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Fortuna (the goddess) favors the daring. The capitalization of the F is not a mere oversight. It is to distinguish between the goddess Fortuna, and the concept of fortune.


I'm doubtful that the diaeresis would be used in this way: you can't generally break diphthongs into two short vowels metri causa. There are occasional examples in Homer of disyllabic scansion of what in Classical Greek terms would be a diphthong, e.g. ἐύ for εὖ, but those are archaisms, not applications of a productive rule. That said, the accentuation ...


According to Hagen 1994, the etymologically expected form of the accusative was Ζῆν (compare Latin diem), but this became Ζῆνα by analogy with regular third-declension nouns. It's unclear if the original author of the epics understood the accusative as Ζῆν or Ζῆνα, or if it was changed through the years in later recitation, or what exactly. Almost all ...

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