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19 votes
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frater < "fere" + "alter"?

To elaborate unnecessarily, frāter can securely be traced back to PIE *bʰréh₂tēr, which is a combination of the root *bʰréh₂ + a suffix *-ter (+ the nominative singular ending *-s, which is lost with ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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15 votes
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Does liberi only refer to free children?

It is generally accepted that liberi “children” is the same word as liber “free, not slave”. So, etymologically liberi are “free-born offspring of either sex”. But it is an error to assume that the ...
fdb's user avatar
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14 votes
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How did the Romans congratulate a new father?

Here's Cicero, congratulating his friend Atticus on the birth of the latter's daughter (Ad Atticum 5.19): Filiolam tuam tibi iam Romae iucundam esse gaudeo, eamque quam numquam vidi tamen et amo et ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
11 votes
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A complete family tree

Each new paragraph shows a new generation (g means 'great'). Enclosures within (brackets) indicate the maternal side : tritavus = tritavia g.g.g.g.grandfather, mother atavus=atavia g.g.g....
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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10 votes

A complete family tree

Erasmus has a complete list of vocabula affinitatum ("words for in-laws") in his Colloquia. This is post-classical, but Erasmus's Latin rivals that of Cicero. This definitely has some overlap with the ...
brianpck's user avatar
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8 votes

Does liberi only refer to free children?

The OLD says: liberi "sons and daughters, children (in connection with their parents)." First of all, it is important to remember that, as Osgood 2011 puts it, "... it was of great ...
Alex B.'s user avatar
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7 votes
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Were iuvenēs expected to squander the family fortune?

You'll have to be careful with the phrase "expected to." On the one hand, it can give connotations of desire. "I expect you to do well in this position" can mean "I want you ...
cmw's user avatar
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6 votes

Translating "Mother's son" into Latin

Yes, you can be 100% sure. Just watch out, though; "His mother's son" will be Filius matris suae, because suae agrees in gender number and case with (genitive, feminine, singular) matris. "Her ...
Hugh's user avatar
  • 8,693
6 votes

A complete family tree

I drew a family tree based on Tom Cotton's answer: Some of the tree is hidden and the quality of the picture is not great. To explore more, see the dynamical family tree online. If anyone knows a ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
4 votes

How would a Roman refer to a great-great-great- . . . -great-grandparent?

Attention, all my sources are post-Classical. Thus they do not entirely fit the question but I think they are very useful for the concept itself. This is what I attested so far skimming these books: ...
Victor BC's user avatar
  • 924
4 votes

A complete family tree

And here's a visual representation of a Roman family. You can see the words PATER, VXOR, and F (filius). cf. another very famous inscription - the Epitaph of Agrippina the Elder (i.e. Caligula's ...
Alex B.'s user avatar
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4 votes

Are "pater", "parens", "parturitio", & "partitio" etymologically related?

Reduction of the problem It is good to preprocess the data and reduce the words into simpler constituents within Latin. We can reason as follows: pater parens < parere parturitio < parturire &...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
4 votes

What do you call your aunt or uncle's spouse?

I believe that there may be no special word for those terms. Here are some things I found: In the Nova Vulgata, Leviticus 20:20 reads: Qui coierit cum uxore patrui vel avunculi sui... "Whoever ...
NanoEta's user avatar
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3 votes

frater < "fere" + "alter"?

No. Isidore's etymologies are often folk etymologies. Frater is actually from the Proto-Indo-European bhrater-, whence brother in English, phratér in Greek, and so on.
cmw's user avatar
  • 56.3k
2 votes

Does liberi only refer to free children?

Yes, liberi means free children. Pueri is the generic word. Gaffiot quotes namely Cicero: liber, qui de matre libera, liber est. The same Gaffiot, under liberi gives an even more restrictive ...
thiebo's user avatar
  • 396
2 votes
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What is a single parent?

Some quotes from Amoris Laetitia (by Pope Francis) might give some hints (English here, Latin here): Point 49: English: For example, if a single mother has to raise a child by herself ... ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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