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4

Since you are asking about Latin and not Proto-Italic, my answer is going to address Latin only (so I will ignore e.g. the following sound change proposed by Philip Baldi, based on the glotttalic theory, (word-initially) PIE *bʰ > Proto-Latin *pʰ > Proto-Latin *ɸ > Latin f). -mf- in Latin inscriptions Such a bilabial hypothesis is indeed usually ...


2

The big problem with the apparent cases of *d > l in Latin is working out which of them are reliable. In the late 19th century there was a vogue for trying to identify cases, most of which are now untrustworthy because of improvements in our understanding of Indo-European and Latin etymology, sound change, and morphology. This was triggered by Conway (...


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