19 votes

What does memento mori actually mean?

"Memento" means "remember". Literally it's "remember to die", which means: "Remember you must die." The Christian meaning is not just "remember you are a mere mortal", but especially "remember you ...
Pavel V.'s user avatar
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14 votes
Accepted

Are the cases in Latin always six?

Generally, most nouns and adjectives have six cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative, and vocative). However, this isn't always the case. Some words are defective, where they appear ...
cmw's user avatar
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12 votes
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What is the meaning of "suffragio" at the time of Calvin?

Note, in your Etymonline citation, that the word originally came into English with the meaning of "intercessory plea or prayer", rather than "vote"; that meaning wasn't established in English until ...
Matt Gutting's user avatar
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9 votes

Hac hic huc meanings/difference

Hīc means "here", as in "at this place". Historically, it was the locative of hic "this". Hāc can also mean "here", as in "at this place". This is a ...
Draconis's user avatar
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9 votes

What is the difference in meaning between `nil` and `non` in "Primum non nocere"?

It's possible that nil is a noun here, but it's more likely that it's the adverbial nil, which would translate to something like "not at all." B. Adverb. 1. Not (as a strengthened non), in ...
cmw's user avatar
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8 votes
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Difference between "hiems" and "hībernum"

As you noted (almost correctly), hibernum comes from hibernus, -a, -um which does mean 'wintry'. Any neuter adjective can be made into a noun by simple use. It's a feature of the language. However, ...
cmw's user avatar
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8 votes

What is the meaning of "suffragio" at the time of Calvin?

I don't know about that late a period, but the two dictionaries available on Perseus project give this as one definition for suffragium: B. In gen., a decision, judgment, opinion: “rhetor suffragio ...
James Kingsbery's user avatar
8 votes
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How does "jus" distinguish between "duty" and "right"

The normal word for "duty" in Latin isn't ius, but officium, and it's well attested for this meaning from Plautus to Suetonius (and later), in prose and poetry alike. Cicero's De Officiis is always ...
cmw's user avatar
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6 votes

Are the cases in Latin always six?

Furthermore, outside of non-neuter words in the second declension the nominative and vocative aren't formally distinct, and for neuter nouns of any declension, the nominative and accusative aren't ...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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6 votes
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Did the Romans have a definition for a species of organism?

As Aristotle is generally considered as the father of biology — Darwin wrote: “Linnaeus and Cuvier have been my two gods… but they were mere school-boys to old Aristotle.” (in a letter to W. Ogle, ...
Luc's user avatar
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6 votes
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Can "Quae" Be "Which"?

Criticism of Latin Translation First, a brief criticism of the Latin text that you are using as a source: Expressing purpose: The English of the song is a purpose clause, i.e. "in order to tell ...
brianpck's user avatar
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6 votes

What is the origin for the act of "sex" and definition?

Latin had a word sex, but it didn't have the same meaning as in English. Instead, it's cognate with English "six", and means the same thing. English "sex" comes from Latin sexus, -ūs, which comes ...
Draconis's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the difference in meaning between `nil` and `non` in "Primum non nocere"?

Prīmum nōn nocēre means "first, to not cause harm". Nōn negates the verb. Prīmum nīl nocēre means "first, to cause harm to nothing". Nīl is the object of the verb. (Note that both ...
Draconis's user avatar
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5 votes
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What does the word "numquid" literally mean?

I am unsure of the answer to this question, but have come across this word twice in working through Learning Latin the Ancient Way: Latin Textbooks from the Ancient World by Eleanor Dickey. The book ...
Vegawatcher's user avatar
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5 votes

Is Pluto a planet(a)?

In the context of ancient astronomical theory a “planet” or “wandering star” is any heavenly body that changes its apparent location in relation to the other stars, as opposed to “fixed stars”, which ...
fdb's user avatar
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4 votes

What does memento mori actually mean?

"Memento Mori" means "Remember you will die", however, it comes from a Roman Imperial custom and, only much later, became a Christian motto with a different meaning and goal. In early Imperial Rome ...
user5547053's user avatar
4 votes

What is the meaning of "suffragio" at the time of Calvin?

A great resource, if you can get a copy, for medieval Latin is J. F. Niermeyer's Mediae latinitatis lexicon minor (Leiden: Brill, 1976). There are other post-classical dictionaries, but this is a ...
jon's user avatar
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4 votes

What can "dicere" mean in the context of a musical instrument?

It's not necessary to be too literal in translating something like this, and I can't see any objection to the poetic licence in your suggestion of 'reciting', which makes the English roll along nicely ...
Tom Cotton's user avatar
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3 votes

What is the origin for the act of "sex" and definition?

Notice sex as a verb (e.g. "to have sex") is a 20th century English meaning. The earliest quote in the Oxford English Dictionary about this meaning is from 1921: K. Burke Let. 20 Aug. in K. ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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2 votes

What is the connection between figs and pride in the word Caprificus?

In its original sense, capri-fīcus just means "wild fig-tree". Its fruits are harder to eat and less pleasant than the domesticated fig-tree (fīcus), but goats can eat them just fine, so the ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67k
2 votes

What does memento mori actually mean?

Source: Memento Explained Memento mori translates to "remember you must die". It is a medieval Latin Christian theory that focuses reflections on death not as a morbid practice but as an inspiration ...
puipuy ralte's user avatar

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