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Questions tagged [romance-languages]

For questions related to the process of vulgar/medieval Latin becoming modern Romance languages

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6 votes
1 answer
366 views

Is the ancient word Greek πῐ́θηκος / píthēkos ("monkey") attested with the meaning "dwarf" more than once?

I am interested in the obscure etymology of popular Romanian word "pitic" (n.m. "dwarf", adj. "of small stature"). It might have a connection with the Latin line that led ...
cipricus's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
271 views

When did the penult stress rule disappear?

Classical Latin stress was famously based on the "penult rule": stress goes on the penult if heavy, the antepenult otherwise. In later Latin, vowel length seems to have been lost very early: before ...
Draconis's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
450 views

What evidence points to a long ō in the first syllable of nōscō's present-tense form?

I've read in various sources that the verb nosco 'know' had a long vowel in the first syllable in Classical Latin pronunciation: nōscō [noːskoː]. I'm wondering what the linguistic evidence is for the ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
313 views

Bisyllables ending in -ex/ix: Does the accusative stress always fall on the same part?

Bisyllables ending in x. Does the accusative stress always fall on the same part as Felix-Felīcem Helix-Helicem(strangely in Italian it results Hêlica) Fenix-Fenīcem (Fenîce) Syrex-Syrīcis (Sírice in ...
ephesinus's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
283 views

Latin version of "non ho che un" or "je n'ai qu'un"

At least Italian and French have an idiomatic way to say "I have only one friend": Non ho che un amico. Je n'ai qu'un ami. Finnish has the same thing: "Minulla ei ole kuin yksi ystävä....
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
382 views

Is the word "pitikkus" (meaning small) attested in Vulgar (or other) Latin?

Being interested in the obscure etymology of popular Romanian word "pitic" (n.m. "dwarf", adj. "of small stature") I have oddly concentrated only on a possible Greek-...
cipricus's user avatar
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