Questions tagged [neutrum]

For questions about neuter, one of grammatical genders together with masculine and feminine.

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6
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1answer
1k views

Does Latin have any neuter words for humans?

In Ancient Greek, diminutives are almost always neuter, regardless of the original noun's gender. This leads to words like paidíon, "small child" (from país "child"), which are neuter even though they ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Do first-declension neuter nouns or adjectives have plural forms?

Although almost all first-declension nouns are feminine or masculine, there seem to be a handful of adjectives that belong to the first declension for all genders, and at least one substantive noun, ...
3
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2answers
105 views

Was “Pascha” ever used as a neuter first-declension noun?

Before today, I thought that there was no neuter substantive1 noun with a nominative singular in a and a genitive singular in ae. However, I have encountered references to a possible exception: some ...
5
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1answer
89 views

How did vulgus get its ending?

Vulgus "crowd, mob, common people" is a neuter second-declension noun. But unlike most second-declension neuters, it ends in -us, like a masculine. How did this happen? Is there an etymological ...
8
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2answers
185 views

When were neuter nouns used in the vocative?

It seems that neuter nouns have vocative forms that are identical to their nominative/accusative forms. Most neuter nouns don't have a meaning that seems to me to fit easily with the use of the ...
5
votes
3answers
121 views

Do any non-second-declension neuter nouns end in m?

I have the impression that the ending -m appears on neuter nouns (in the nominative/accusative form) only in the second declension, but I don't know whether there are any exceptions. Is there any ...
10
votes
2answers
329 views

Is it possible to predict the gender of nouns?

As you are probably aware, Spanish owes a significant portion of its vocabulary to Latin. An interesting difference however is that Spanish has only two genders for nouns - feminine and masculine. The ...
4
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1answer
147 views

Relative Clause of Purpose with Quo

Moreland has this sentence in Relative Clause of Purpose (Unit 14): Properatis quo celerius adveniatis. which it translates as: You hasten by which you may arrive more quickly. The adjective '...
8
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1answer
80 views

Why is -d used instead of -m for most neuter pronouns

There is a notable set of pronouns that use -d for the neuter nominative and accusative: iste > istud ille > illud quis > quid is > id Other pronouns do not: hic > hoc ipse > ipsum (though L&S ...
11
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1answer
373 views

Where do the plurals of locus come from?

The word locus is masculine in the singular, but it can be masculine or neuter in the plural. Geographical places are loca, but places in a text are loci. As far as I know, this is the only Latin word ...
9
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4answers
462 views

Forms of 2nd Declension Neuter Nouns ending in -ium

The 2nd Declension Neuter endings are: Singular Nom: -um Gen: -ī Dat: -ō Acc: -um Abl: -ō Plural Nom: -a Gen: -ōrum Dat: -īs Acc: -a Abl: -īs With a word such as auxilium (meaning help, aid), which ...
5
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1answer
45 views

How to search for neuters ending in -tus?

For reasons of rhyming I sometimes need to search for Latin words with specific kinds of endings. Translating songs to Latin is a hobby that seems to inevitably lead to this need. I would like to ...
14
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1answer
509 views

Are there any other neuter words of the second declension that end on -us than “virus”?

Virus is a neuter word of the second declension even though it ends on -us, as evidenced by its genitive on -i (it has no plural). Are there any other such words? Bonus question: is it possible that ...
34
votes
3answers
795 views

Accusative equals nominative for neuter words – how universal is this and why?

The first mnemonic for Latin case ending I learnt was that for neuter words, the accusative form is always identical to the nominative form. This applies even to exotic word endings like animal or id, ...