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7

There aren't any special uses involved here; your incorrect assumption is that embolum (navis) aeneum is accusative -- in fact it's the nominative subject of finiebat. Literally, "one part of which a sort of (quasi) bronze beak of a ship completed". The Latin idiom is different here from how we'd say it in English, which is what makes this clause confusing, ...


6

According to Bennett's New Latin Grammar, #178, the recommended approach when making these constructions passive is to make the person the (nominative) subject and to retain the thing in the accusative. (See also this blog post) Thus, in your example: te rem doceo becomes rem a me doceris and Me sententiam rogavit becomes Sententiam rogatus ...


4

Cassell's "Latin Dictionary" specifies auxilior can be used, as you said, with the dative, or in a construction with contra plus the accusative. However, that's not really auxilior taking the accusative itself. The construction you suggest as "I help you by/in doing this" sounds like it would be ablative of means by which, not accusative. Short answer, I'...


3

As in English, the presence of a direct object seems to commonly be treated as evidence that a -ns word is a verbal participle rather than a departicipial adjective. "The use of the present participle in Livy", by Alice E. Johnson (1915) gives this as a criterion (pp. 4-5). Johnson ultimately defines the distinction between participle and adjective in ...


3

The OLD says the following: "usu. dep. in pres. system, active in pf. system. Dep. pf. mostly post-Augustan."


2

Seems to me we're dealing with what I've usually seen mentioned as "relational accusative" or "Greek accusative", something that is usually restricted to pronouns and you could also find in the standard interest or opus est construction. When you encounter one, you are most likely able to render it as "concerning sth" (limitation), but I would not exclude ...


1

I think the confusion, here and on the previous question regarding degrees of comparison, stems from conflating syntactical and semantic approaches. Syntax focuses on structural relationships. In syntax, something is called adjectival if it modifies a noun. That modification can be either attributively (within the noun phrase) or predicatively (in a ...


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