Questions tagged [new-latin]

Questions regarding Latin in the modern era, approximately 1400–1900

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2 answers
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Is *Moscovia* a latinists' invention?

Quoting this article on Grammatica Russica by Heinrich Wilhelm Ludolf: The Russian city of Novgorod (literally ‘new town’) becomes (in the ablative case) Novogorodio. Moscow is Moscovia, though it ...
2 votes
0 answers
94 views

Help with more neo-Latin: making sense of a Hebrew calque

Hello: I am back again with more neo-Latin from Lawrence of Brindisi. This time, it's his Latin rendering of Psalm 45:13-14 "tota gloriosa filia regis intrinsecus propter intertexturas, induta ...
4 votes
1 answer
107 views

Use of the subjunctive in a quod-clause in Renaissance Latin

I am translating this sentence from Lawrence of Brindisi: "quod autem omni gratia plena fuerit Maria, Spiritus Sanctus, qui fons est totius gratiae, multis ostendit in Cantico Salominis. Primo ...
6 votes
0 answers
162 views

What does ut mean in this sentence

I'm struggling to find the right translation for 'ut' in the sentence below. For context, it's part of a property transaction in a Manorial Court Roll from circa 1700. Willelmus Taylor dedit Domino ...
5 votes
1 answer
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What is the meaning of praeprimis?

I came across the word "praeprimis" when reading some 17th century Latin (Experimenta nova, Otto von Guericke, b. 4 ch. 15 ). To my best guess, it's a combination of "praecipue" ...
2 votes
1 answer
67 views

What were the typographical rules for the title pages of New Latin books?

Many New Latin book title pages look like the following: What are the rules or at least the habits followed for which part of the title is either italicized, capitalized, etc.? I guess it has ...
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5 votes
1 answer
100 views

Meaning of "pro temperiei diversitate" in Guericke's Experimenta Nova

Otto von Guericke, in Experimenta Nova (1672), is describing how a feather floats above a globe of sulphur. In this quote, I'm interested in the phrase "pro temperiei diversitate", which I ...
6 votes
1 answer
517 views

What does “per se praeclarissima videtur” mean when talking about a difficult problem?

I am translating De numeris primis valde magnis by Leonhard Euler and I am somewhat puzzled by the following phrase on the second page: “per se praeclarissima videtur”. Ac profecto natura numerorum ...
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2 votes
0 answers
54 views

What numbers (e.g. 0, -1, or 1.0) are plurals in Latin?

The basic question is: With which numbers should I use a plural form of the noun? Background: English In English it seems to me that the only singular number is 1 (and maybe -1), but everything else ...
6 votes
1 answer
197 views

What does 'spatio pollicarir emotius' mean in Otto von Guericke's Experimenta Nova?

In Otto von Guericke's Experimenta Nova (1672) he says (in reference to experiments showing how a feather floats above and sometimes is reattracted to a globe of sulphur): Filum lineum, si acumini ...
5 votes
0 answers
54 views

Why "absolute" instead of "absolutam"?

There's a famous piece of mathematics by János Bolyai, originally published in Latin, under the title Scientiam Spatii Absolute Veram Exhibens: A Veritate Aut Falsitate Axiomatis XI Euclidei, A Priori ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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What is the modern day pronunciation of v in Latin as in van or as a w? And is the c soft as in cellar or hard as in cat?

What is the modern day pronunciation of v in Latin (as in van) or as a w sound? And is the c soft as in cellar or hard as in cat?
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5 votes
1 answer
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Gender of Street Names and Village Locations

I can find references on the gender of countries and cities, but nothing on street names or small locations (say within a village). Transcribing Manorial Records of the late 17th century, I have a ...
6 votes
1 answer
257 views

Transcribing Latin with or without ligatures -- is there an agreed convention

I'm working on the transcription of some late seventeenth century English Manorial Court Rolls in Latin. They're heavily abbreviated. In some places the scribe has visibly written a ligature in e.g. ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Synchronization primitive in latin

I want to translate in to latin some of the names for the synchronization primitives I am programming. https://www.cs.columbia.edu/~hgs/os/sync.html Semaphore was quite easy, since it means a ...
2 votes
4 answers
318 views

Neolatin and contemporary Latin dictionary

What are some good, reliable English–Latin dictionary of Neolatin and contemporary Latin. The best one I've found so far is Morgan's Lexcon of Neo-Latin and Contemporary Latin Usage on the Paideia ...
3 votes
1 answer
116 views

Identifying a Latin abbreviation/symbol

While transcribing and translating some late 17th century Manorial Court rolls I have come across a frequently recurring symbol. I've referred to Capelli's The elements of abbreviation in medieval ...
3 votes
0 answers
44 views

Unde orta est sententia "Simplex sigillum veri"?

A little googling reveals that Simplex sigillum veri—"Simplicity is the seal of truth" or "The simple is the mark of the true"—is best known as the motto of Dutch physician ...
4 votes
2 answers
123 views

Translating words in a Manorial Court Roll of 1699

The proceedings in Manorial Courts in England before 1733 were recorded in Latin. I'm currently transcribing and translating a set of such documents dated 1699 (to the best to my ability -- I last ...
4 votes
1 answer
80 views

What does "arcularia" mean in the species name "Nassarius arcularia"?

I encountered the species name Nassarius arcularia and I'm very confused about its construction. Per Wikipedia, this name refers to a species of "nassa mud snails" or "dog whelks". ...
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8 votes
2 answers
825 views

What does the word "recusus" mean in book titles?

A bit of a mystery here (for someone not very well-versed in Latin at least). I often encounter the word recusus in book titles of the post-classical period, usually but not always in conjunction with ...
7 votes
2 answers
405 views

What is the subject of "venit" in this sentence from Naufragium?

Reading Naufragium by Erasmus (1523), I came across this sentence. I include the whole sentence for context, but I'm only asking about the part in bold: Circumspicienti tandem venit in mentem de ima ...
12 votes
0 answers
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the kiskis and kankan debate: primary sources

There's a very famous story about how in the middle of the sixteenth century the Sorbonne University filed a legal claim to the Parlement de Paris re: the correct pronunciation of qu- in Latin, viz. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
113 views

What are the verb conjugation names called in Latin?

What are the terms in Latin for the Latin verb conjugations? I would like to also know the Latin for the mixed conjugation (or if preferred that known as the io sub conjugation) and any term for verbs ...
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9 votes
3 answers
724 views

Is it grammatically correct to attributively use nominative forms of nouns in New Latin?

There are some muscle names in New Latin that seem to be nouns as far as I can tell, such as flexor and extensor. However, according to several Wikipedia articles for these muscles, they behave as if ...
10 votes
1 answer
194 views

Latin for "ground meat"

Trying to translate a cooking recipe into Latin, I stumbled upon the ingredient “ground meat” and wondered how to best render this in Latin. Since ground meat is not actually, well, ground (molita, ...
3 votes
2 answers
232 views

Does anyone know what the New Latin adaption of iens (family to eo) was?

I am guessing jens since j was the most common heading alphabet for replacing i as a first letter. Addendum for clarity: One of New Latin's nominations was the adjustment to spelling of certain words, ...
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to say "black market" in Latin?

How does one say "black market" in Latin? According to the OED, this word first originated in English in 1727.
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2 votes
2 answers
93 views

Translation help: Prospero Mandosio on Ottavio Durante

Preliminary note It was suggested I could split the question into several questions. If the community thinks this is a better approach, do let me know in the comments, and I will split it into two or ...
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10 votes
1 answer
812 views

How to pronounce "Roterodamus"?

The adjective roterodamus means “of Rotterdam” (the city in Holland). To lovers of Latin, unless they entertain an unusual interest in Dutch geography, the word is familiar probably primarily because ...
5 votes
3 answers
191 views

What was the decision regarding this Paris convent in 1561?

This is the decision of the General Chapter of the Dominicans regarding some trouble in the Paris convent in 1561. Fratres vero Antonium Abeli magistrum et Dominicum Sergent ut indignos denegamus, ...
3 votes
1 answer
102 views

Translation Help Needed in Euler's E025

Related to a previous question of mine, I'm working through the first paragraph of E025, Euler's Methodus Generalis Summandi Progressiones (available for download here). A translation has already been ...
3 votes
1 answer
116 views

What is the ablative construction at play here?

I am reading Historia plantarvm vniuersalis. There are many sentences I do not understand, but the particular one I would like to ask about is on page 10 (page 26 in the link): Literal transcription: ...
3 votes
1 answer
91 views

Tenses in the Christmas carol "Personent hodie"

There is a Christmas carol called "Personent hodie" written in Latin in Finland in the 16th century. In the third verse the three mages are described: Magi tres venerunt, munera offerunt, ...
5 votes
1 answer
207 views

Is this double accusative or hyperbaton or something else?

I've only been learning Latin for a month or so, but I'm specifically learning so that I can read scientific and mathematical texts from the 17th-19th centuries. It's slow going, of course- I'm only ...
3 votes
0 answers
100 views

Was the letter phi used in Latin?

Is there any evidence of the Greek letter phi being borrowed to write Latin words of Greek origin as φilosoφia for example? The question is not restricted to Classical Latin.
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is a latin stem for swap?

I don't know if I asked this question correctly, but what is a latin stem for swap? I don't specifically need it to be just swap. You can answer my question by saying a latin stm for switch, or ...
5 votes
1 answer
153 views

What are the Latin translations of the mathematical terms differentiating, integrating and parameterizing?

I didn't find any site that translates these verbs in the mathematical sense. What are the Latin translations of these terms, and are there any sites that offer Latin translations of modern ...
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3 votes
1 answer
163 views

"Gaza tamen aliquoties occiput vertit"

In a footnote of Vives' Dialogs (for the word "Ad brechma"): Ad Brechma, brechma, tis; sive bregma, pars anterior capitis, synciput a Breco Graeco, quod est pluo, et irrigo; haec enim pars ...
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6 votes
2 answers
963 views

Is there any new published book that is written in latin?

I wondered that is there any new book that is written in latin publishing now ? Like new latin books in 21st century. If so what is the difference of new published books from the literature of ...
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7 votes
1 answer
171 views

Can Veneti and Antuerpiae be vocatives?

I am puzzling over: caveat veneti et antuerpiae exemplo tiri et tu lundina This was written in the margin of a sixteenth-century commentary on Isaiah at chapter 23, which is on Tyre. My translation ...
6 votes
1 answer
189 views

Euler passage translation (Latin in 18th century)

I would like to include a translation of a brief passage from Euler's music text Tentamen novae theoriae musicae (1739) in an article I am writing, but find the original somewhat tricky to work with. ...
2 votes
2 answers
96 views

Why is Novarupta feminine?

Today is the anniversary of the Novarupta eruption, the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. Nova rupta is of course good Latin for "new broken thing", where the thing in question is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
180 views

19th century Latin textbooks?

What textbooks were used to teach Neo-Latin in primary, secondary, and higher education schools during the 19th century?
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5 votes
2 answers
297 views

What can be used as a Latin word for "Meltdown" (in the sense used for people with Autism)?

I have a lesser form of Autism (that generally doesn't really manifest much unless people actually live with me or in specific situations) and sometimes I can have a meltdown. I write a journal in ...
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6 votes
1 answer
370 views

Mountains and Mountain Ranges: Names

I have been recently enjoying Mark Walker's delightful translation of Professor Tolkien's masterpiece, The Hobbit (Hobbitus Ille). I was especially charmed by Tolkien's maps, translated into Latin (...
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7 votes
1 answer
434 views

Is there a New Latin word for Cyborg?

Good day! Originally cyborg came from English cybernatic organism. In Latin that would of course be organismus cyberneticus. Given the mouthful of that, it is no wonder that people tend to simply use ...
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4 votes
3 answers
478 views

Why is specifically "Latin America" called that when numerous other regions' languages are also based on the Latin language?

There's an entire major region, spanning the entire South America and parts of North America, called "Latin America". People there tend to speak Spanish and closely related languages. There's also the ...
9 votes
3 answers
2k views

How do you say "online" and "offline" in Latin?

Good day! How would you go about saying the expression "online" or "offline" in Latin? Maybe something like Portuguese Conectado and Desconectado (connected and disconnected)? Couldn't find it ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can I conclude something about pronunciation from I/J and U/V variation?

I reread the inscription in this question about the abbreviation D. O. M. dated to 1749: The variation between I and J caught my eye. It seems to me that: J is used in all consonantal positions. J ...