Questions tagged [spinoza]

For questions about the Latin language as used by the philosopher Spinoza.

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English translation of a philosophical quote from Spinoza in Latin

Notandum, dari necessario unius cujusque rei existentis certam aliquam CAUSAM, propter quam existit. Et notandum, hanc causam, propter quam aliqua res existit, vel debere contineri in ipsa natura et ...
6
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1answer
157 views

Ethics of Spinoza: producendam

Spinoza, Ethics, De Deo, Propositio 33, Scholium 1: res aliqua impossibilis dicitur; nimirum quia vel ipsius essentia seu definitio contradictionem involvit vel quia nulla causa externa datur ad ...
4
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1answer
143 views

Ethics of Spinoza - forte ea de causa

Spinoza, Ethics, De Deo, Propositio 28, Scholium: Sequitur quod Deus non potest proprie dici causa esse remota rerum singularium nisi forte ea de causa ut scilicet has ab iis quas immediate produxit ...
3
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1answer
100 views

Partitive genitive in Spinoza

Spinoza, Ethics, De Deo, Propositio 15, Scholium: Sane rerum quae realiter ab invicem distinctae sunt, una sine alia esse et in suo statu manere potest Is rerum partitive genitive and is it ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Ethics of Spinoza - Question about Translation

Spinoza, Ethics, De Dei, Propositio 15, Scholium: Si igitur ipsi ex suo hoc absurdo concludere tamen volunt substantiam extensam debere esse finitam, nihil aliud hercle faciunt quam si quis ex eo ...
6
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1answer
88 views

Using perfect participle as perfect active participle

Is perfect participle, in spite of the general notion, used both as perfect passive participle and perfect active participle? Spinoza, Ethics, De Dei, Propositio 15, Scholium: nam omnes qui ...
1
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1answer
72 views

The Nominative Case Uses

Spinoza writes in the last passage of Ethics: Cum contra sapiens, quatenus ut talis consideratur, vix animo movetur, sed sui et Dei et rerum aeterna quadam necessitate conscius nunquam esse desinit,...
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2answers
59 views

Genitive with assigno

In Ethics, De Dei, Proposition 11, Second demonstration we read: Cujuscunque rei assignari debet causa seu ratio tam cur existit quam cur non existit cujuscunque rei is genitive, but ...
2
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4answers
101 views

Ethics of Spinoza - Translation of “sit” and “satis”

Spinoza's ethics, On the God, Proposition 8, Scholium 2: ut satis attendenti sit manifestum 4 translations of this sentence: White: as is evident to any one who pays a little attention Shirley: ...
5
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1answer
173 views

About Spinoza's Latin

As Spinoza wrote in post-Renaissance times, I would imagine that his Latin was inspired by that of the humanists, which in turn was inspired by that in which Cicero himself wrote. Is my logical ...
8
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1answer
233 views

What is the exact translation of 'solummodo'?

What is the exact meaning of 'solummodo'? I take it is an adverb, perhaps? Encountered this in new Latin, more precisely in Spinoza's Ethics. It is translated as 'only', but it is not in my dictionary,...
3
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1answer
171 views

Infinitive ' habere ' usage in this sentence

How to understand a meaning of the infinitive 'habere' here, is it here as a subject (The Infinitive as a Subject, Gildersleeve & Lodge, page 275)? Nam cum posse existere potentia sit, sequitur ...
8
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1answer
666 views

'…quo plus…, eo plus … ' translation?

Here is a really complicated sentence, I am trying to understand how to translate it: Nam cum posse existere potentia sit, sequitur quo plus realitatis alicujus rei naturæ competit eo plus virium a ...
8
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1answer
119 views

Is 'extra' an adverb or preposition here?

At hæc causa (per notam II et III) non potest in ipsa natura humana contineri quandoquidem vera hominis definitio numerum vicenarium non involvit adeoque (per notam IV) causa cur hi viginti homines ...
5
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1answer
267 views

What is the Nominative of 'uniuscuiusque'?

This is taken from Spinoza's Ethics: notandum est Iƒ veram uniuscujusque rei definitionem nihil involvere neque exprimere præter rei definitæ naturam. As I can see, it is Adjective in Genitive and ...
7
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1answer
350 views

'idem hercle esset' meaning?

What could be the meaning of hercle in this context? Si quis ergo diceret se claram et distinctam hoc est veram ideam substantiæ habere et nihilominus dubitare num talis substantia existat, idem ...
6
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2answers
929 views

'Unde' and 'fit ut' meaning in this context

I would like to know how to understand unde in the last sentence: SCHOLIUM II: Non dubito quin omnibus qui de rebus confuse judicant nec res per primas suas causas noscere consueverunt, difficile ...
10
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2answers
538 views

“Non possunt dari” translation

Please could someone explain what I am missing here? In Spinoza's The Ethics, Proposition V is said: PROPOSITIO V: In rerum natura non possunt dari duæ aut plures substantiæ ejusdem naturæ sive ...