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Questions tagged [negation]

For questions regarding negative statements, i.e. statements involving an opposite, denial or the likes.

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14 votes
2 answers
196 views

What is the difference in meaning or nuance between 'premō' and 'imprimō' in the sense of 'I press'?

Wiktionary shows that both premō and imprimō can mean (among other things) "I press." Looking at the formation of the latter word, the prefix im-, can negate the root word. How this applies to this ...
Flimzy's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
2k views

If arm is 'arma', why is unarmed 'inermis' and not 'inarmis'?

I came across the Spanish word 'inerme', which comes from Latin inermis and means unarmed. Since the Latin word for arm is 'arma' and the preffix 'in' indicates negation, it is clear that the form '...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 225
11 votes
1 answer
239 views

Scope of negation with absolute constructions

In Latin and Greek, when a negator appears in an absolute construction (ablative absolute, genitive absolute), it is generally taken to negate the predicate within that construction: hostibus ...
TKR's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Latin translation of "don't get caught"

I am looking for a translation of "don't get caught". This phrase is the slogan of World Chase Tag (a tag competition), and it seems like they tried to put a Latin translation on their ...
schmuelinsky's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
648 views

John Owen's poem: Umquam or numquam?

I happened to see one of John Owen's poems, Horologium Vitae, which writes: Latus ad occasum, umquam rediturus ad ortum, Vivo hodie, moriar cras, here natus eram. and it is translated poetically as: ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

What would this pun mean?

In a conversation with a fellow Ancient Greek enthusiast, the name "Medusa" (Μέδουσα, "ruling") came up. I made a rather tortured pun by switching the epsilon to an eta, creating μὴ δοῦσα. Now, μή is ...
Draconis's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to say "Don't even..."?

The following constructions feel simple enough: "You don't even move." — Ne moveris quidem. "Don't move!" — Noli moveri! or "Ne motus sis." But what if I want to give a negative ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
516 views

Expressing English modalities of advice in Latin

English has expresses advice in the present and past through the use of the following modal constructions: present: You should [...] present negated: You shouldn't [...] past: You should have [...] ...
Ethan Bierlein's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
340 views

Can 'non' with gerundive mean both lack of obligation and negative obligation?

If a gerundive is used with non, can it mean both lack of obligation and negative obligation? For example, can non loquendum est mean both "it is not necessary to speak" and "it is necessary not to ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
152 views

How do I negate an ut clause of result?

Ut clauses of result are excellent for saying "so ___ that". But what if I wanted to reverse this and say "not ___ enough to"? For example, tam strenue laborābam ut epistolās centum scripserim means "...
Draconis's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
846 views

How can you tell whether prefixed ‘in-’ is the preposition ‘in’ or Indo-European ‘in-’?

Background The verb īnsum has the prefix in-. Prefixing in/in- to words, changes their meaning to ‘in’, ‘on’ et sim., or ‘un-’, ‘non’ et sim. (ɔ:¹ negation).² However, according to Wiktionary, the ...
Canned Man's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

How do I say "this must not happen"?

I'm used to translating English auxiliary "must" with a Latin gerundive: hic necandus est "this man must be killed". But what if I want to say "this man must not be killed"? I would read non necandus ...
Draconis's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
330 views

Equivalent of "-less"

Given a Latin noun, how does one transform it into an adjective meaning "lacking [noun]" (the equivalent of English "-less")? I know that "having (a lot of) [noun]" would be formed with the ending "-...
jwodder's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
281 views

What is the correct etymology of ignōscō "pardon"?

The verb ignōscō, with the meaning "pardon, forgive", is explained in some sources as coming from the negative prefix in- and (g)nōscō. For example, Lewis and Short says "lit., not to wish to know, ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
120 views

How to say "Double negation affirms by accident"?

I want to know how to say, "Double negation affirms by accident" or "Double negation affirms accidentally." Would it be duplex negatio affirmat per accidens? This is in reference to the idea from ...
אהרן רובין's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
247 views

Anyone know where "immorito" comes from?

Just checking since the dictionaria gugulabilia seem to (very occasionally) include immorito (glossed here as "causelessly"; here as "undeſervedly") but never whatever intermediate ...
lly's user avatar
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