Questions tagged [vocabulary]

This tag is for questions concerning the meaning and usage of individual words or a few words in conjunction with each other.

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8
votes
1answer
472 views

What is Plautus’s pun about frustum and frustrum?

The word frustum is often mispronounced as frustrum. Wikipedia states that this mispronunciation goes back a long time and a pun about them is included in the works of Plautus. Can anyone direct me ...
7
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2answers
348 views

How were fractions written and pronounced?

In English, when we want to express parts of wholes and certain numbers of said parts, we use fractions consisting of a denominator indicating how many equal pieces an item has been broken or divided ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Is the Latin word verenda a noun? If so, which lexical root it has?

Is the Latin word verenda a noun? If so, which lexical root does it have? Deu.25:11: "Si habuerint inter se jurgium viri duo, et unus contra alterum rixari coeperit, volensque uxor alterius ...
7
votes
1answer
871 views

Is crescere the correct word meaning to to grow or cultivate?

I am creating a program that helps people learn a growth mindset and “grow” into what they want to become. Is crescere the correct word meaning to to grow or cultivate?
3
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2answers
2k views

What would be a literal translation of "Satan"?

In Ancient Greek, the Hebrew word שָׂטָן (satan, "adversary") is sometimes translated as διάβολος (diábolos, "betrayer") and sometimes adapted as Σατανᾶς (Satanâs). In Latin, it seems like there ...
17
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6answers
9k views

Is Cola "probably the best-known" Latin word in the world? If not, which might it be?

I found this in an ecological park: Cola is actually a Latin word (a scientific one, referring to the plant), albeit its etymology is African. I am curious about whether it is "probably" the best-...
5
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2answers
5k views

How to find the stem of any word?

I am wondering if the stem of every word has an exact form? For example: For the word genus, how could you determine is it gen or gener? For the word līber, how could you determine is it līber or ...
5
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3answers
232 views

Why there are several words for swimming?

The words nō, natō, adnō are all verbs which means to swim. They have their own conjugation respectively. Maybe there are not only three, but I'm not sure. I wonder why there are several words in ...
2
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3answers
221 views

Does 'ipse' truly mean change?

This quote hails from the liner notes to this CD: John Adams's Violin Concerto performed by Leila Josefowicz, David Robertson of St. Louis Symphony Orchestra. Alice Miller Cotter has a BA in Music (...
7
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6answers
2k views

How to say 'striped' in Latin

I'm looking for a way to describe striped cloth — that is, with regular stripes all over, or like the stripes on the flag of the USA. I'm well aware of the stripe on a toga, angusticlavus, etc. But ...
7
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1answer
430 views

In what sense is a university (universitas) a whole?

The word for a university in many languages (not Finnish though!) comes from the Latin word universitas. The word appears to mean roughly "the whole", but one might also analyze it along the ...
3
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4answers
171 views

How do you translate: What things, then, will you do?

How do you translate the following sentence: What things, then, will you do? I am particularly doubtful of the translation of "things" here. Would we use res, rei?
2
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2answers
1k views

How would you say "same thing" in Latin?

How would you say "same thing" in Latin? As in the sentence: If only you were feeling the same thing that I feel for you?
6
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1answer
432 views

What would the Romans have called "sorcery"?

In Christian Latin, the word maleficia is used for "witchcraft" or "sorcery": supernatural powers that don't come from God, and are probably associated with demons. A person who uses these powers is a ...
2
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1answer
68 views

An idiom for working as something

I would like to have a good idiom or two to express working in some position. A structure like this seems to be missing from my vocabulary, or at least I don't feel confident enough that what I might ...
6
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2answers
911 views

What is a romance in Latin?

The word "romance" seems to come from Latin, but no similar Latin word appears to mean anything related. Is there a good Latin word for a romance, a kind of an intimate relationship? I cannot think of ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Usage of Exigo, Exigere

Can the verb "exigo, exigere, exegi, exactum," be used to mean "that man will pull through, despite his many injuries?" Wheelocks' translation allows for the meanings of "drive through, complete, ...
24
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3answers
9k views

"Oh no!" in Latin

Are there idiomatic Latin exclamations similar to the English "oh no!" used when one finds oneself in an unfortunate situation? The only thing that I came up with is that I might want to use vae or o ...
6
votes
1answer
258 views

Can "nemo" be an adjective?

I subscribe to a "Latin word of the day" email, which sends me a random vocabulary word and an example sentence every day. Last night's email had this: pecco, to sin. Nemo accusator caret culpa; ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Please translate: "Bacon Machine" (Apologies in advance for the somewhat silly question)

For a game I'm working on, I'm looking for a phrase in Latin that describes a robot created for the purpose of making synthetic bacon. After looking at Latin grammar books, my current guess as to a ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Understanding the use of "regnavit"

Regnavit is the third-person singular perfect active indicative of rēgnō (Wiktionary) Now, many times this word translated as if present, regnat, which is puzzling. For example, consider Psalm ...
3
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1answer
100 views

Is "eloquii mystici" a correct translation of "sorcerers/enchanters"?

Is "Omnus nos eloquii mystici" correctly written to say "We are all sorcerers/enchanters"? I know there are different ways to say sorcerer or enchanter, but I really want to use "eloquii mystici". I ...
24
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4answers
12k views

How do I say "Brexit" in Latin?

Londinium, Britannia, 284 AD. The military commander Carausius is leading a movement to take Britannia out of the Imperium Romanum. He thinks there is a conspiracy between locals and foreigners to ...
4
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1answer
102 views

What does the f. adjective "tulda" mean?

In the scientific name Bambusa tulda, I would like to know what tulda (tuldus?) means.
3
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2answers
3k views

What is the Latin word for "will", as in "willpower"?

The English noun "will" has a few different meanings. One is the choice or intention to do something, as in "willing" and "free will": Latin voluntās. Another meaning, though, is more like "resolve" ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Lost and Confused--Supplemental

I am advised to re-submit this as a separate question (had thought, initially, it was just an aside, barely worthy of mention); anyway, North & Hillard Ex. 195: "All order thus being lost, Nicias ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Uter vs. Uterque

The way I learned 'uter' and 'uterque' was as follows. 'Uter' is like the Greek 'πότερος', meaning (in interrogative uses) 'which, of two?' and (in non-interrogative uses) 'either, of two'. I learned ...
3
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2answers
66 views

Trying to come up with a sort of wordplay phrase that translates to “power takes control”

Trying to come up with a sort of wordplay phrase that translates to “power takes control” but uses a Latin word that can mean both takes as in requires and takes as in takes away from you. This is for ...
2
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1answer
98 views

How do I translate "On the Nature of Renewal" into Latin?

I'm trying to create a title in latin: On the Nature of Renewal where Renewal could be exchanged with Rebirth or Regeneration, and Nature is maybe better as Subject. With this structure, I figured ...
3
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3answers
4k views

Why is "ita vero" two words?

I was taught the way to say "yes" in Latin is two words: "ita vero". It seems counter-intuitive that it's two words, but why is that so? In essence, why is the Latin word for yes two words? Does "ita" ...
6
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1answer
202 views

<quality> even for being a <noun>

Salvēte omnēs, hocc erit mihi prīmum rogātum hāc in sēde. Haud dūdum vīdī quendam hominem scīscitārī, quōmodo posset Latīnē dīcī "he has a long tail, even for a cat". Ad quod rogātum cum respondēre ...
5
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1answer
686 views

Are there any words in Latin that are "light"?

In Latin, every syllable is either "light" or "heavy". A "heavy" syllable is one that has a long vowel and/or a coda consonant, and a "light" syllable is anything else. This distinction is important ...
4
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1answer
4k views

Phrasing "I am enough" in Latin

Can someone help me distinguish between "ego satis" vs "sum satis" vs "Ego satis superque sum"? I want to say "I am enough" as in "good enough as a person".
5
votes
1answer
333 views

How many letters are words in Latin?

In English, there are a few words that sound the same as a single letter. Some are spelled with a single letter ("I", "a") while others are just pronounced that way ("eye", "cue", "why"). How many of ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What does 'i' mean in Latin

I was reading a story in Latin, and part of it said "i nunc, Mercuri". I don't know what i is in Latin. By the way, this line is said in dialogue. Is it a filler word similar to the "umm" or does it ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Scius as the name for a company

After a long time looking for Latin names for the name of my startup, I came up with "Scius", which from what I was reading means cognizant. This will be a company in the area of data science. So I'd ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

Is *rīcus attested?

The word for "rich" in most Romance languages looks something like, well, "rich". It declines like a first/second declension adjective, and seems to go back to Germanic *rīkijaz (possibly through ...
5
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3answers
594 views

Choosing a "wait" - exspecto, opperior or maneo

I hope that my question won't seem too flippant or strange... I'm not any sort of Latin scholar or student, but I am trying to coin a term based on Latin. I've been trying through several routes to ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Why and when would "num" be used?

According to what I understand num is used when the asker of the question is already aware that the answer will be no. Does this have any other uses besides rhetorical questions?
5
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2answers
214 views

Latin form of Igor

How would you translate the name Igor into Latin? The Latin Wikipedia uses Inguarus (e.g. Inguarus Stravinskij), which is the Latinised version of Ingvar.
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Natural or unflavoured products

There are a number of different flavours of, say, yogurts, and one of them is plain, without any added flavours besides what is needed to make the yogurt. In English this flavour seems to be often ...
12
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2answers
1k views

What is the Latin name for the Romani people?

The Romani (aka Gypsies, though some consider that a slur) are nomadic people who dispersed across Europe about a thousand years ago. In other languages they have exonyms like tzigane, gitan, and ...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

A translation for 'stirrup'

I have to translate the word 'stirrup' into Latin. Since the Romans (famously) rode without stirrups I can find no useful classical reference and have decided to use stapes, which is used by ...
9
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3answers
614 views

Minimal pair [y] – [y:] in Latin

Are there minimal pairs distinguished only by length of [y] in Latin? Was the short variant of /y/ pronounced like [ʏ]?
7
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1answer
425 views

What to call a Christmas present in Latin?

What would be a good way to call Christmas presents on contemporary Latin? Are there attested Latin descriptions of early Christmas where presents are given, or should we perhaps choose something ...
4
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0answers
183 views

Are there Classical Latin words whose meanings are unknown to us?

Are there any attested Classical Latin words whose meanings are unknown to us? Given the intensive study of the Classical Latin corpus and the many methods of getting at the meanings of words (...
6
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2answers
480 views

What is a forum in Latin?

The word "forum" as used in English and many other modern languages obviously comes from Latin. It means a place where people gather to discuss, like an online forum or a scientific conference, but ...
7
votes
2answers
477 views

"Explaining oneself" in Classical Latin

How should I say in Classical Latin the following phrases? "Explain yourself!" "I didn't explain myself well", "I didn't make myself / wasn't clear" I've been thinking of the verbs explico and ...
2
votes
1answer
265 views

What was the standard ancient term for a thermopolium?

This page on thermopolia reports a quotation from Mary Beard, classics professor at Cambridge University: “The best way to escape a diet of bread, cheese and fruit, eaten in small lodginggs over a ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

How to say "of the" as in "Church of The Blessed Virgin" with the sense of "belonging to" or "patronage"?

I would be glad if anyone could help me how to translate the name "Church of the Virgin Mary" or at least how to place "of the" in the sense of "belonging in patronage" in such contexts? Other ...

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