10 votes
Accepted

'Conclusio sequitur ex premissis' or 'sequitur conclusio ex premissis'?

I give some real examples taken from medieval latin: ex his praemissis haec sequitur conclusio (Saint Lawrence of Brindisi) sequitur ex praemissis ista conclusio (Ockham) haec / ista conclusio ...
qwertxyz's user avatar
  • 2,906
10 votes

Nonne "a fortiori, a priori, a posteriori" solecismi sunt?

In classical Latin, the ablative of comparatives could end on -i, although -e is probably more common. Here are a few quotations that I think must be conceded to contain ablatives: Cornelius Nepos, ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 19.9k
8 votes

What semantic notions underlie ex/in-tēnsiō with the logical meanings of ex/in-tension?

I will keep this answer about Latin only. For developments in other languages, please ask on another language site. The philosophy or linguistics sites might also be options for related questions. ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
8 votes

Caeteris paribus

The third part of Descartes's Principia Philosophiae (pg. 78 of this edition) contains a more literal translation of "all things unchanged": Si autem caeteris immutatis, contingat ut minuatur illa ...
brianpck's user avatar
  • 40.7k
8 votes
Accepted

How to say, "Many are not one?" Pluribus non paribus unum?

The sentence has more than one possible meaning in English that might slightly alter the way you may want to translate it into Latin. Suppose that you want to put emphasis in something like the fact ...
Rafael's user avatar
  • 11.4k
7 votes
Accepted

What is "philosophy" in Latin?

Latin does indeed use the term philosophia, -ae, from the Greek φιλοσοφία,. Romans acknowledged that this was a Greek term: Ita fit ut mater omnium bonarum rerum sapientia, a quoius amore Graeco ...
brianpck's user avatar
  • 40.7k
6 votes

Nonne "a fortiori, a priori, a posteriori" solecismi sunt?

My impression is that fortiori, priori and posteriori are ablative forms, but they have been declined badly — from the classical point of view. Making this mistake is quite easy. Both -e and -ī ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes

How do you translate “the principle of explosion” into Latin?

First off, the actual principle was usually called ex falso quodlibet or ex contradictione quodlibet in Latin philosophy literature. That said, if you want a literal translation of "principle of ...
user12237514's user avatar
6 votes

How do I say "Humanism" in Latin?

English humanism (or more precisely, Italian umanesimo) is effectively a calque of (Cicero's conception of) hūmānitās, which itself is hūmānus (not homō, though the words must be related) +‎ the ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
  • 10.1k
5 votes

Why did the Romans link Autumn with earth and melancholy, Spring with air and sanguine, and Winter with water and phelgm?

The (Pseudo-)Hippocratean treatise “On the nature of man” proposes the theory of the four humours (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and the imaginary black bile) as an explanation not only for diseases, ...
fdb's user avatar
  • 17.8k
5 votes

Recommendations for "easy" philosophical/political Latin?

I find Cicero's De Natura Deorum fairly easily decipherable. The subject matter is less abstrusely technical than much philosophical writing, and the fact that it's written as a dialogue, or really a ...
TKR's user avatar
  • 31.3k
5 votes
Accepted

Modus Barbara, Modus Celarent, et Modus Darii: (Modi Barbara, Celarent, et Darii)?

For those unfamiliar with this terminology, this question refers to medieval mnemonic names for syllogisms, mostly drawn from Aristotelian logic. All valid syllogisms, along with their names, are ...
brianpck's user avatar
  • 40.7k
4 votes

Eleatic arguments (argumenta Eleatica)?

"Eleatica" indeed seems to be the correct way to refer to the "Eleatic school," founded by Parmenides. This book includes on pg. 62 a section titled, De Secta Eleatica. Although I can find no ...
brianpck's user avatar
  • 40.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Is it correct to say, "Additionem in prima, secunda, et tertia syllogismi"?

Given that syllogismus is masculine, and to indicate anything over which you exercise an activity you have to use in + ablative, if I have correctly understand what you mean, the correctly translation ...
qwertxyz's user avatar
  • 2,906
4 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between an adjective ending in -alis and a genitive (in particular in Philosophia Naturalis/Naturae)?

The difference is not big. I would argue that the semantic difference between philosophia naturalis and philosophia naturae in Latin is the same as between "natural philosophy" and "...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
4 votes

What is the word for "reason" and what resonance does it have in Roman culture?

In his book, De Inventione (and also De Natura Deorum), Cicero discusses the process of rational thought and he generally uses the word ratio to mean reason as an abstract process. For example, Ac me ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 6,800
3 votes

"axiology" in Latin

I gather axiology is about the things people value rather than value in the economic sense, so pretium is inappropriate, and while valor is presumably nearer the mark, it is not attested Classically—...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
  • 10.1k
3 votes
Accepted

Opposite for desideratum to mean "something not wished for"

If you find something not wished for (desideratum), then surely it is irrelevant? The word for this, then, is alienus, whuch used substantively becomes alienum. Otherwise, a phrase such as nihil ad ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
  • 18.1k
3 votes
Accepted

What is the "apparatus fontium"?

Apparātus is a very general-purpose word in Latin, but in classics and textual criticism, it refers to extra material that an editor has attached to a work; I'd translate it as "footnote". For example,...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67k
3 votes

What does causa procurans mean?

I think it could be a peculiar type of cause, such as causa efficiens, causa materialis, etc, philosophical concepts from Aristotle, widespread in medieval philosophy and theology. See this passage ...
Iacopo Volpi's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Variation on Descartes' famous phrase

Cogito, ergo sum – quod sciam (“...as far as I know,” made famous by Winnie ille Pu).
Batavulus's user avatar
  • 1,103
3 votes

How do you translate “the principle of explosion” into Latin?

“The principle of explosion” is a modern metaphor. In the time when Latin had a significant population of native speakers, nobody would have used it. In any way you decide to express it in Latin, you ...
Dario's user avatar
  • 3,246
3 votes
Accepted

Ergo, ex nihilo aliquid et ex nihilo nihil fit

Your translation is correct and proper.
cmw's user avatar
  • 54.6k
3 votes

What semantic notions underlie the prefixes 'con-' and 'de-' (+ notare) with the logical concepts of 'con/de-notation'?

I think there is a simple explanation for these two meanings: noto, -are, the base word, means "to signify, indicate, denote." Denoto The prefix de- can mean many things, such as "down" or "ending." ...
brianpck's user avatar
  • 40.7k
2 votes

Ergo, ex nihilo aliquid et ex nihilo nihil fit

Your translation is fine, but a Roman may have preferred to express the shared prepositional phrase only once, perhaps like this: Ex nihilo igitur fiunt et aliquid et nihil.
Kingshorsey's user avatar
  • 6,605
2 votes

How to translate "by means of utterance"?

I am not sure how well this would work for a paper written in English, but as far as Latin goes I would use an ablative of means. An ablative of means, like the name suggests, tells the means by ...
Kevin Miller's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Qualitas, whatness and whichness

When asking which of a set, then quis is used with a pronoun in the genitive. For example, quid horum (which of these?) or quis vestrum (which of you?). If there are only two objects then uter can be ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 6,800
1 vote

What does causa procurans mean?

In your second citation Iudaei vero et Iudas ut causa procurans it seems to me the meaning is something akin to "executive power" (this is of course wrong historically and terrible theology, ...
Batavulus's user avatar
  • 1,103
1 vote
Accepted

Meaning of "naturam unibilitatis"

It seems to me like you answer your own question. The word is quite precise and certainly not going to be found in classical dictionaries, but specialist dictionaries contain the word. The Thomas-...
brianpck's user avatar
  • 40.7k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible