28 votes
Accepted

How do you write dates in Latin?

I will split this answer in two halves, for two different kinds of date expression. On November 4 The traditional Roman calendar, whose system is still in use in some festive occasions, is based on ...
13 votes
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Are the names of these months realistic?

In addition to the familiar September–December, there were two more numerically named months before they were renamed in early imperial era: Quintilis and Sextilis. These should definitely go to ...
13 votes
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How do we know that Kalendae is the first day of a month?

In classical times the seven-day week was unknown; obviously, there could be no named days of the week to use as reference points. Months at least were of specified lengths, but the actual date was ...
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12 votes
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What is an eve?

There are three major holidays that come to mind when considering "eve": Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve, and Halloween (All Hallows' Eve). When one looks up those holidays in the Morgan and Silva ...
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10 votes
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What is a leap year in Latin?

As for the Gregorian calendar, the source is indeed (Ecclesiastical) Latin: Deinde, ne in posterum a XII Kalendas Aprilis æquinoctium recedat, statuimus bissextum quarto quoque anno (uti mos est) ...
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9 votes
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How did the Romans wish happy holidays?

They did to a certain extent. I'm not aware of general holiday greetings, but at least for Saturnalia, they used the phrase Io, Saturnalia! Compare Martial 11.2.5: Clamant ecce mei 'Io Saturnialia' ...
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8 votes

Are the names of these months realistic?

To supplement Joonas's wonderful answer, the words for "eleven" and "twelve" in Latin are undecim and duodecim, with an i. So I would suggest those months be changed to Undecimber and Duodecimber.
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8 votes
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What do "KAL." and "A.S." stand for in this inscription?

The source of the image states that the person died the 17th of September. The inscription says instead that he died the 15th of October. What is KAL. to do with it? Is some sort of calendar ...
8 votes
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What is father's day in Latin?

Holidays were festivals and marked by an adjectival form in the neuter plural. Based on similar festivals, it would probably be patralia. Compare similar examples: Saturnalia, the festival of ...
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7 votes
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How to distinguish Julian and Gregorian calendars in Latin?

Google conjures up a good number of old books with "stylus (or stilus) vetus" and "stylus (stilus) novus".
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7 votes
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How did the Romans call the days of the week?

As fdb mentioned in a comment on another question, Tibullus references the planetary days in the first century BCE: Aut ego sum causatus aves aut omina dira,     Saturni sacram me tenuisse diem. I ...
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7 votes
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Correct pronunciation of full Latin dates

There is probably no fixed standard, and I am not sure there is any authority that might set one. I believe many Latin speakers do not leave out the anno. However, when Pope Benedict XVI announced his ...
6 votes

How do you write dates in Latin?

For the sake of completeness, I have seen lots of Ecclesiastical Latin dates written in the form: [die] roman numeral day (from I to XXXI)/[mensis] month in genitive/[anni] roman numeral year. Just ...
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6 votes

Latin name of Good Friday

You know, I wasn't expecting to find a wide variety of answers to this question in my search, but in just the Morgan and Silva Furman University Lexicon there are a good number of answers. Let's take ...
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6 votes
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Did the Romans have an expression for a national day?

The festival days for the birth of Rome was, at least in the late Republic, the Parilia. Wikipedia has more: By the end of the late Republic, the Parilia became associated with the birthday of Rome. ...
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6 votes
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Is 'datus' used for a date in Latin?

For reference, this is what the OED has to say: Etymology: < Anglo-Norman dat, Anglo-Norman and Middle French date (Middle French datte ; French date ) regnal year (1230 or earlier), date (...
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6 votes

What is an eve?

Although the English word 'eve' is often used poetically for 'evening', it is in fact fairly common and far more usually means 'the [whole] day before'; I suspect that its use to mean 'vigil', or ...
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6 votes
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Why do numbered months in the ancient Roman calendar have different suffixes?

This is going to be an unsatisfying answer, but I'll post what I've found anyway. The usual best source for Latin etymologies is De Vaan. Unfortunately, he only covers developments from Proto-Indo-...
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6 votes
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How would the ancient Greeks have said "full" month

According to the extant writings of Geminos of Rhodes (Γεμῖνος, 1st century BC) Ὅθεν διὰ ταύτην τὴν αἰτίαν οἱ κατὰ πόλιν μῆνες ἐναλλὰξ ἄγονται πλήρεις καὶ κοῖλοι and also Ὅθεν κοῖλον καὶ πλήρη μῆνα ...
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5 votes
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Pronunciation of numbers with respect to years

The numbers are ordinals in the singular masculine ablative. They modify the word anno, having its form. In Latin you say literally "on the 2019th year", which is anno bis millesimo undevicesimo. You ...
5 votes

How would this date be translated into Latin?

In classical mode this is rather complicated, but would be abbreviated to a.d. VI Id. Iun. A.D. MMX, literally short for 'the sixth day before the Ides of June in the Year of the Lord 2010'. In more ...
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4 votes

What did the Romans call the New Year?

The best indication is Ovid's Fasti, I, 63 et seqq.: Ecce tibi faustum, Germanice, nuntiat annum / Inque meo primus carmine Ianus adest. / Iane biceps, anni tacite labentis origo, / solus de superis ...
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4 votes

How did the Romans wish happy holidays?

According to H.H. Scullard (Festivals & Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Thames & Hudson, 1981), there were at the end of the Republic 66 official festival or ceremonial occasions, occupying ...
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4 votes

What is father's day in Latin?

I like to keep these things snappy and simple. Dies patribus — a day for fathers — expresses the spirit of the occasion and will answer in most situations.
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4 votes

How do we know that Kalendae is the first day of a month?

First point, the meaning of the Latin dates was never forgotten but traded continously (e.g. by the Roman Catholic church) into our times. A second point is that we are able to verify some dates ...
4 votes

Latin name of Good Friday

Christianity traditionally marks out from the calendar the week (Sunday to Saturday) before Easter Sunday. We call it Holy Week, hebdomada sancta. The Sunday before Easter Sunday and the three days ...
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4 votes

What do "KAL." and "A.S." stand for in this inscription?

The Romans counted backwards from one of three datum days,and included both the datum and the day itself. KAL is short for Kalendis, the first day of the month, so 15 KAL indicates 13 days between ...
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3 votes

Is 'datus' used for a date in Latin?

There seems no reason to doubt that the English 'date' and similar words in other languages derive from the perfect participle of dare. A very plausible origin is as a a relic of litterae datae which ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Latin name of Good Friday

This started out as a comment to comments made to Sam K's answer above but it ran away from itself a little so I'm posting it here! Just to clarify, parasceve does refer to preparations for the ...
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3 votes

What is an eve?

*EDIT: Please see my comments below to clarify what I see as the difference between small-e eve and capital-E Eve. For what it's worth, I think both answers above (those of Sam K and Tom Cotton ...
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