Questions tagged [subordinate-clause]

Subordinate clauses are clauses controlled by another clause in the same sentence.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
2answers
182 views

Subjunctive with adverb “quam”

Passage: “Quam autem civitati carus fuerit, maerore funeris indicatum est.” Cic. Amic. 11 My translation in English: «Moreover, how dear he was to the citizenry was indicated by the grief of his ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

(Informal) Indirect Speech

In Q: Memento quod <subjunctive> brianpck cited five examples from the Latin Vulgate (Fourth Century). Taking one of these: "memento quod et ipse servieris in Aegypto et eduxerit te inde ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Why the Perfect Subjunctive?

In this question, R.B. Jawad asked for a translation of two sentences. The second of these: "canuntur quando reversi fuerint et appropinquant regias ecclesie (sic)." was translated by brianpck: ...
4
votes
2answers
230 views

Why does this sentence have an ablative subject for an indirect subordinate clause?

In this sentence, hoc anno is the subject of esse, so I expect it to be in the accusative, "hunc annum". Also, futura should agree in gender to annus, masculine. What am I missing? (If it's ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Deploying “Ut”/ “Quod”/ “Quin” plus Subjunctive

The use of ut + subjunctive in final/ purpose clauses is well-known/ well-established. But "quod" & "quin" seem to be deployed in near-identical circumstances e.g. in Ex 197 (North & Hillard): ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Is active periphrastic conjugation compulsory in consecutio temporum?

There is a rule which I have learned to know and love by the name consecutio temporum, and it governs the tense of a conjunctive predicate in (many) subordinate clauses. All three Latin Grammars I ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Why isn't “Puto deus fio” grammatically incorrect?

According to Suetonius, the final words of emperor Vespasian were "Vae! Puto deus fio" which translates to "Alas! I think I'm becoming a god". But the 'proper' way of saying this would be using an ...
8
votes
1answer
475 views

Jenney's Second Year Latin, Lesson 12, exercise E: Ut clauses and how to translate English infinitives

I'd like some clarification on the possible translations of "to see you." I'm teaching Jenney's Second-Year Latin (1990, Prentice-Hall edition). In the introduction to Lesson 12 (page 138), the book ...
8
votes
2answers
129 views

A type of subordinating construction governing the dative?

Here is a line from Aeneid 6:563, along with my gloss of the parts of speech and the formal inflectional categories and proposed free translation. nulli fas casto sceleratum insistere ...
10
votes
2answers
140 views

Choosing conjunctive tenses in a clause subordinate to a subordinate clause

I will phrase my question through an example. Consider this sentence in English: I do not know whether you wrote where you are. This has one governing clause ("I do not know") and two indirect ...
8
votes
2answers
294 views

Consecutio temporum et praesens historicum

Sometimes in an intensive narrative the present tense is used to refer to past events. Such use of the present tense is called praesens historicum. It is formally present but semantically past. How ...
7
votes
1answer
503 views

Fieri potest with final ut or explicative quod

Suppose I want to say: It can happen that my horse dies. I do not want to say "my horse can die", but I want to keep this structure where the thing that happens is in a subordinate clause. ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between cum, quia and quod in a causal clause?

I asked yesterday about the difference between causal clauses and causal relative clauses, and I was surprised by a comment: apparently there is a difference between causal cum clauses and causal quia ...
4
votes
0answers
166 views

Are causal relative clauses stylistically preferred to causal clauses?

In Latin a relative clause can be causal and the causal nature can be emphasized with quippe, ut, utpote or praesertim. A causal relative clause can always be replaced with a causal clause, but not ...
11
votes
2answers
242 views

Can Latin “inde” introduce a temporal clause?

Lines one and two of book 2 of Vergil's Aeneid sparked this question: Conticuere omnes intentique ora tenebant inde toro pater Aeneas sic orsus ab alto: I had two interpretations. My first ...
5
votes
2answers
141 views

Is ūnō a relative pronoun in this sentence?

I can't understand what ūnō means in this sentence, or what grammatical role it provides: uxor quae bona est ūnō uirō est contenta. The sentence is from page 70 of A Latin Grammar by James ...
7
votes
1answer
296 views

How to choose tense of conjunctive in a clause subordinate to an accusativus cum infinitivo structure?

The tense for a conjunctive predicate in a subordinate clause can be chosen following the consecutio temporum rule. The tense depends on the tense of the main clause. But how to choose the tense when ...