47 votes
Accepted

Why is the Roman acronym SPQR and not SPR?

It appears that -que was treated much like a word. Especially Ovidius does not treat it as an enclitic, but more as an independent word. This becomes evident in quotes, where -que is outside the quote ...
30 votes
Accepted

Abbreviations used by Romans in their inscriptions

This is a list of three names of freedmen (former slaves that were released by their master). Roman male names for free citizens in classical time usually consisted of three parts (known as tria ...
27 votes
Accepted

What does the Latin abbreviation "A. O. R." stand for?

According to this list of abbreviations A.O.R. stands for Anno Orbis Redempti, roughly "in the year since the world was redeemed". It seems to be one of an interesting set of obsolete synonyms to Anno ...
  • 28.7k
18 votes
Accepted

Meaning of "S. P. D." in letters

SPD is likely an acronym for Salutem Plurimam Dicit. When used in the phrase [Person X] salutem plurimam dicit [Person Y] it literally becomes Person X sends many greetings to Person Y Person ...
  • 2,492
17 votes

Why is the Roman acronym SPQR and not SPR?

The consensus seems to be that SPQR means Senatus Populusque Romanus, but there is also the theory that SPQR did not mean Senatus Populusque Romanus. It could also may have been Senatus Populus ...
  • 361
17 votes

Meaning of "S. P. D." in letters

I'll just expand slightly on @HDE226868's excellent and correct answer and say that the literal translation of salutem plurimam dicit is "says very much health." Another version you're likely to see ...
15 votes
Accepted

How often were medieval scribal abbreviations used?

Yes, Cappelli is basically right (which is perhaps not surprising, he being an authoritative figure in the field of palaeography). Every third word is probably above average, but in most documents ...
  • 19k
15 votes

What does "tom. i." mean?

tomus primus = "volume one".
  • 16k
15 votes
Accepted

Does the abbreviation “ſ.” in this 1755 work mean “sine”?

If you look closely, you will note that the 's' is in blackletter script. According to long-standing German printing tradition, German words are in blackletter, Latin words in Antiqua. The German word ...
14 votes
Accepted

Abbreviations in Latin dictionaries, especially Lewis and Short

You can find the abbreviations for Lewis & Short in the Latin Lexicon 'Numen' online: http://latinlexicon.org/LNS_abbreviations.php First you will find the abbreviations of ancient authors and ...
  • 19k
14 votes
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Why might "Philosophiae Doctor" (the source of "Ph.D.") have been preferred over "Doctor Philosophiae"?

There is no significance to the word order, and both are perfectly acceptable in Latin. In fact, it is only in English translation that there is a difference felt. The genitive in Latin is perfectly ...
  • 41.7k
13 votes
Accepted

Latin abbreviation "plagg."

It means plagulae, printing sheets. These are not pages (one sheet contains several pages). 23 plagulae are one bookbinder's alphabet (as the sheets are labelled with the letters A–Z, no J, V, W). The ...
11 votes

How often were medieval scribal abbreviations used?

The proportion of abbreviated words in a medieval manuscript depends on the time when it was written and also the individual scribe, but could generally be quite high. I believe that the estimate by ...
  • 843
11 votes
Accepted

Representing medieval latin abbreviation symbols in Unicode

There are two Unicode blocks in particular filled with mediaeval abbreviations, if you (and your readers!) have the appropriate fonts. The Combining Diacritical Marks Supplement (chart) provides ...
  • 53.7k
11 votes
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What does Q.B.V.D. stand for on the title page of a dissertation?

It's also – more commonly, I believe – given as Q. D. B. V. = quod Deus bene vertat, 'May God cause this to turn out well'/'May God grant this success.' This use of verto is under definition 18 in ...
  • 18k
11 votes
Accepted

Why does the Misal rico de Cisneros uses the word "Qiſſa", and what is it supposed to mean? Why not "Miſſa" (Missa)?

I agree with brianpck's comment: I don't understand why you're reading this glyph as a Q. In isolation, it might look like a Q, but considering the context, it appears to be a variant of M (it's not ...
  • 22.3k
10 votes
Accepted

Books of reading medieval Latin manuscripts

The UK National Archive runs a two part course which gives immediate feedback and quickly introduces .1. dating of mss .2. different styles of writing (book script, private notes, .3. post classical ...
  • 8,475
10 votes
Accepted

Latin date abbreviation meanings

That's a superscript a, indicating that these are ordinal numbers rather than cardinal numbers. Specifically, it's showing the ending of the word to disambiguate different ways of reading the number. ...
  • 53.7k
9 votes

Why is the Roman acronym SPQR and not SPR?

The source referenced in a Wikipedia-entry: SPQR är en förkortning för Senatus Populusque Romanus, [se'na:tus popu'luskwe ro'ma:nus], vilket betyder "senaten och det romerska folket". Eller ...
  • 191
9 votes

Do different truncation signs have different connotations?

Cappelli is the most reliable source in the field of Latin palaeography. What he says in the description of the signs of truncation also matches my experience. So there are hardly any different ...
  • 19k
9 votes

Are there any recorded classical Roman abbreviations of "et cetera"?

First of all, the history of the ampersand (deriving from a ligature of a cursive et) is too short to be relevant to Classical Latin as @JoonasIlmavirta points out. Wikipedia lists ZC (zetera et ...
  • 1,735
9 votes
Accepted

The medieval abbreviation eccƚie

In Classical Latin the Genitive and Dative, first declension are -ae but in Medieval Latin, -e. So this is the abbreviated form of ecclesie. "of the church." Not all through-strikes have the same ...
  • 8,475
9 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of the abbreviations “h.e.” and “h.l.”?

h.e. = hoc est ad h.l. = ad hunc locum
  • 16k
9 votes
Accepted

what does the abbreviation "h. l." (or "h. 1.") stand for?

The abbreviation h. l. means hoc loco – “here, in this place, in this instance.” This is a common abbreviation which you can find in various books. The abbreviation h. e. probably means hoc est or ...
9 votes
Accepted

I with superscript ma

Prima (first). It’s a combination of a Roman numeral plus termination so you know what case/number it’s in. The work referred to is here: http://dl.ub.uni-freiburg.de/diglit/brenkman1722/0489?sid=...
  • 5,423
8 votes
Accepted

What does D.D.P. mean in this inscription? (see image)

According to Sandys's Latin Epigraphy: An Introduction to the Study of Latin Inscriptions, "D.D.P." stands for: decreto decurionum publice The last "P" is sometimes replaced with "P.P." or "PEC ...
  • 37k
8 votes

What does "Scat." stands for in Latin?

In a word, yes. D.scat. means detur scatula (“let a box be given”) just like the following S. means signetur or scribatur (“let the following be prescribed”). It is also possible to interpret them ...
  • 2,926
8 votes

What do three diagonal dots above a letter mean in the "Misal rico de Cisneros" (Spain, 1518)?

These triple dots appear to be serving two separate purposes. The passive -ur ending: In your first image, the word intended is perficientur, and the same triple dot is used on page 224 for ...
  • 37k
8 votes

Does "Op. cit." stand for "opus citatum" or "opere citato"?

Both, or either! Opus citātum and opere citātō are different inflections of the same phrase, depending how they're used in the sentence. If something comes from the cited work, for example, that ...
  • 53.7k
8 votes
Accepted

Does "Op. cit." stand for "opus citatum" or "opere citato"?

It depends on context, I would say. Opere citato would mean "from the cited work" or "in the cited work" in the most relevant contexts. Opus citatum would mean "the cited work&...
  • 19k

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