Questions tagged [word-request]

For questions regarding specific words for a specific purpose.

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18
votes
3answers
10k views

Latin word for "code" or "program" (the verb)

As part of a(nother) assignment for my Latin class, we have to write a description of how we spend our free time. I'm trying to translate this: After my homework is done, I like to program. So far,...
17
votes
2answers
7k views

What is the most neutral word for "shield"?

As you know, Latin language has several terms for what we call "shield", namely clipeus, scutum, parma, pelta etc. I'm just wondering which among them is the most "neutral" or "common" word that ...
17
votes
1answer
781 views

How can I say "undo" in Latin?

The question of how to express my username, Undo, in Latin recently came up in chat. As Ben Kovitz notes, Latin seems to lack the word 'defacio' or similar. How can I say my name, the verb "undo", in ...
15
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4answers
4k views

What would be a "night owl" in Latin?

On the recommendation of an esteemed Finnish member of our forum, I decided to ask how one would translate "night owl" into Latin. night owl (noun) a person who keeps late hours at night I ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a skeleton called?

Other than homo osseus, are there any words for skeleton? In the sense of an enemy of in a video game or similar media, I would use larva, or "evil spirit." But, what about a formation of bones: a ...
14
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2answers
19k views

What did the Romans use to close their letters?

As anyone who's written a proper letter knows, one begins with a salutation and ends with a valediction (or, in normal English, opens with "hello" and ends with "goodbye"). Right ...
12
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4answers
3k views

What's the Latin word for "jade"?

I'm trying to write a short thing about a jade statuette that my family has had for roughly forever, but when I looked up "jade", I found... nothing. Well, I found plenty of results, but there was ...
12
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4answers
4k views

How would you say "cafe" in Latin?

I would like to say, "I'm going to the cafe" in Latin, but the best I can come up with is "Eo ad cafe." What would be a good choice for "cafe"? I'm not sure if a similar concept existed in Ancient ...
12
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1answer
1k views

"All-forgiving" expressed with the omni- prefix

The English language has a handful of words starting with omni- to express all-: omniscient all-knowing omnipotent all-powerful omnipresent present everywhere How would one express all-forgiving ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Latin words for various types of diets (carnivore, vegetarian, vegan, etc.)?

Does Latin have words for the various types of diets, e.g., "vegetarian," "vegan," etc.? St. Thomas Aquinas, seemingly referring to what we today would call a "vegan," says (Summa Theologica II-II q. ...
12
votes
1answer
130 views

Quo modo dicitur "application"?

Qua voce Latina tradidi potest vox Anglica "application"? Non de theoria adhibenda ago, sed de programmatis telephonulorum (sive telephonorum mobilium) vel computatrorum hac voce Anglica appellatis. ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Christ or Messiah in Latin

The Greek word Christos (Χριστός) and the Hebrew word Messiah (many similar words exist in related languages, and I don't claim to make an accurate transliteration of any of them) are titles used of ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What Latin word could I use to refer to a grocery store?

I would like to say "I am eating in the grocery store", and so far I have come up with "edo in foro" and "edo in emporio". But I'm not sure if either of these would be the best fit. What word would ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

How do you say "notes" in Latin?

As the title says, how do you say notes in Latin? Originally I thought it would be nota, notae, but the online Perseus latin dictionary doesn't give the same sense of the word that I would like. ...
11
votes
1answer
945 views

Did the ancients or medievals have a word for the energy stored in plants?

If you spend a little time gardening, you soon become aware that plants store energy in their roots, which they collect from the Sun through their leaves. By the end of Autumn, perennials usually have ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

What is "living room" in Latin?

I would like to find a good Latin word for "living room". I know some options, but my list might not be complete and I am not sure what is the best choice. It may well be that different words are ...
10
votes
1answer
878 views

Term for the water/wine ratio chooser?

What's the Latin word for the person at cena who decided whether more or less water was added to the wine to keep the party going steadily?
10
votes
1answer
887 views

How to translate "what" when used as an ironic interjection

Is there any good way to translate "what" when used as an ironic interjection, e.g. "What? He thought that would be a good idea?" said in a sarcastic tone? My first thought is just to use quis or quid ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

A good Latin word for "point"

I am looking for a Latin word for "point" to be used like this: I see your point. I hope this example gets the point across. There is no point in peeling a banana. Good point! There probably is no ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Latin have any words for specific numbers apart from the numbers themselves (akin to the English "dozen", for example)

In English, many numbers have specific words that denote them, distinct from the number itself. For example "dozen" means group of 12; "gross" means 144; and "score" ...
10
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4answers
1k views

How to translate "sexy"?

How would one translate “sexy” into Latin? In particular, I’m looking for a word or phrase that has a similar “slangy” feel to the English version. I’ve considered a few possibilities: Catullus 10 ...
10
votes
1answer
639 views

Translation of "...quae parvas aves capit et est."

I was reading Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata to practice my fluency of understanding simple sentences. In the tenth chapter, Bestiae et Homines (page 69), I came across a description of eagles. ...
10
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2answers
797 views

What is "express" in Latin?

Express buses, express trains, and express lifts — and maybe some other express things — are vehicles that have unusually few stops and are therefore faster than others. What would be a ...
10
votes
1answer
130 views

Latin for "ground meat"

Trying to translate a cooking recipe into Latin, I stumbled upon the ingredient “ground meat” and wondered how to best render this in Latin. Since ground meat is not actually, well, ground (molita, ...
10
votes
1answer
959 views

What is the climax of a story called?

I've seen progressio used as a part in a story which progresses the plot, but is there a word for a moment with action and conflict that determines the outcome of the story, or a crucial time for a ...
10
votes
1answer
362 views

What's the the Latin word for a government minister / secretary?

According to Wikipedia, the definition of a government minister is: A minister is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government, making and implementing ...
10
votes
1answer
461 views

Is there a latin word for 'plausible deniability'?

Plausible deniability in English is a condition in which a subject can safely and believably deny knowledge of any particular truth that may exist so as to shield the subject from any responsibility ...
9
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3answers
2k views

What is "vocabulary" in Latin?

Having read the recent meta discussion concerning the tag vocabulary and remembering that we prefer to have our tags in Latin, I started to wonder how one might translate the word "vocabulary" in ...
9
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3answers
1k views

How To Say "-able" in Latin

Is it possible to use something similar to the English suffix "-able" to show that the action described can be done by someone or something? If not, what phrases do you suggest to use in its place?
9
votes
3answers
213 views

Did the Romans 'tip' for good service?

I need to refer in Latin to the modern practice of 'tipping' in return for good service. I am well aware of words and phrases for 'reward', which are essentially correct for my purpose, but I should ...
9
votes
5answers
3k views

What would "high school" be in Latin?

There was a conversation between Joonas Ilmavirta and I in CONLOQVIVM, during which we attempted to figure out what the appropriate translation for the phrase "high school" (specifically of the ...
9
votes
3answers
860 views

What is an eve?

It is New Year's Eve today, and there are other eves throughout the year. What would be a good Latin translation for "eve"1? The English word appears to be etymologically related to "evening" and ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Latin words for “engineer”

While I was reading La révolution industrielle au Moyen Âge (The Medieval Machine: The Industrial Revolution of the Middle Ages) by Jean Gimpel, I’ve read: In the old texts, James of Saint George ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there Latin words for hair color?

English words like "brunette", "blonde", and "redhead" refer to people of a particular hair color. Are there similar words in Latin? It is easy to express hair color in English or Latin with several ...
9
votes
3answers
932 views

What is a leap year in Latin?

Now that it's 29th of February, there is no way not to ask: What is a leap year in Latin? Leap month and leap day (mensis/dies intercalaris or intercalarius) are well attested. In the Julian calendar ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How to say "black market" in Latin?

How does one say "black market" in Latin? According to the OED, this word first originated in English in 1727.
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What is Latin (and Greek) for "medium"? (Greek)

The particular sense of medium I have in mind is the one used in Water is a medium of sound propagation. But propagation implies a multiplicity of places, or at least two of them, so that if ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How to translate "the Force" from Star Wars?

In Star Wars movies — and other media — there is an important concept called the Force. It is a magical energy field surrounding everything and giving special abilities for those who ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

In vitro, in vivo, in situ, in simulacris mathematicis? Any good alternatives to the latter?

There is a series of Latin and pseudo-Latin phrases used in a scientific context (mostly in the life sciences) describing how and where a study was carried out (sorted by frequency): in vitro – in a ...
9
votes
1answer
291 views

Term for urban planning?

So while there is a plethora of words regarding features of urban planning in Latin, is there an actual term or phrase for the act of planning a city? "Urbs designans" and "inventio urbica" seem like ...
9
votes
1answer
79 views

How can I say something is working (as in, not broken)?

For example, this sentence: My furnace works would be one of Furnus meus [some verb] Furnus meus [some adjective] est (i.e. "my furnace is working") What could I put in for either the verb ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Did the Romans have a word for "volcano"? How did they describe Vesuvius?

I'm curious to know whether the Romans had a word for "volcano", and, more specifically, whether they thought of Mount Vesuvius as a volcano.1 After the eruption of AD 79, I'm sure they had some ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

A word for bad quality joke

I recently left an unnecessary comment because I could not resist telling a bad joke. That made me wonder: What would be a good (classical) Latin word for a bad quality joke? The joke can be any kind ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

What is a boyfriend or a girlfriend in Latin?

When answering this question, it occurred to me that I don't know what to call a "boyfriend" or a "girlfriend" in Latin. What would be good words? I assume that the same solution will work for both ...
8
votes
2answers
644 views

How do you say "grumpy" in Latin?

I would like to say, "I am a grumpy dog," since I did not get my proper sleep last night. I have a few guesses about "grumpy", but these are only guesses. I looked up "grumpy" on Whitaker's words and ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What would "I Discover" be in Latin?

I need the Latin for "I Discover" - as in "I learn new things, by gathering information about it and/or trying it myself (by trial and error)". I've looked for it in several online dictionaries, but ...
8
votes
2answers
191 views

What is a good deed?

Suppose I wanted to talk about good deeds. Generally this means acts done by someone for selfless reasons, solely to benefit others. For a literal translation I could go with bona facta, but the ...
8
votes
1answer
852 views

How do you say "I'm having dinner/lunch/breakfast" in Latin?

I know that cena means dinner, prandium means lunch, and ientaculum means breakfast. But how do you say "I'm having dinner" (or lunch, or breakfast)? I can think of a few ideas, such as: Habeo cenam. ...
8
votes
1answer
184 views

Translating "Hic fortissimus, primus inter pares" into English

I am currently studying Latin in high school (third year), so I do have a mild understanding of how the language works. But I would like to know whether this translation is correct. For various ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

How to say 'striped' in Latin

I'm looking for a way to describe striped cloth — that is, with regular stripes all over, or like the stripes on the flag of the USA. I'm well aware of the stripe on a toga, angusticlavus, etc. But ...