Questions tagged [particle]

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6
votes
2answers
149 views

How can I intensify a phrase?

In everyday English, obscene words like "fuck" and "hell" have been somewhat semantically bleached into intensifiers. For example, "fucking ridiculous" and "weird as hell" are common idioms that aren'...
7
votes
0answers
508 views

Meaning of “quod si”

I'm having trouble with quod sī. L&S offers, under the definition of quod, With other particles, as si, nisi, utinam, ubi, etc., always with reference to something which precedes (very freq.), ...
12
votes
1answer
274 views

Does “ad” have its origin in Hebrew/Semitic languages?

The sources I've read usually say that 'ad' (i.e., in 'ad infinitum') is derived from Proto-Indo-European *ád ‎("near, at"). However, they don't refer any Semitic origins. But here's an excerpt from ...
7
votes
1answer
93 views

(Greek) what's a “γε causal”?

I read in the very beginning of Platon's Laches (perseus edition): τεθέασθε μὲν τὸν ἄνδρα μαχόμενον ἐν ὅπλοις, ὦ Νικία τε καὶ Λάχης: οὗ δ᾽ ἕνεκα ὑμᾶς ἐκελεύσαμεν συνθεάσασθαι ἐγώ τε καὶ Μελησίας ...
7
votes
2answers
155 views

When does si mean “that”?

In the Vulgate (Acts 26:22-23), I came across the following: ...nihil extra dicens quam ea quæ prophetæ locuti sunt futura esse, et Moyses, si passibilis Christus, si primus ex resurrectione ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

Ne … quidem with preposition

What would be the translation of: He does not play even with his brother? Could it be: Ne cum fratre suo quidem ludit? Normally I have seen the structure ne ... quidem with a noun in the nominative ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Where to put the enclitic -ne?

The enclitic particle -ne can be used to form a binary (yes/no) question. I would like to know how attaching it to different words changes the meaning of the question. I have a clear idea of how it ...
7
votes
1answer
222 views

How to swear by a god?

Suppose I'd like to invoke a deity for mild profanity: the equivalent of "yes, by Zeus!" or "no, by Zeus!". I know that in Attic, μά + accusative was fairly neutral; a simple μὰ τὸν Δία, possibly ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

Combining verbs with ecce or en

I am puzzled about the syntactical role of ecce and en. I feel comfortable using them with nouns (ecce camelopardalis meus, "here is my giraffe" or "look, my giraffe"), and I would like to know if ...
6
votes
4answers
475 views

How to say “as” emphatically?

Consider the sentence "Marcus spoke as a manager". Imagine that Marcus was speaking at a company event, and he gave his speech as a manager, not as a coworker — as a representative of the ...
4
votes
0answers
130 views

Are causal relative clauses stylistically preferred to causal clauses?

In Latin a relative clause can be causal and the causal nature can be emphasized with quippe, ut, utpote or praesertim. A causal relative clause can always be replaced with a causal clause, but not ...