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Questions tagged [proto-italic]

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10 votes
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How can I translate the names of the Proto-Indo-European gods and goddesses into Latin?

What would be the best Latin translation of the following two main Proto-Indo-European gods? *Dyḗws Ph₂tḗr (sky father) *Dʰéǵʰōm Méh₂tēr (earth mother) I would like to use words directly derived ...
SkyFather's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer

When did Old Latin develop initial stress?

The stress system of Classical Latin is thought to have been preceded by a period of fixed initial stress. When did that earlier system arise, replacing the inherited Proto-Indo-European mobile accent?...
TKR's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer

How did "djēm" avoid palatalization?

While posting an answer to this question, I looked back at an answer I'd written on another site, which mentions the strange case of Latin diēs < PIt *diēm. In particular: The accusative form ...
Draconis's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer

Does the Latin nosco come from Greek?

Does the Latin verb nosco come from Greek, or did the shared root (cf. γιγνώσκω) end up in Greek and Latin separately? According to Wiktionary, it seems to be the latter case, as the free dictionary ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer

Why does “inferus” have /f/ rather than /d/?

I found various sources indicating that the Latin word inferus (or infer) comes from a Proto-Indo-European form like *n̥dʰer, the source of English “under” and Sanskrit adhara, adhas. (The Sanskrit ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer

Was there ever dual conjugation in Latin?

Latin effectively lost its dual number. It left behind some remnants, most notably duo and ambo. However, all examples or relics of the dual number in Latin I have seen are in declension. I would ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar