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11 votes
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Are there minimal pairs between the acute and circumflex accent?

Two examples come to mind: λῦσαι (aorist masculine imperative 2nd person singular, or aorist active infinitive, of λύω) contrasts with λύσαι (aorist active optative 3rd person singular of the same ...
b a's user avatar
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9 votes
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To accent or not to accent in Greek

Personally, I think that you should, in that accent marks are helpful. But: (a) Plato wouldn't have known what an accent was, anyway, the whole thing being a conspiracy by later schoolmasters This ...
Draconis's user avatar
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9 votes
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Doubt on pronunciation of verbs (stressing)

The word is tĭmĕō, so the vowels are short, short, and long. The stress is indeed on the first syllable according to the standard stress rules in Latin. Thus the e is neither long ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
9 votes

Under what conditions can "length by position" occur, and what does it actually mean?

Any syllable that ends in a consonant (one or more) is heavy It's clearer to use the terms "heavy syllables" and "light syllables" rather than "long by position" and &...
Asteroides's user avatar
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8 votes
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Why are there circumflex accents in these words? -- κορῶναι, αἶγες, αἶγας

Per Wikipedia: σωτῆρα (sōtêra) Law If the accent comes on the penultimate syllable, it must be a circumflex if the last two vowels of the word are long–short. This applies even to words ending in -ξ -...
Asteroides's user avatar
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7 votes
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Does Greek accent ever affect Latin stress?

Greek stress could be used in the medieval period. Per An Introduction to the Study of Medieval Latin Versification, by Dag Norberg, translated by Grant C. Roti and Jacqueline de La Chappelle Skulby: ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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6 votes
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When did the difference between acute and grave disappear?

From the 2nd century BC to the 20th century AD, Greek spelling used three different accent marks, but there has always been only one phonological accent, which nowadays surfaces as an intensity-based ...
Dario's user avatar
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5 votes

Doubt on pronunciation of verbs (stressing)

The complete answer has already be given by Joonas Ilmavirta; here are a few words on the prosody, which however only makes sense if you say the complete verse. As we know, these are the last words of ...
Pietro Majer's user avatar
5 votes

Are there minimal pairs between the acute and circumflex accent?

In the comments, Alex B added another example: φώς "man", but φῶς "light" (that is, φάος with Attic contraction). As he put it, "this shows btw the importance of morae for stress placement".
Draconis's user avatar
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4 votes
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A question about accentuation for aorist infinitives

The rule of thumb for the accentuation of infinitives is the following: infinitives in -σθαι are accented recessively (e.g. λείπεσθαι), except in the thematic aorist (λιπέσθαι) and the perfect (...
Cairnarvon's user avatar
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4 votes

Are there minimal pairs between the acute and circumflex accent?

I have always thought there were many such minimal pairs, e.g. ἦ "verily" v. ἤ "or".
Cerberus's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there minimal pairs between the acute and circumflex accent?

I came across another example today: μῆτις, ιος vs μή-τῐς, μή-τι. It may not strictly qualify, as there also is a difference in vowel quantity for the final syllable, but in any case, As both their ...
Canned Man's user avatar
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3 votes

How does one pronounce a circumflex accent on a short (correpted) vowel?

Your question has two levels: 1. How do we understand the underlying reality of the Attic pitch system recorded in our texts and 2. With that general understanding, what would the system do in this ...
Vegawatcher's user avatar
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3 votes

Does Greek accent ever affect Latin stress?

Weiss's Outline of the Historical and Comaprative Grammar of Latin, p. 112, gives some examples of exactly this phenomenon: Philippus (Gk. Φίλιππος) scans in Old Latin verse as if its second syllable ...
TKR's user avatar
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2 votes
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Why is tonos (sometimes) rendered different from oxia?

I don't have an authoritative source for this (I'm just drawing on my own experience), but given that this has gone several months without answers, I'll offer what I can. The fundamental difference ...
Draconis's user avatar
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