Questions tagged [new-latin]

Questions regarding Latin in the modern era, approximately 1400–1900

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What is the modern day pronunciation of v in Latin as in van or as a w? And is the c soft as in cellar or hard as in cat?

What is the modern day pronunciation of v in Latin (as in van) or as a w sound? And is the c soft as in cellar or hard as in cat?
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7 votes
2 answers
546 views

Help with two very simple but opaque gobbets of neo-Latin

I write again asking for help with two passages of Lawrence of Brindisi. Christus autem virga est divinae virtutis : [examples of biblical virgae]. Sed virga ista facta est diversorum colorum, albi ...
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5 votes
1 answer
129 views

Gender of Street Names and Village Locations

I can find references on the gender of countries and cities, but nothing on street names or small locations (say within a village). Transcribing Manorial Records of the late 17th century, I have a ...
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6 votes
1 answer
235 views

Transcribing Latin with or without ligatures -- is there an agreed convention

I'm working on the transcription of some late seventeenth century English Manorial Court Rolls in Latin. They're heavily abbreviated. In some places the scribe has visibly written a ligature in e.g. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
63 views

Synchronization primitive in latin

I want to translate in to latin some of the names for the synchronization primitives I am programming. https://www.cs.columbia.edu/~hgs/os/sync.html Semaphore was quite easy, since it means a ...
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6 votes
2 answers
88 views

Wondering about a very simple construction

all—I find myself scratching my head over a very simple neo-Latin construction. Saint Lawrence writes: "tam vili pendendus est Christus ? tam parvi faciendus ?" For sense, I want to parse ...
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2 votes
4 answers
114 views

Neolatin and contemporary Latin dictionary

What are some good, reliable English–Latin dictionary of Neolatin and contemporary Latin. The best one I've found so far is Morgan's Lexcon of Neo-Latin and Contemporary Latin Usage on the Paideia ...
9 votes
1 answer
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How do you say ‘switch’ (noun) in Latin?

I am trying to figure out a good way to express switch in a Latin, such as a light switch or in my case, a figurative switch: a list of boolean selectors to choose from. Creating a nōmen actiōnis ...
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3 votes
1 answer
103 views

Identifying a Latin abbreviation/symbol

While transcribing and translating some late 17th century Manorial Court rolls I have come across a frequently recurring symbol. I've referred to Capelli's The elements of abbreviation in medieval ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Unde orta est sententia "Simplex sigillum veri"?

A little googling reveals that Simplex sigillum veri—"Simplicity is the seal of truth" or "The simple is the mark of the true"—is best known as the motto of Dutch physician ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Translating words in a Manorial Court Roll of 1699

The proceedings in Manorial Courts in England before 1733 were recorded in Latin. I'm currently transcribing and translating a set of such documents dated 1699 (to the best to my ability -- I last ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What does "arcularia" mean in the species name "Nassarius arcularia"?

I encountered the species name Nassarius arcularia and I'm very confused about its construction. Per Wikipedia, this name refers to a species of "nassa mud snails" or "dog whelks". ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How do you say 'same to you' as a reply to a greeting?

Greetings in Latin may use different adjectives ('bonum', 'faustum', 'felicem', etc.), just as in Romance languages; e.g. in Spanish the New Year greeting may be 'feliz año', 'buen año', 'próspero año'...
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4 votes
1 answer
113 views

Non est non ens scire

I was reading Niccolo Cabeo's Philosophia Magnetica (1627), p. 180 and found this line: ...quicquid reclamet Aristoteles: non est non ens scire. The context is regarding experiments, and how some ...
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12 votes
2 answers
952 views

Infinitive main verb in Newton's Three Laws of Motion

Isaac Newton expressed his three laws of motion as follows: Corpus omne perseverare in statu suo quiescendi vel movendi uniformiter in directum, nisi quatenus a viribus impressis cogitur statum illum ...
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7 votes
1 answer
533 views

How should "Haec Fracastorius." be translated?

In William Gilbert's De Magnete (1600), while he writes about electricity and the amber effect (the tendency for amber, when rubbed, to attract bits of chaff) he quotes Hieronymous Fracastorius (...
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8 votes
2 answers
816 views

What does the word "recusus" mean in book titles?

A bit of a mystery here (for someone not very well-versed in Latin at least). I often encounter the word recusus in book titles of the post-classical period, usually but not always in conjunction with ...
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7 votes
2 answers
386 views

What is the subject of "venit" in this sentence from Naufragium?

Reading Naufragium by Erasmus (1523), I came across this sentence. I include the whole sentence for context, but I'm only asking about the part in bold: Circumspicienti tandem venit in mentem de ima ...
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12 votes
0 answers
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the kiskis and kankan debate: primary sources

There's a very famous story about how in the middle of the sixteenth century the Sorbonne University filed a legal claim to the Parlement de Paris re: the correct pronunciation of qu- in Latin, viz. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What are the verb conjugation names called in Latin?

What are the terms in Latin for the Latin verb conjugations? I would like to also know the Latin for the mixed conjugation (or if preferred that known as the io sub conjugation) and any term for verbs ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Translation of a scientific title

I need to translate the following title of a scientific paper into Latin – indeed, Neo-Latin, with neologisms, but keeping classical grammar as much as possible. It is: 'On the influence of dark ...
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9 votes
3 answers
717 views

Is it grammatically correct to attributively use nominative forms of nouns in New Latin?

There are some muscle names in New Latin that seem to be nouns as far as I can tell, such as flexor and extensor. However, according to several Wikipedia articles for these muscles, they behave as if ...
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10 votes
1 answer
166 views

Latin for "ground meat"

Trying to translate a cooking recipe into Latin, I stumbled upon the ingredient “ground meat” and wondered how to best render this in Latin. Since ground meat is not actually, well, ground (molita, ...
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6 votes
1 answer
152 views

More detailed translation of a passage

In the book «Elementos de Retórica» by the 18th-century Spanish priest and latinist Calixto Hornero, there is the following sentence (link to 1815 edition): Cernere est plurimos, qui sibi parum ...
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3 votes
2 answers
230 views

Does anyone know what the New Latin adaption of iens (family to eo) was?

I am guessing jens since j was the most common heading alphabet for replacing i as a first letter. Addendum for clarity: One of New Latin's nominations was the adjustment to spelling of certain words, ...
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to say "black market" in Latin?

How does one say "black market" in Latin? According to the OED, this word first originated in English in 1727.
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2 votes
2 answers
89 views

Translation help: Prospero Mandosio on Ottavio Durante

Preliminary note It was suggested I could split the question into several questions. If the community thinks this is a better approach, do let me know in the comments, and I will split it into two or ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Is this word "manuducant" a typo or an obscure word?

I have the following sentence from Euler's De Serie Lambertina (I've already asked half a dozen questions about this paper), and one of the words manuducant (manvdvcant), shown in the snippet below, ...
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4 votes
1 answer
98 views

Confusing translation for Euler

In this sentence from Euler's De Serie Lambertina, I'm having trouble deciphering the meaning (§ 20, p. 40): At vero quomodo vicissim series Lambertina ad aequationem trinomialem perduci queat, ...
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10 votes
1 answer
802 views

How to pronounce "Roterodamus"?

The adjective roterodamus means “of Rotterdam” (the city in Holland). To lovers of Latin, unless they entertain an unusual interest in Dutch geography, the word is familiar probably primarily because ...
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3 votes
2 answers
248 views

Sentence with gerund or gerundive and infinitive

I'm trying to translate the following: [...] quem autem valorem aliter nisi appropinquando cognoscere non datur. Which comes from Euler (De Serie Lambertina/e). But I'm having trouble sorting out ...
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5 votes
3 answers
185 views

What was the decision regarding this Paris convent in 1561?

This is the decision of the General Chapter of the Dominicans regarding some trouble in the Paris convent in 1561. Fratres vero Antonium Abeli magistrum et Dominicum Sergent ut indignos denegamus, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
50 views

How should this infinitive clause and this ut clause translate?

The sentence from Euler's De Serie Lambertina I'm working on now has the following form: Praesenti autem forma hanc seriem exhibere est visum, ut litterae A et B inter se permutabiles evaderent, ita ...
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4 votes
2 answers
107 views

Translating a reflexive pronoun in a sentence with accusative

Translating a sentence from Vieta's In artem analyticen isagoge (available here) I'm having trouble: Et hic se praebet Geometram Analysta, opus verum efficiundo post alius, similis vero, resolutionem ...
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3 votes
1 answer
94 views

Translation Help Needed in Euler's E025

Related to a previous question of mine, I'm working through the first paragraph of E025, Euler's Methodus Generalis Summandi Progressiones (available for download here). A translation has already been ...
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3 votes
1 answer
112 views

What is the ablative construction at play here?

I am reading Historia plantarvm vniuersalis. There are many sentences I do not understand, but the particular one I would like to ask about is on page 10 (page 26 in the link): Literal transcription: ...
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3 votes
1 answer
81 views

Tenses in the Christmas carol "Personent hodie"

There is a Christmas carol called "Personent hodie" written in Latin in Finland in the 16th century. In the third verse the three mages are described: Magi tres venerunt, munera offerunt, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
200 views

Is this double accusative or hyperbaton or something else?

I've only been learning Latin for a month or so, but I'm specifically learning so that I can read scientific and mathematical texts from the 17th-19th centuries. It's slow going, of course- I'm only ...
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3 votes
0 answers
92 views

Was the letter phi used in Latin?

Is there any evidence of the Greek letter phi being borrowed to write Latin words of Greek origin as φilosoφia for example? The question is not restricted to Classical Latin.
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4 votes
1 answer
147 views

"For all" and "there exists"

The two most common mathematical quantifiers are "for all" (∀) and "there exists" (∃). I wondered how to render them in Latin. Here is my proposal: for all x: pro omnis x for all ...
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5 votes
3 answers
725 views

Is there a word for "science/study of art"?

Is there a word for "science/study of art"? For the moment I use the neologism "artologia" but I'd rather conform to the usage. Edit. I would prefer a single word translation. Edit....
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4 votes
1 answer
155 views

How to translate this sentence from Euler's Dissertatio?

At the beginning of Dē frāctiōnibus continuīs dissertātiō, Euler writes the following: Variī in Analysin receptum sunt modī quantitātēs. in Analysin just means in Analysis but the rest of the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
76 views

What is a latin stem for swap?

I don't know if I asked this question correctly, but what is a latin stem for swap? I don't specifically need it to be just swap. You can answer my question by saying a latin stm for switch, or ...
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8 votes
2 answers
454 views

What does the phrase "horae subsecivae" mean in the title of a work by philosopher Christian Wolff?

Christian Wolff was a German philosopher in the 18th century who wrote many works in Latin. As part of his work, he wrote a set of three volumes all called Horae subsecivae Marburgenses (Marburg is a ...
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5 votes
1 answer
149 views

What are the Latin translations of the mathematical terms differentiating, integrating and parameterizing?

I didn't find any site that translates these verbs in the mathematical sense. What are the Latin translations of these terms, and are there any sites that offer Latin translations of modern ...
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3 votes
1 answer
163 views

"Gaza tamen aliquoties occiput vertit"

In a footnote of Vives' Dialogs (for the word "Ad brechma"): Ad Brechma, brechma, tis; sive bregma, pars anterior capitis, synciput a Breco Graeco, quod est pluo, et irrigo; haec enim pars ...
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  • 6,951
6 votes
2 answers
662 views

Is there any new published book that is written in latin?

I wondered that is there any new book that is written in latin publishing now ? Like new latin books in 21st century. If so what is the difference of new published books from the literature of ...
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  • 687
7 votes
1 answer
171 views

Can Veneti and Antuerpiae be vocatives?

I am puzzling over: caveat veneti et antuerpiae exemplo tiri et tu lundina This was written in the margin of a sixteenth-century commentary on Isaiah at chapter 23, which is on Tyre. My translation ...
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6 votes
1 answer
184 views

Euler passage translation (Latin in 18th century)

I would like to include a translation of a brief passage from Euler's music text Tentamen novae theoriae musicae (1739) in an article I am writing, but find the original somewhat tricky to work with. ...
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