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Questions tagged [romance-languages]

For questions related to the process of vulgar/medieval Latin becoming modern Romance languages

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Etymological connection calx-calcaneum, callis, callum

Calx-calcaneum (heel) has resulted in many parallel and similar words across Romance: călcâi in Romanian, cãlcãnju in Aromanian, calcagno in Italian, Galician calcañar/calcaño etc. Callis (rough ...
cipricus's user avatar
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5 votes
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How did Latin's inchoative verb endings (-sco) get very productive in the Romance languages?

How did this particular suffix scheme get so common in the daughter Romance languages? Take Latin: finire, finio Then look at Spanish: fenecer, fenezco Italian: finire, finisco French: finir, je finis ...
VivatLinguaLatina's user avatar
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Has the word 'focus' ever meant 'fire' in Latin literature?

I ask this because in virtually all the Romance languages, the respective descendants simply mean fire, yet when I come across the term in classical literature specifically, it usually meant 'hearth'. ...
VivatLinguaLatina's user avatar
2 votes
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When do the demonstratives ille, illa, illud become reduced definite articles?

More specifically, what are the first attestations of the nascent reduced forms of the definite articles in Latin (or Proto-Romance) e.g. Latin illam > la?
VivatLinguaLatina's user avatar
2 votes
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auscultare < aus - clutare

A question was asked on French stackexchange about ausculter as a medical term and when it started being used in that sense. The meaning seems to go back to the early 19th century and Laennec, the ...
grandtout's user avatar
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1 vote
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I can't find via Google "Flumen" diminutives

I have difficulties finding this word' possible diminutives.. this substantive ending in most declesions problematic -en. I answer Google: Google does not give me hypotetic resultates.
ephesinus's user avatar
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Possibility of Vulgar Latin or Old Romanian origins of "Akoldo" and "Dir" in medieval Primary Chronicles of Kievan Rus

The names "Akoldo" (that's how he was called for the first time, and later he is mentioned as Askold) and "Dir" are mentioned as the first Varangian rulers of Kiev in the medieval ...
Damir's user avatar
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Did Classical Latin sound like singing at times like Italian does?

Plesae note that this question is different from a previous question of mine! Songs being sung in Classical Latin literature Did Classical Latin sound like singing at times and if so did Classical ...
Ana Maria's user avatar
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How did sedeo, sedere supplant some forms of sum, esse in Vulgar Latin?

I had learned that the Romance languages' copulas come from Latin's sum verb obviously, but not all of its forms transferred over. Specifically the verb's present subjunctive forms seem to have been ...
VivatLinguaLatina's user avatar