Questions tagged [vocabulary]

This tag is for questions concerning the meaning and usage of individual words or a few words in conjunction with each other.

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6
votes
2answers
802 views

Why -ώς in αἰδώς?

The word αἰδώς means awe, shame, or respect. There are related words such as αἰδοῖος. I feel like I ought to be training my brain to recognize inflections in order to get clues as to meaning, but as ...
36
votes
1answer
9k views

Did the Romans use any swear words?

I was reading the book Lingua Latina, Per Se Illustrata by Hans H. Ørberg, and I often saw scenes in which persons were angry. In the book, the writer doesn't use any swear words or anything to that ...
8
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3answers
869 views

Understanding the spelling deviation from the scripture in the title of a sundial nearby a Catholic church in Moscow

In Moscow, nearby the Church of St. Louis of the French, a parish church of the French Catholic community in Moscow, embedded into the wall of the building that back in the day was the church’s ...
7
votes
1answer
768 views

Are there Latin angry oaths like the English "damn it!" or "for God's sake!"?

Nowadays (I guess) every language has both vulgar and non-vulgar ways to express anger, frustration and/or exasperation , in response to some nuisance. Looking e.g. at Catullus, it seems unlikely that ...
4
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1answer
96 views

Homeric word for a tent?

The word I've seen for "tent" in koine is σκηνή, but this word doesn't seem to occur in Homer. The Greeks' shelters on the shore of Troy are κλισίαι, which Cunliffe translates as "hut ...
6
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1answer
98 views

Peculiar use of 'neque'

In Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata Pars I, cap. VI it says, Quam longa est via Flaminia? Neque ea tam longa est quam via Appia. I am unsure as to how to translate 'neque' here or rather why it is ...
13
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1answer
336 views

What do you call your aunt or uncle's spouse?

In Latin, a paternal aunt is an 'amita', a paternal uncle is a 'patruus', a maternal aunt is a 'matertera' and a maternal uncle is an 'avunculus'. However, what do you call each of these people's ...
0
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1answer
126 views

What is the difference between uti and quare?

Uti and quare seem to have similar meanings, (how? or in what manner?) Is there a difference between the two words? What situations would they be used in that would differ?
9
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1answer
454 views

Did the Romans have a Latin word for 1000 years?

Did the Romans have a specific word to imply 1000 years? Millennium is Latin, of course, but it's later Latin and I'm trying to find something more classical. There are more general words for periods ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Homeric expression for "easy?"

All of the following seem to be expressions in ancient Greek meaning "easy," as in "tic tac toe is an easy game:" εὐπετής εὔπορος ῥᾳδιος εὐμαρής εὔκοπος However, none of these ...
-2
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1answer
52 views

Difference between vaco and vagor?

The verbs vaco and vagor seem to be very similar but nevertheless are obviously carefully differentiated in Latin and were not coalesced, so I suppose there is some specific difference in meaning ...
2
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1answer
52 views

The word bibliopolium means a bookstore?

I have been trying out Rosetta Stone's Latin instruction program, which is kind of interesting because it attempts to teach modern conversational Latin, as though it were a living language, which is ...
7
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1answer
130 views

Which preposition should be used with contrario and why?

Is it better to say argumentum a/ab contrario or e/ex contrario? It seems that both are acceptable but in most Romance languages it is a contrario. The movement out/from is not clear/explicit/graphic ...
23
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3answers
2k views

What did Romans call their language?

I was taught that Latinus is an adjective related to the area of Latium. Latin would be called lingua Latina, "the language of Latium", never merely Latina. There is a single-word expression referring ...
17
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4answers
6k views

Is Duolingo good for Latin?

On August 28*, 2019 Duolingo announced its Latin course for English speakers. Out of curiosity, I subscribed, but I'm just starting to peek into it. My question is (if anyone has tried it in depth ...
14
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2answers
19k views

What did the Romans use to close their letters?

As anyone who's written a proper letter knows, one begins with a salutation and ends with a valediction (or, in normal English, opens with "hello" and ends with "goodbye"). Right ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

Can "Pulsus" be used to suggest the beating of a pulse from something other than the human body?

Pulsus when used with arterium specifically references the beating of the arteries in a person. If I wanted to describe something inanimate as having a pulse, would it make sense to an ancient Roman ...
4
votes
1answer
372 views

What is "sense of humour" in Latin?

What would be a good classical Latin translation of "sense of humour"? I can find words for "humour", but I am not sure how to go about "sense of". Would one of the humour words be adequate on its own ...
7
votes
1answer
389 views

Is there a word for a typo?

Yesterday in our chat it turned out that we didn't know a Latin word for a typo(graphical error). For example, I typed lingarum instead of linguarum. What would be a Latin word to describe a mistyped ...
8
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2answers
14k views

What's the most idiomatic way to say, "thanks, you too"?

We were discussing this question in the chat room, and came up with the possibility, gratias similiter, but we are not sure whether it's idiomatic. The context is this. Let's say a co-worker says to ...
6
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2answers
108 views

how to express "indefinite distributive numerals" ("several dollars each")? is aliquoteni classical?

In answer to the question Quotiens? (How many times), one can respond with aliquotiens (several times). But for the question Quoteni? (How many of each), can he come up with aliquoteni? For I can't ...
7
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1answer
123 views

Use of "in" with ablative

I'm hoping someone can clarify the meaning of the medieval Latin phrase "in ipsa" when referring to a decision or action not being "in" or "upon" someone, which I assume ...
29
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5answers
71k views

How do you say "yes" and "no" in Classical Latin?

I'm wondering how the Romans would have said "yes" as in "yes please" or "no" as in "no thank you". I don't know if they would have said it exactly like that, but what would they have said if they had ...
7
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1answer
433 views

What is the difference between these two variants of the word?

I am looking for a Latin translation of the word arsonist. Having made translations in various machine translation software it all narrows to two choices. One is incendiarius and the other is ...
5
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0answers
44 views

Latin "Basic" Colors and Shades

Salvete Omnes, While I am working on a Minecraft resource pack that changes the Latin, which hopefully fixes some rough spots in it, I came back to a problem which strikes me occasionally with colors ...
6
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0answers
102 views

What was the classic term for "damnatio memoriae"?

The Wikipedia article on the subject notes that the term damnatio memoriae, referring to the relegation of a person's name to oblivion, as if they never existed, is a neo-Latin expression first ...
5
votes
3answers
144 views

Can "homo" be used as an impersonal pronoun?

In English, we can say "one must do this" or "one should do that", as a way of referring to any person, not just one person in specific. Can homo be used in a similar fashion in ...
49
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19answers
18k views

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

What good online Latin dictionaries do you know? What are their benefits and drawbacks? Please give only one dictionary per answer. If you have many dictionaries to suggest, give multiple answers &...
6
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0answers
29 views

How did people describe flags and banners using Latin?

This is my first time on the forum, so If there's any tips to get my question answered feel free to share. I have been working on a Minecraft resource pack that changes the Latin setting, hopefully ...
16
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2answers
3k views

What do animals say in classical Latin?

It is well known that the way animals "speak" is amusingly different in different languages. (See lion below.) This makes it hard to guess what kinds of words the Romans would have put in the mouths ...
13
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3answers
4k views

How did mundus come to mean both world and clean?

Basically what's in the title: How did mundus come to mean both world and clean? L&S lists a number of other meanings, but in my knowledge these are two very frequent uses, that do not seem to ...
1
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1answer
56 views

What is the best word for "constellation"?

In a previous question about a Cicero quote, he uses the word sidera. Lewis & short give the definition of sidus as: a group of stars, constellation, heavenly body Astrum has a similar ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Is my translation of "Under the light of the shining star" correct?

I've translated the title "Under the light of the shining star" into Latin: Sub Lux Astri Lucens Sub Luce Astri Lucentis Is this correct? I've not learned participle forms of verbs yet, ...
7
votes
1answer
177 views

Did perveniō acquire a new meaning in Late Antiquity?

Introduction I am reading an article by Bowersock.¹ In a discussion of the removal of Āra Victōria from the Senate, he references Symmachus’ ‘ūnō itinere nōn potest pervenīrī ad tam grande sēcrētum’. ...
8
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1answer
703 views

Writing "I'm proud of myself"

I came up with "mihi superbus sum" with "mihi" as the Dative form of ego for "of myself", "superbus" for "proud", and "sum" for "I'm&...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

How can I define a new word in Latin?

As Latin is an ancient language, many words denoting new meanings are not available. So, I think it's necessary to define some new words in Latin. For example, principissa (a New Latin word, just ...
6
votes
2answers
246 views

Where can I find large public domain texts in latin?

I need to have a large selection of free, publicly available texts in Latin on the internet, hoping to train an neural network (computer algorithm) on it. It would eventually be able to generate ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How do you say “anyway” in Latin?

Using ‘anyway’ to indicate that the previous matter was an aside, or it doesn’t affect the conclusion, for instance, to say: “It was wet and nobody was at the park. Anyway, I went home.”
1
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1answer
358 views

Mysterious word for "expert" in an Italian anthology's version of Sappho LP 21

In this Italian anthology, LP 21 l. 2 (the first line where the papyrus has letters) is read as containing επαβολησ (and perhaps vestigia around it). The first word in the translation is "esperta", ...
5
votes
4answers
164 views

What are some ancient words that mean forgiveness?

What are some ancient words that mean forgiveness? I’m looking for words that were used before the common era (before 0 CE). I’m looking for words from Latin, Greek, German, and other languages. These ...
7
votes
1answer
320 views

Is the word order of "Iura novit curia" used for emphasis?

Is the change in the word order used for emphasis, and how would we translate "iura novit curia" to English while maintaining the word order? We don't have cases and there is the danger of ...
5
votes
1answer
333 views

How many letters are words in Latin?

In English, there are a few words that sound the same as a single letter. Some are spelled with a single letter ("I", "a") while others are just pronounced that way ("eye", "cue", "why"). How many of ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Dramatis Personae but for important words

What is a phrase that acts like Dramatis Personae (for listing the important characters of a play) but for the important words? I've thought of Dramatis Vocabulum, but I'm sure there's a better answer ...
4
votes
2answers
367 views

Translate "Now and Forever" into Latin

On Gary Numan's new album Intruder, he has a song called Now and Forever, which also uses that line repeatedly throughout the song. How would you express this in Latin? The lyrics are from a first-...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

How would you translate γέγονεν in John 1:15?

I'm translating the 15th verse of John 1, and I'm curious to know the nuances of translating the phrase ὁ ὀπίσω μου ἐρχόμενος ἔμπροσθέν μου γέγονεν, and especially the word γέγονεν. Below is the NA28 ...
7
votes
1answer
180 views

List of locations in a play (analogue of ‘Dramatis Personae’)

The phrase ‘Dramatis Personae’ is conventionally used to describe a list of characters in a play. What would be an analogous phrase to describe a list of places/locations/settings (eg ‘Elsinore, ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

How this phrase could be written in classical latin?

How would the phrase "Vi veri vniversum vivvs vici" be written in Classical Latin? As far as I know, it is by Christopher Marlowe, originally written as Vi veri vniversum vivus vici, used in ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you say "I am vaccinated" in Latin?

How do you say that you have been vaccinated in Latin? I'm not sure how to construct this tense, and I'm not familiar with a modern Latin verb for "vaccinate".
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Did the Romans have a word for "genius"?

I am looking for a Latin word corresponding to the common modern English sense of the word "genius", a person with extraordinary ability in a specific field. I do not want to refer to the ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Determining the etymology of words in Latin

I am interested in the etymology of words in Latin. Is there a resource available that could help me determine if a word is specifically from Old, New or Vulgar Latin etc. according to a time it is ...

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