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33 votes

How to write 13 in Roman Numerals (Unicode)?

In most cases, you should write 13 as XIII and not use any of the precomposed numbers, because the precomposed numbers up to 12 in the Unicode standard are intended for a small set of special use ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
32 votes
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What was the symbol used for 'one thousand' in Ancient Rome?

The shortest answer is, often they didn't use anything! Roman numerals weren't frequently used for numbers greater than a thousand; accountants doing math with big numbers would have alternate systems ...
Draconis's user avatar
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21 votes

What is the word for number "0"?

Classical Latin does not have a word for, or a concept of, “zero”. Fibonacci in about 1200 used the term zephirum, a transcription of Arabic ṣifr “empty”, then “zero” as a calque on Sanskrit śūnya “...
fdb's user avatar
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18 votes

Does it make sense to display a decimal number such as 12.34 as Roman numerals? If not, how else?

In general, if you're going for authentic Roman numerals, you'd have to convert the decimal portion into one of the fractions that a Roman would use – or a sum of those fractions. Obviously, this is ...
cnread's user avatar
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15 votes
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Why was ante tribus translated as "fifteen years ago"?

Lustrum has several meanings, but that which applies here is the period of five years which elapsed from census to census. The phrase is actually lustris ante tribus, or 'three lustra ago'. A good ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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14 votes
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How do I specify how many "litterae" or "castra" there are?

You should use a distributive. Cicero, ad Atticum, 5. 3: ibi mihi tuae litterae binae redditae sunt tertio abs te die This works for all such plural nouns, but you should take care over the case ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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14 votes
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What does the "Roman" numeral Ɔ represent?

The most likely reading (which seems consistent with the look of the piece of the book shown and the dates found for other books published by Caspar Beller by a quick Google search) is that the C is ...
gmvh's user avatar
  • 3,004
14 votes

Is there a Latin word for 225th anniversary?

"Bicentennial" is not actually Latin; it's just English. It doesn't even come from a Latin word. In particular, bicentennial is an Americanism, and the more common word in England was (is ...
cmw's user avatar
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13 votes
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Are "sex" and "sexus" etymologically related?

The gist of Au101's answer is confirmed by de Vaan's Etymological Dictionary. First, regarding sex, in Proto-Italic and Proto-Indo-European, he gives: PIt. *seks 'six', *seks-to- 'sixth' PIE *(s)...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
12 votes

Which Roman Numerals were used to express extremely large numbers in Classical Latin?

Well, there's the story from chapter five of Suetonius' life of Galba about how Tiberius cheated Galba out of his inheritance: Observavit ante omnis Liviam Augustam, cujus et vivae gratia plurimum ...
Joel Derfner's user avatar
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12 votes

How to write 13 in Roman Numerals (Unicode)?

Sebastian Koppehel has already supplied a very good answer (the current version of the Unicode standard is 15.0.0 and he linked to version 6.0.0 but the specs are unchanged in this respect). However, ...
Dario's user avatar
  • 3,246
12 votes

What is the word for number "0"?

Just an addendum, but you can translate "zero" as nullus, -a, -um when it's used in sentences like, "I have zero pigs." The Romans would say: nullos porcos habeo. But in English, ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 55.3k
11 votes
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Do Roman numerals stand for something?

My old Latin teacher jokingly taught that it's all based on hands. I for a single finger; V for the shape of the space between the thumb and the fingers when a palm is put up; and X for the shape of ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 55.3k
11 votes

Are "sex" and "sexus" etymologically related?

No, I don't think so, and for this I can actually rely on etymonline which is a fine resource, even if linguistics students are discouraged from using it for their homework. The entry for the English ...
Au101's user avatar
  • 323
10 votes

Is there an adjective for "of eight years, eight years old"?

The word is octennis. You can say puer octennis – but it's an extremely unusual word and not classical. More common ways to express the idea are: puer octo annos natus – an eight year old boy puer ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
9 votes
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How did the Romans pronounce roman numerals?

As Eleshar pointed out in a comment, the Roman numeral system is more flexible than many sources let you believe. However, the rigid system usually taught in schools actually does have a kind of ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
9 votes
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What is the correct Latin prefix for 'two-and-a-half-times'?

There is a very common word in Latin that literally means "two and a half": sestertium, -i. This comes from semis + tertius, the idea being (I suppose) that it is "half-way to three [from two]." This ...
brianpck's user avatar
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9 votes
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Is unius an irregular genitive?

Many pronouns have this kind of genitive form Genitives in -ius exist for a fairly small number of Latin words. I'm not sure of the exact amount. I would say that the stems that take this kind of ...
Asteroides's user avatar
  • 29.3k
9 votes

What is the word for number "0"?

https://www.translate.com/english-latin says it is nulla. Is it correct? No, it isn't. Nulla is classical Latin for nothing. It's one thing that the Romans could've used instead of the number zero ...
lly's user avatar
  • 776
9 votes
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Which word was used in formal speech instead of "bini" (pairs), if "bini" was impolite because of sounding like the Greek f-word?

Based on Cicero's Ad Fam 9.22, you mean? Cum loquimur "terni," nihil flagiti dicimus; at cum "bini," obscenum est? "Graecis quidem," inquies. Nihil est ergo in verbo, ...
Draconis's user avatar
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8 votes
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An error message in Latin for my programming language

I suggest numerus pravus for 'incorrect' and numerus nimius for 'too large'.
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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8 votes
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Does Latin have any words for specific numbers apart from the numbers themselves (akin to the English "dozen", for example)

I can think of at least these two: decuria: A group of ten things or people centuria: A group of a hundred people (not things), especially a military unit of 100, later 60 men
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
7 votes
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Comparing decem and -decim

It might be a type of metathesis: *undecem > *undicem > undecim. This is apparently irregular, but metathesis often is. I don't know for sure, but I was able to find a source that suggests this, ...
Asteroides's user avatar
  • 29.3k
7 votes

1 to at least 200 Latin list cardinal numbers

For numbers between 100 and 1000 you can just take the components out of the Wikipedia table you found. ascendit Simon Petrus et traxit rete in terram plenum magnis piscibus centum quinquaginta ...
Glorfindel's user avatar
7 votes

1 to at least 200 Latin list cardinal numbers

Here is a nice list of Latin cardinal, ordinal, adverbial and distributive numerals going from 1 to 1,000,000 (continuously to 1,000, then with gaps): https://www.arndt-bruenner.de/mathe/scripts/...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
7 votes
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Correct pronunciation of full Latin dates

There is probably no fixed standard, and I am not sure there is any authority that might set one. I believe many Latin speakers do not leave out the anno. However, when Pope Benedict XVI announced his ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
7 votes
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How big is "duas partes decimarum"?

As Allen & Greenough 135e explains, When the denominator is one greater than the numerator, only the numerator is given. duae partēs two-thirds trēs partēs three-fourths, etc. So, duas partes ...
Kingshorsey's user avatar
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7 votes
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How do you use a numeral as a genitive substantive?

One way to express "the nine" is to use one of the number-based nouns borrowed from Greek: mŏnăs dy̆ăs trĭăs tĕtrăs (L&S marks the first vowel long, probably due to the long ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Is there an adjective for "of eight years, eight years old"?

Just to supplement Sebastian's answer, octoni is the distributive adjective for octo and it means "eight times" or "eight at a time." It is not the same type of word as septuennis. ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 55.3k

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