29 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

The best free, online Latin-English dictionary is undoubtedly Lewis and Short. There are several ways to access it, too, and they are given in separate answers. Most people seem to go straight to ...
21 votes
Accepted

Why do Latin nouns (like cena, -ae) include two forms?

The second form is the genitive singular. The above answers address the substance of your question, but I wanted to add as a supplementary answer something that doesn't appear to be explicitly stated ...
brianpck's user avatar
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16 votes
Accepted

Why are verbs often listed under their first person singular form and not under infinitive as in many other languages?

First, not all dictionaries follow that convention. Importantly, though, the infinitive cannot distinguish between 3rd and 3rd-IO verbs, which of the four principle parts, is only distinguishable in ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 54k
16 votes
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Did the Romans use dictionaries to check what words mean?

Not really. This encyclopedia entry explains that The Greeks and Romans did not attempt a work containing all the words of their own or any foreign language; their early dictionaries were merely ...
HDE 226868's user avatar
  • 2,520
15 votes

Why do Latin nouns (like cena, -ae) include two forms?

It's the singular genitive-case form. The use is that if you know the nominative singular form, genitive singular form, and the gender of a regularly inflected Latin noun, you can predict all of its ...
Asteroides's user avatar
  • 28.5k
14 votes
Accepted

Abbreviations in Latin dictionaries, especially Lewis and Short

You can find the abbreviations for Lewis & Short in the Latin Lexicon 'Numen' online: http://latinlexicon.org/LNS_abbreviations.php First you will find the abbreviations of ancient authors and ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 19.8k
13 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

For more thorough comparisons with different Latin dictionaries, including the Latin-Dutch dictionary LaNe, one can use Chicago's Logeion. You can type in either Latin or Greek (transliterated or ...
12 votes
Accepted

Are there dictionaries that translate profanities profanely?

Oh, God, the prudish lengths to which dictionaries go to avoid translating profanity correctly! I feel your pain—I too feel cheated and betrayed when this happens. It's like, aren't you supposed to ...
Joel Derfner's user avatar
  • 16.5k
12 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

If you're looking for an English-to-Latin dictionary, I recommend A Copious and Critical English-Latin Dictionary, by William Smith and Theophilus (!) Hall. The most recent edition was published in ...
12 votes
Accepted

Latin to Latin Dictionary

Egidio Forcellini's Totius Latinitatis Lexicon, published in 1771 when Latin was still in widespread use, is available on-line in a convenient, searchable form at http://linguax.com/lexica/forc.php, ...
Ben Kovitz's user avatar
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11 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

Collatinus I highly recommand Collatinus. There are a web version and a desktop version, and it's a free software (CC BY-NC). Functionalities search for lemma in several Latin dictionaries (Gaffiot, ...
10 votes
Accepted

Three forms of a Latin verb?

Actually, Latin dictionaries tend to list four forms of a Latin verb. These forms are known as "principal parts." So the "official" listing for your example consists of four principal parts: sedeō, ...
Joel Derfner's user avatar
  • 16.5k
10 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

The online version of William Whitaker's Words (originally an MS-DOS program, see Wikipedia) is very useful: http://archives.nd.edu/words.html It is very useful, especially translate from English to ...
10 votes

Why do Latin nouns (like cena, -ae) include two forms?

The first form, e.g., cena, is the lemma or lexical form. This is the form you use when looking up words in a dictionary or lexicon. The second form is the lemma declined in the genitive case, ...
Der Übermensch's user avatar
10 votes

Dictionary for New Latin words

The Lexicon Morganianum (with a new website as of only a few months ago) is an excellent resource. It was originally compiled by David Morgan and Patrick Owens. It includes macrons and is exclusively ...
10 votes

Why is the first person singular the citation form?

Let me try to approach this from a slightly different angle: What would work as a citation form? A good citation form would be such that you could deduce all other forms (from the present stem) from ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
10 votes

How do you choose the correct meaning of a word from a dictionary?

The Merriam-Webster dictionary gives a number of "translations" of the English verb seize: confiscate, capture, arrest, clutch, grasp, apprehend, afflict, possess, understand, bind, fasten, ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
9 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

Pollux: Archimedes Project Dictionary Access Here you can search Lewis & Short, Liddell Scott Jones, and a few other dictionaries. The layout is not as good as on Perseus, but it loads much ...
9 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

One option is Philolog.us which not only allows for quick looking up of entries in Lewis and Short, but also the Greek dictionaries Liddel and Scott's and Slater's Lexicon to Pindar. The big bonus for ...
9 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

One option to consider is the online Latin-English Dictionary. It is essentially an online version of William Whitaker's words, and uses the exact same word list. (Full disclosure: this is a ...
9 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

One possibility is to use Webxicon. It translates between several languages, including Latin and English. You can even leave the target or source language blank to get answers for all possible ...
9 votes

amatus or amatum - which one is the perfect passive participle form

Both are correct. The perfect participle has several forms for different genders, numbers, and cases. An entry in a dictionary does not give all the forms of a word, not even all the forms of any ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
8 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

Latin is Simple! http://latin-is-simple.com/ is a dedicated online dictionary that contains most latin words: Over 44,000 vocabulary entries (with translations) Thus over 3,100,000 inflected (...
8 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

I often use Numen, the Latin lexicon (latinlexicon.org). It is easy to use and allows searches for both Latin and English words. Many entries have use examples, although they can be quite cryptic. ...
8 votes
Accepted

Technique to find first principal parts when later parts change spelling? E.g. find 'nanciscor' from 'nactus'

To be able to generate a list of candidates, one should know some common ways to produce different principal parts from a given stem. To produce the present stem (the first principal part as you call ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
8 votes

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

First of all, I must confess I don't know many. However, the one I commonly use meets my needs pretty well and isn't mentioned above: it is University of Notre Dame's Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid. ...
8 votes
Accepted

How do you choose the correct meaning of a word from a dictionary?

Joonas and Cairnarvon are right, but I want to add an additional detail. Using an online dictionary that is just a "word list" is no replacement for a proper dictionary. Dictionaries don't ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 54k
8 votes
Accepted

Dictionaries always list the Neuter Participle in principal forms, why?

The ultimate answer to these sorts of things is always "convention." They do it because the what they worked with did it. Maybe some editor or another justified their particular adoption of ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 54k
8 votes

Latin to Latin Dictionary

For one who looks for a Latin-Latin dictionary which is lighter than Forcellini's, there are some options with varying degrees of completeness. Murzintcev Nikita has done great work in making some ...
d_e's user avatar
  • 11k
8 votes

What is the correct vowel quantity for words formed from sĭ̄gn-?

I cited some relevant sources in my answer to Are vowels long before "gn"? Your dictionary is following a once-common view that held that words like this actually had a long vowel (not just ...
Asteroides's user avatar
  • 28.5k

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