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49 votes
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Why is the Roman acronym SPQR and not SPR?

It appears that -que was treated much like a word. Especially Ovidius does not treat it as an enclitic, but more as an independent word. This becomes evident in quotes, where -que is outside the quote ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
30 votes
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Abbreviations used by Romans in their inscriptions

This is a list of three names of freedmen (former slaves that were released by their master). Roman male names for free citizens in classical time usually consisted of three parts (known as tria ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
27 votes
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What does the Latin abbreviation "A. O. R." stand for?

According to this list of abbreviations A.O.R. stands for Anno Orbis Redempti, roughly "in the year since the world was redeemed". It seems to be one of an interesting set of obsolete synonyms to Anno ...
TKR's user avatar
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20 votes
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Meaning of "S. P. D." in letters

SPD is likely an acronym for Salutem Plurimam Dicit. When used in the phrase [Person X] salutem plurimam dicit [Person Y] it literally becomes Person X sends many greetings to Person Y Person ...
HDE 226868's user avatar
  • 2,540
19 votes

Meaning of "S. P. D." in letters

I'll just expand slightly on @HDE226868's excellent and correct answer and say that the literal translation of salutem plurimam dicit is "says very much health." Another version you're likely to see ...
Joel Derfner's user avatar
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19 votes
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What kind of scribal abbreviation for Christi is this?

I think it is the Christ monogram ΧΡ, followed by the genetive ending -i. Those are not the Latin letters X and P, but rather the Greek letters Chi and Rho, which are the first letters in the word ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
17 votes

Why is the Roman acronym SPQR and not SPR?

The consensus seems to be that SPQR means Senatus Populusque Romanus, but there is also the theory that SPQR did not mean Senatus Populusque Romanus. It could also may have been Senatus Populus ...
intrigus's user avatar
  • 361
17 votes
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What does „fecerunt pedes“ mean in Latin inscriptions?

In afraid you shouldn't have glossed over the numerals so easily. The first inscription does not, in fact, say M. and S. made the/these feet but in fact: M. and S. made 100 feet The foot was used ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
15 votes

What does "tom. i." mean?

tomus primus = "volume one".
fdb's user avatar
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15 votes
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Does the abbreviation “ſ.” in this 1755 work mean “sine”?

If you look closely, you will note that the 's' is in blackletter script. According to long-standing German printing tradition, German words are in blackletter, Latin words in Antiqua. The German word ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
14 votes
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Abbreviations in Latin dictionaries, especially Lewis and Short

You can find the abbreviations for Lewis & Short in the Latin Lexicon 'Numen' online: http://latinlexicon.org/LNS_abbreviations.php First you will find the abbreviations of ancient authors and ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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13 votes
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Latin abbreviation "plagg."

It means plagulae, printing sheets. These are not pages (one sheet contains several pages). 23 plagulae are one bookbinder's alphabet (as the sheets are labelled with the letters A–Z, no J, V, W). The ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
12 votes
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What does Q.B.V.D. stand for on the title page of a dissertation?

It's also – more commonly, I believe – given as Q. D. B. V. = quod Deus bene vertat, 'May God cause this to turn out well'/'May God grant this success.' This use of verto is under definition 18 in ...
cnread's user avatar
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11 votes
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Representing medieval latin abbreviation symbols in Unicode

There are two Unicode blocks in particular filled with mediaeval abbreviations, if you (and your readers!) have the appropriate fonts. The Combining Diacritical Marks Supplement (chart) provides ...
Draconis's user avatar
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11 votes
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Why does the Misal rico de Cisneros uses the word "Qiſſa", and what is it supposed to mean? Why not "Miſſa" (Missa)?

I agree with brianpck's comment: I don't understand why you're reading this glyph as a Q. In isolation, it might look like a Q, but considering the context, it appears to be a variant of M (it's not ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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10 votes

Why is the Roman acronym SPQR and not SPR?

The source referenced in a Wikipedia-entry: SPQR är en förkortning för Senatus Populusque Romanus, [se'na:tus popu'luskwe ro'ma:nus], vilket betyder "senaten och det romerska folket". Eller ...
Yeti's user avatar
  • 201
10 votes
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Books of reading medieval Latin manuscripts

The UK National Archive runs a two part course which gives immediate feedback and quickly introduces .1. dating of mss .2. different styles of writing (book script, private notes, .3. post classical ...
Hugh's user avatar
  • 8,693
10 votes
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What is the meaning of the abbreviations “h.e.” and “h.l.”?

h.e. = hoc est ad h.l. = ad hunc locum
fdb's user avatar
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10 votes
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what does the abbreviation "h. l." (or "h. 1.") stand for?

The abbreviation h. l. means hoc loco – “here, in this place, in this instance.” This is a common abbreviation which you can find in various books. The abbreviation h. e. probably means hoc est or ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
10 votes
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Latin date abbreviation meanings

That's a superscript a, indicating that these are ordinal numbers rather than cardinal numbers. Specifically, it's showing the ending of the word to disambiguate different ways of reading the number. ...
Draconis's user avatar
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9 votes
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The medieval abbreviation eccƚie

In Classical Latin the Genitive and Dative, first declension are -ae but in Medieval Latin, -e. So this is the abbreviated form of ecclesie. "of the church." Not all through-strikes have the same ...
Hugh's user avatar
  • 8,693
9 votes

Do different truncation signs have different connotations?

Cappelli is the most reliable source in the field of Latin palaeography. What he says in the description of the signs of truncation also matches my experience. So there are hardly any different ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 20k
9 votes
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What does D.D.P. mean in this inscription? (see image)

According to Sandys's Latin Epigraphy: An Introduction to the Study of Latin Inscriptions, "D.D.P." stands for: decreto decurionum publice The last "P" is sometimes replaced with "P.P." or "PEC ...
brianpck's user avatar
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9 votes

What do three diagonal dots above a letter mean in the "Misal rico de Cisneros" (Spain, 1518)?

These triple dots appear to be serving two separate purposes. The passive -ur ending: In your first image, the word intended is perficientur, and the same triple dot is used on page 224 for ...
brianpck's user avatar
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9 votes
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I with superscript ma

Prima (first). It’s a combination of a Roman numeral plus termination so you know what case/number it’s in. The work referred to is here: http://dl.ub.uni-freiburg.de/diglit/brenkman1722/0489?sid=...
Kingshorsey's user avatar
  • 6,624
8 votes

What does "Scat." stands for in Latin?

In a word, yes. D.scat. means detur scatula (“let a box be given”) just like the following S. means signetur or scribatur (“let the following be prescribed”). It is also possible to interpret them ...
Dario's user avatar
  • 3,246
8 votes

Does "Op. cit." stand for "opus citatum" or "opere citato"?

Both, or either! Opus citātum and opere citātō are different inflections of the same phrase, depending how they're used in the sentence. If something comes from the cited work, for example, that ...
Draconis's user avatar
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8 votes
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Does "Op. cit." stand for "opus citatum" or "opere citato"?

It depends on context, I would say. Opere citato would mean "from the cited work" or "in the cited work" in the most relevant contexts. Opus citatum would mean "the cited work&...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 20k
8 votes

What kind of scribal abbreviation for Christi is this?

This is Greek lettering for a Latin Genitive: christi. There are three letters xpi, 'chi, rho, iota (or 'i');' and a siglum (^)showing abbreviation. The last letter of the ablative famula has tangled ...
Hugh's user avatar
  • 8,693
8 votes

Is S. S. an abbreviation of scilicet?

SS stands (as usual in Christian contexts) for sanctissimus, -a, -um, in this case sanctissimae: To the principal lecturer of the most holy theology ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar

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