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W. Sidney Allen's famous Vox Graeca, which is well worth the time of anyone with a more-than-casual interest in Greek pronunciation, has three-and-a-half pages' worth of things to say about the subject, which I will attempt to summarise. It's uncontroversial that from quite early in the Archaic period through the late 4th century BCE, ζ represented [zd] in ...


I'm afraid the answer is no. All these changes happened within English; trisyllabic laxing is a purely English change. For example, the vowel lengths in Latin are dēcīdō and dēcīsiōnem: the relevant vowel is long in both. The Latin vowel length, note, is very seldom relevant in English. When a Latinate word appears in English, it usually came through Romance ...


decido and decisio(nem) both have a long i in the second syllable. I do not understand why you think these words are evidence for a "trisyllabic laxing" in Latin.


I think poetry is the biggest data source indicating that hiatus was usual in Latin for i e u + vowel. In the stage of the language that was ancestral to the Romance languages, both i and e were reduced when unstressed to a glide [j] before a following vowel. However, the gliding process doesn’t seem to have worked quite the same as in modern Spanish/...

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