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The distinction between ‘Republic’ and ‘Empire’ owes a great deal to convention among historians. When the Principate was first established by Augustus it did not, to the legalistic Roman mind, abolish the Republic, but merely continued it. Not until AD69 did it finally become clear that the reversion to rule by one man was irreversible, and at this point it ...


5

Traupman's book is great for a lot of things, but there are some things he seems just to have made up (as far as I can tell), and administer, minister seem to be among them. I think there's a sense of the subordinate in those words that doesn't mesh well with the meaning you're looking for. I'd go with præfectus here— —unless you wanted to use archon, which ...


5

I don't think that you will find much in Latin during the period of change that discusses the transformation. There are clues to opinion, as you might expect, but the change was more accidental than deliberate — like so much in the preceding history. To deal with your second question from another standpoint, I'd like to offer a second, different kind of ...


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