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Subjunctive mood in Latin

The subjunctive in Latin tends to indicate potential, possible, or unreal actions. To my ears, velisne? means something like "potentially, in the future, might you want it?" The indicative, on the ...
Draconis's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why is the verb indicative in an indirect question?

Because video is not in the clause introduced by quomodo. The nescio quomodo is a parenthetical remark and those two words can be removed without significantly altering the meaning. Pay attention to ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
5 votes
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Fiat justitia in imperative mood?

Orders in second person are typically expressed with imperative, but orders in third person with conjunctive (=subjunctive). Second and third person orders look different in English, too. Compare "...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
5 votes
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When to use cum + subjunctive and when cum + indicative

Perhaps it's unnecessary to say it but, to be clear, we are dealing not just with the conjunction cum (often quum — the distinction is really immaterial). The word has in fact two kinds of usage; ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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5 votes
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Modalities for fictitious past: could have, should have, and would have

Even if these expressions (“woulda, shoulda, coulda”) look very similar in English, it is probably helpful to look at two things separately: Would have is a true counterfactual, and since the “would ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
4 votes
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Servus dominum orabat ne se verbera–

It should be the active form. The subject of the subordinate clause is the master and the object (se) is the slave. Some verbs can have a deponent variant, and for a deponent verb you should use a ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
3 votes
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Imperfect subjunctive in exclamation

Allen & Greenough, New Latin grammar, §437, a: The Indicative is sometimes used where the English idiom would suggest the Subjunctive:— longum est, it would be tedious [if, etc.]; satius erat, ...
cnread's user avatar
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2 votes

Imperfect subjunctive in exclamation

In the simplest sense, the subjunctive is used to express hypothetical ideas. So here the wolf is imagining not what is, but what could be. This type of sentence is called a statement of "general ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
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2 votes
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Why the Perfect Subjunctive?

Tense The perfect conjunctive (= subjunctive) of reverti would be reversi sint, not reversi fuerint. The perfect forms of deponent verbs are typically formed with present and imperfect forms of esse, ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
1 vote

Self-teaching: Good resource for learning subjunctive

This may unfortunately be something of a non-answer, but please bear with me. The Latin conjunctive or subjunctive (one thing, two names) is a little tricky and can easily be confusing. I actually ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar

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