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For questions about naming cities, countries, islands and other places in Latin.

9
votes
1answer
301 views

What does the Latin place name 'Rezii' refer to?

I came across a book published in 1753 with the publisher location listed as 'Rezii'. I cannot find any reference to this name online. Here is a link to the book information. The only libraries that ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Does Malta use the locative?

The locative is used to express a location in a city or a small island, e.g. Romae instead of in Roma. But it's not entirely clear which islands are small. I am currently on Malta and I'm curious to ...
2
votes
3answers
116 views

What is the etymology of the Latin name of Cambridge?

Cambridge is known in Latin as Cantabrigia, and I do not recall seeing other names in use. What is the etymology of this name and how does it relate to the English one? It does remotely resemble the ...
6
votes
2answers
160 views

Mediterranean Sea name in Old Latin

It is well known that the Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as mare nostrum, especially after the Punic Wars when they had claimed Iberia, Northern Africa, Sicily, etc. But what did they ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Does Fontana di Trevi have a Latin name?

Fontana di Trevi is a fountain in Rome, built in 1762. Does it have a (trustworthy) Latin name? The Latin Wikipedia page uses the name Fontana Trebii, but no reference is given. This name appears to ...
7
votes
1answer
97 views

How did the Romans latinize foreign names (personal, place names)?

I am looking for references to linguistic work on latinization of foreign names by the Romans from the earliest days to the early centuries AD. As this is perhaps quite a wide topic, some field review ...
7
votes
4answers
147 views

Quomodo “Bloomington” reddere?

How do you say "Bloomington" in Latin? I figure that the text of a Latin diploma for a degree granted in Bloomington would likely be authoritative, but I haven't found one yet. This nice old book, ...
7
votes
1answer
68 views

Deriving adjectives from city names

One can often derive adjectives from city names, the most famous example probably being Romanus from Roma. Such derivatives are typically formed with -anus or -ensis. My impression is that -anus is ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What is Eura called in Latin?

What is the name of the municipality (small city) Eura in Latin? The name in Finnish and Swedish is Eura and it would be reasonable that the Latin name is the same. However, I haven't managed to find ...
7
votes
1answer
475 views

Is 'Delphī' a second declension word?

From the genitive 'Delphōrum', it seems to belong to the second declension. But is it used as a singular or a plural?
8
votes
2answers
542 views

Latin declension of a proper name, especially a city name

How can I figure out the Latin declension of a proper name, especially a city name? For example, consider the city of Marash in Turkey. It appears in various forms in medieval Latin sources: Marasim, ...
9
votes
2answers
131 views

Etymology of “Fenni” in Tacitus

Tacitus mentions the people Fenni in Germania (46), and this people lived somewhere near modern Finland. I am interested in the etymology of this word. Do we know where Tacitus got the word Fennus? ...
7
votes
1answer
84 views

What are your views on inventing place-names in Latin?

This is a kind of extension to the question about -landia as a proper way of forming a country's Latin name. Correspondents, usually helpful, comment on my Latin syntax and, ever seeking improvement, ...
8
votes
1answer
168 views

Is “-landia” good Latin?

Several Latin names of modern countries end in -landia if the corresponding English name ends in -land: Islandia, Nederlandia, Irlandia, Thailandia, Finlandia (also Finnia). England has a much older ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the Latin names for modern countries?

With the Olympics starting this week, I got interested in all the countries of the world. Naturally, I would like to know the Latin names for modern countries. I have only been able to find a few ...
41
votes
3answers
11k views

Why is the language of ancient Rome called “Latin” instead of “Roman”?

Nearly every human language is named after the people who spoke it, from ancient Egyptian, Hebrew and Greek, to modern tongues such as English, German and Chinese. And then we have the language of the ...