμ or ἐγ only a thing in Attic?

It does not actually state that. It says that when they're used as prefixes: When the prepositions ἐν and σύν are used as prefixes, they retain these forms when the verb begins with a vowel. When the ...
cmw's user avatar
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8 votes

Would it be good Classical Latin style to always use the preposition "ab" and never "ā"?

Here is a relevant passage from the second-century (CE) grammarian Velius Longus: antiquos scimus et abs te dixisse: nos contenti sumus a te dicere. scimus ipsos et ab Lucio dixisse: nos observamus ...
TKR's user avatar
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8 votes

E pluribus unum or Ex pluribus unum?

The general rule for the use of e and ex as prepositions can be found in Latin grammars like Gildersleeve's: Ē is used before consonants only, ex before both vowels and consonants. (§417.6) Lewis ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
8 votes
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In memoriam: why not "in memoria"?

As L&S put it, in their classic textwall style (entry for in, II.C.2): Of the object or end in view, regarded also as the motive of action or effect: “non te in me illiberalem, sed me in se ...
Draconis's user avatar
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8 votes

Are the following "prep. + accusative"'s used for location?

The idea that accusative means motion toward, ablative means location or motion away from, can be a good rule of thumb. There are some prepositions, like in and sub, which can take either case; in ...
Draconis's user avatar
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8 votes

Which senses does ob have in the following words?

You are mistaking stand-alone preposition ob (which would be used before nouns) with prefix ob- (which was used to derive new words, primarily verbs). Latin, Greek, German, Slavic languages widely use ...
Arfrever's user avatar
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8 votes
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How do you say "on" as in "The book is on the table."?

My first instinct was to use Liber in mēnsā est. In fact, there are several sentences of this exact form in Hans Ørberg's introductory Latin reader, Lingua Latina per se illustrata, capitulum quartum: ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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7 votes
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Can conjunctions be used to join prepositions with the same object?

DRN 2.393: aut quia ni mirum maioribus est elementis / aut magis hamatis inter se perque plicatis. This one is somewhat dubious. It could be analysed as an adverb. I think the problem is that ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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7 votes
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Concerning the Verbal "From"

They're all different uses! Different verbs will have different constructions, and you cannot, as a rule, ever do a one-to-one correspondence based on English's idioms. Take "take away," for example. ...
cmw's user avatar
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7 votes
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Is 'extra' an adverb or preposition here?

You are correct that extra is a preposition here. Although it can be an adverb, it has a clear object here that would not make syntactical sense otherwise. This particular argument follows Spinoza's ...
brianpck's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why did Cicero switch from "abs te" to "a te" in his later works?

It seems to be a case of simple regularization. As L&S point out, abs is rarely used before a word other than te; a Packard search yields only ten such cases vs. 277 of abs te (and two of the ten ...
TKR's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why would the prae­po­si­tion "per" ever take an ab­la­tive in­stead of an ac­cu­sa­tive com­ple­ment?

The L&S entry is pretty clear, in my opinion. Per takes the accusative, but it has mistakenly been used with the ablative. It cites two examples from later inscriptions: Inscr. Miseni Repert. ex ...
brianpck's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why is it to say 'paucis post diebus'?

In this case, post is being used as an adverb, not a preposition; essentially, it's being treated as a comparative adverb*, and the ablative paucis diebus is expressing the 'degree of difference,' as ...
cnread's user avatar
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