Questions tagged [subordinate-clause]

Subordinate clauses are clauses controlled by another clause in the same sentence.

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Conjunctive "cum" + indicative in Menaechmi

In the last scene of Menaechmi, Plautus wrote Pol profecto haud est dissimilis, meam cum formam noscito. (Line 1065) Henry T. Riley's translation gives: Troth, it really is not unlike, so far as I ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
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What are the usages of the doubting clauses here?

On P327 in Section 116. Doubting Clauses of Keller's Learn to Read Latin: When an indirect question introduced by num, an (whether), or another interrogative word is preceded by a verb or other ...
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What are the differences between conditional and proviso clauses?

In Keller's Learn to Read Latin: The conjunction dum, sometimes strengthened by the adverb modo, "only", may introduce a subordinate clause stating a provision under which the event of the ...
Tim's user avatar
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"nemo aliquid facit nisi qui" + indicative or subjunctive

In another question, a reference was given to Varro: De subus nemini ignotum, nisi qui apros non putat sues vocari. which was translated as: As to swine, everybody knows — except those who think ...
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Indirect command in subordinate clause [duplicate]

Consider the indirect command "He ordered them to do it," translated as Imperavit eis ut id facerent. The subordinate verb is in the imperfect subjunctive because the main verb is perfect. ...
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Oblique cases and 'si quis'

It is convenient to formulate conditions with si quis, for example: Si quis me audiet canentem, non gaudebit. If anyone hears me singing, they will not enjoy it. Here the same unnamed person is the ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
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Accusative case marking of subjects in infinitival clauses

The present question is based on a previous discussion with Draconis and on a previous question raised by Joonas. The Accusativus cum Infinitivo (AcI) construction is often regarded in linguistics as ...
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Can a gerund introduce a subordinate clause?

Reading this recent question about whether the main verb introducing a purpose clause with ut can be in the passive voice, I thought about writing an answer that basically said: The main verb can be ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
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On the syntax of 'Cogitate quantis laboribus fundatum imperium (...) una nox paene delerit' (Cic. Cat. 4, 19)

Picking up the thread of analyzing beautiful structures involving participles in Cicero's works (e.g. see this link), I'd like to raise a question about the syntax of the following complex sentence. ...
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Subjunctive with adverb “quam”

Passage: “Quam autem civitati carus fuerit, maerore funeris indicatum est.” Cic. Amic. 11 My translation in English: «Moreover, how dear he was to the citizenry was indicated by the grief of his ...
Felix Nescienti's user avatar
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(Informal) Indirect Speech

In Q: Memento quod <subjunctive> brianpck cited five examples from the Latin Vulgate (Fourth Century). Taking one of these: "memento quod et ipse servieris in Aegypto et eduxerit te inde ...
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Why the Perfect Subjunctive?

In this question, R.B. Jawad asked for a translation of two sentences. The second of these: "canuntur quando reversi fuerint et appropinquant regias ecclesie (sic)." was translated by brianpck: ...
tony's user avatar
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Why does this sentence have an ablative subject for an indirect subordinate clause?

In this sentence, hoc anno is the subject of esse, so I expect it to be in the accusative, "hunc annum". Also, futura should agree in gender to annus, masculine. What am I missing? (If it's ...
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Confusion between Direct Speech / Subordinate Clause(s) / Indirect Speech

In the 2011 re-make of "Ben Hur" Pontius Pilate (Hugh Bonneville) advised a colleague that Caesar was not about to return a job to him, to which he is unsuited, which he cannot do. The first ...
tony's user avatar
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Superlatives In Subordinate Clauses

North & Hillard Ex. 198 begins: "It was already dawning when the general gave the signal, promising a great reward to the first man who climbed the walls." The translation: "iam illucescebat cum ...
tony's user avatar
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Deploying "Ut"/ "Quod"/ "Quin" plus Subjunctive

The use of ut + subjunctive in final/ purpose clauses is well-known/ well-established. But "quod" & "quin" seem to be deployed in near-identical circumstances e.g. in Ex 197 (North & Hillard): ...
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Is active periphrastic conjugation compulsory in consecutio temporum?

There is a rule which I have learned to know and love by the name consecutio temporum, and it governs the tense of a conjunctive predicate in (many) subordinate clauses. All three Latin Grammars I ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
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Why isn't "Puto deus fio" grammatically incorrect?

According to Suetonius, the final words of emperor Vespasian were "Vae! Puto deus fio" which translates to "Alas! I think I'm becoming a god". But the 'proper' way of saying this would be using an ...
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Jenney's Second Year Latin, Lesson 12, exercise E: Ut clauses and how to translate English infinitives

I'd like some clarification on the possible translations of "to see you." I'm teaching Jenney's Second-Year Latin (1990, Prentice-Hall edition). In the introduction to Lesson 12 (page 138), the book ...
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A type of subordinating construction governing the dative?

Here is a line from Aeneid 6:563, along with my gloss of the parts of speech and the formal inflectional categories and proposed free translation. nulli fas casto sceleratum insistere ...
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3 answers
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Choosing conjunctive tenses in a clause subordinate to a subordinate clause

I will phrase my question through an example. Consider this sentence in English: I do not know whether you wrote where you are. This has one governing clause ("I do not know") and two ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
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Consecutio temporum et praesens historicum

Sometimes in an intensive narrative the present tense is used to refer to past events. Such use of the present tense is called praesens historicum. It is formally present but semantically past. How ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
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Fieri potest with final ut or explicative quod

Suppose I want to say: It can happen that my horse dies. I do not want to say "my horse can die", but I want to keep this structure where the thing that happens is in a subordinate clause. ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
8 votes
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What is the difference between cum, quia and quod in a causal clause?

I asked yesterday about the difference between causal clauses and causal relative clauses, and I was surprised by a comment: apparently there is a difference between causal cum clauses and causal quia ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
4 votes
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Are causal relative clauses stylistically preferred to causal clauses?

In Latin a relative clause can be causal and the causal nature can be emphasized with quippe, ut, utpote or praesertim. A causal relative clause can always be replaced with a causal clause, but not ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
11 votes
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Can Latin "inde" introduce a temporal clause?

Lines one and two of book 2 of Vergil's Aeneid sparked this question: Conticuere omnes intentique ora tenebant inde toro pater Aeneas sic orsus ab alto: I had two interpretations. My first ...
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Is ūnō a relative pronoun in this sentence?

I can't understand what ūnō means in this sentence, or what grammatical role it provides: uxor quae bona est ūnō uirō est contenta. The sentence is from page 70 of A Latin Grammar by James ...
Luke Sheppard's user avatar
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How to choose tense of conjunctive in a clause subordinate to an accusativus cum infinitivo structure?

The tense for a conjunctive predicate in a subordinate clause can be chosen following the consecutio temporum rule. The tense depends on the tense of the main clause. But how to choose the tense when ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar