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Questions tagged [place-names]

For questions about naming cities, countries, islands and other places in Latin.

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Are there any relationships between the given name Pompeius and the city name Pompeii?

Are there any relationships between the given name Pompeius (like in Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) and the city name Pompeii (the city thas was destroyed in a volcanic eruption? What do they mean?
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Do plural names referring to a singular thing require a plural verb?

Another question related to my geography of the Roman Empire which I am writing has arisen: during the time of Trajan, 117 AD, there were several provinces which had names in the plural, especially ...
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1answer
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Meaning of Aquae Sextiae

The Battle of Aquae Sextiae is the site where the Teutones and Ambrones were defeated by the Romans under Gaius Marius in 102 BC. What does this place name in English? It is located in modern-day ...
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1answer
308 views

What does the Latin place name 'Rezii' refer to?

I came across a book published in 1753 with the publisher location listed as 'Rezii'. I cannot find any reference to this name online. Here is a link to the book information. The only libraries that ...
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2answers
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Does Malta use the locative?

The locative is used to express a location in a city or a small island, e.g. Romae instead of in Roma. But it's not entirely clear which islands are small. I am currently on Malta and I'm curious to ...
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3answers
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What is the etymology of the Latin name of Cambridge?

Cambridge is known in Latin as Cantabrigia, and I do not recall seeing other names in use. What is the etymology of this name and how does it relate to the English one? It does remotely resemble the ...
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Mediterranean Sea name in Old Latin

It is well known that the Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as mare nostrum, especially after the Punic Wars when they had claimed Iberia, Northern Africa, Sicily, etc. But what did they ...
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1answer
86 views

Does Fontana di Trevi have a Latin name?

Fontana di Trevi is a fountain in Rome, built in 1762. Does it have a (trustworthy) Latin name? The Latin Wikipedia page uses the name Fontana Trebii, but no reference is given. This name appears to ...
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1answer
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How did the Romans latinize foreign names (personal, place names)?

I am looking for references to linguistic work on latinization of foreign names by the Romans from the earliest days to the early centuries AD. As this is perhaps quite a wide topic, some field review ...
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4answers
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Quomodo “Bloomington” reddere?

How do you say "Bloomington" in Latin? I figure that the text of a Latin diploma for a degree granted in Bloomington would likely be authoritative, but I haven't found one yet. This nice old book, ...
7
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1answer
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Deriving adjectives from city names

One can often derive adjectives from city names, the most famous example probably being Romanus from Roma. Such derivatives are typically formed with -anus or -ensis. My impression is that -anus is ...
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1answer
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What is Eura called in Latin?

What is the name of the municipality (small city) Eura in Latin? The name in Finnish and Swedish is Eura and it would be reasonable that the Latin name is the same. However, I haven't managed to find ...
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Is 'Delphī' a second declension word?

From the genitive 'Delphōrum', it seems to belong to the second declension. But is it used as a singular or a plural?
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Latin declension of a proper name, especially a city name

How can I figure out the Latin declension of a proper name, especially a city name? For example, consider the city of Marash in Turkey. It appears in various forms in medieval Latin sources: Marasim, ...
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2answers
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Etymology of “Fenni” in Tacitus

Tacitus mentions the people Fenni in Germania (46), and this people lived somewhere near modern Finland. I am interested in the etymology of this word. Do we know where Tacitus got the word Fennus? ...
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1answer
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What are your views on inventing place-names in Latin?

This is a kind of extension to the question about -landia as a proper way of forming a country's Latin name. Correspondents, usually helpful, comment on my Latin syntax and, ever seeking improvement, ...
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1answer
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Is “-landia” good Latin?

Several Latin names of modern countries end in -landia if the corresponding English name ends in -land: Islandia, Nederlandia, Irlandia, Thailandia, Finlandia (also Finnia). England has a much older ...
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What are the Latin names for modern countries?

With the Olympics starting this week, I got interested in all the countries of the world. Naturally, I would like to know the Latin names for modern countries. I have only been able to find a few ...
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Why is the language of ancient Rome called “Latin” instead of “Roman”?

Nearly every human language is named after the people who spoke it, from ancient Egyptian, Hebrew and Greek, to modern tongues such as English, German and Chinese. And then we have the language of the ...